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A New Cost-Benefit and Rate of Return Analysis for the Perry
AP and Other Stories Summary and benefit Analysis of essays on mental retardation, A P, Part 1. This story is narrated by Sammy, a young cashier at the supermarket A P. One day, three girls in bathing suits stop in to buy some snacks. Sammy is cost analysis paper immediately struck by a “chunky” (596) girl with a “sweet broad soft-looking can.” He is so attracted to her that he accidentally rings up a box of crackers twice, provoking the ire of the middle-aged customer who was trying to buy them. By the time Sammy calms down the irate customer, the girls are making their way towards an aisle close to his checkout slot. He notices that the girls are barefoot. None of my math homework, them are particularly beautiful; he characterizes the first as chunky and “pale” and the second as “the kind of girl that other girls think is very ‘striking’ and ‘attractive’ but never quite makes it.” However, he quickly identifies the cost benefit third as their leader, noticing that she walks slightly ahead of a concept, her friends and almost seems to be showing them how to command attention. He infers that it was her idea to come to A P in the first place. He calls her the queen or, later, Queenie. Sammy notices that the straps of the queen’s bathing suit have slipped off her shoulders, so there is no clothing between the top of the bathing suit and the top of her head.
He is in awe of her beauty, and marvels that only an benefit analysis research extraordinarily pretty girl could get away with walking into a grocery store with her straps down. He continues to stare at her physical features, including her long neck and essays on mental her oaky hair. The other people in the store are shocked by the girls’ skimpy attire, as well as the fact that they are walking “against the usual traffic” (597) down the analysis research paper aisles. Sammy criticizes these “sheep” for looking askance at how to a concept essay, the girls but also being attracted to them. He speculates that “you could set off dynamite” (598) in an A P and the shoppers would still go about cost benefit research their business as usual. Nevertheless, they do seem a bit “jiggled,” with some women even turning around to look at the girls again, as if they cannot believe their eyes. Only ten years before John Updike published “A P,” his New Yorker colleague J.D. How To Write A Concept. Salinger rocked the literary establishment with his first novel, The Catcher in the Rye . There are striking similarities between Holden Caulfield, the analysis research main character of Salinger’s novel, and Updike’s narrator Sammy. Both hold a deep-seated contempt for write, authority and hypocrisy.
But while Salinger’s hero is analysis research paper so self-absorbed that we never get an objective perspective on his world, Sammy is sharply perceptive, offering insights about human nature and my math society at large. The main action of “A P” unfolds not in cost analysis paper the grocery store but in Sammy’s mind. It is german writing not a chronicle of cost paper, his ordinary day at work, but rather of his rejection of bourgeois conformity. Some critics trace Sammy’s heritage not to Holden Caulfield but to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who advocated for non-conformity and navy essay moral self-reliance (Porter 1155). In the early pages of “A P,” Sammy establishes his contempt for conformity and consumerism, insinuating that the people who shop at A P are “sheep” (597) who can never be roused out of cost analysis paper, their daily routines. This critique is cemented by his detailed description of the store. Sammy locates himself “between the the visitor checkouts and the Special bins” (596) and cost analysis research paper describes the girls going up “the cat-and-dog-food-breakfast-cereal-macaroni-rice-raisins-seasonings-spreads-spaghetti-soft-drinks-crackers-and-cookies aisle” (597). This careful delineation of the story’s space suggests an underlying concern for realism despite Sammy’s lighthearted rhetorical style, which often relies on caricature. Sammy’s list of grocery items in navy essay the aisle is humorous, but it also indicates a deep sense of cost, unease with the rampant consumerism in American culture.
None of the foods Sammy lists are nutritious. Essay. They are all snack foods or condiments—or in the case of the pet foods, not for human consumption at all. Rather than a necessity for survival, Updike portrays grocery shopping as a lavish exercise in self-indulgence. By buying so many unnecessary items, he suggests that people abstract themselves from their physical existence as human beings. Sammy’s sexual desire for the girls initially seems to be an antidote to this deadening consumerism. If the other shoppers have, in conforming, sacrificed their humanity, then the girls’ rebellion against social norms seems to be a refreshing dose of human vitality.
This interpretation is reinforced by their nakedness; by forgoing regular clothing and the conformity that comes with it, they embrace their fundamental human nature, and the beauty of this spectacle is stunning to all who witness it. However, there is an alternate interpretation of the cost benefit research paper girls’ nudity. They are consumers just as much as the the visitor essay older shoppers are, and like those shoppers, they embrace unhealthy foods, looking at cookies before finally deciding to buy the herring snacks. They are conformists in their own way, with the cost analysis research paper queen leading the other two girls who timidly “peek around [the queen’s body] and [hunch] over a little” (597). Write A Concept. Although he knows nothing of their personalities and concedes that two of the girls are unattractive, Sammy still lusts after them. His sexual desire, then, is just as greedy and overindulgent as the shoppers’ desire for snack foods. Over the course of his career, Updike has sometimes been accused of misogyny (Shapiro, Roiphe). Based on his descriptions of the women in analysis paper the story, Sammy certainly seems to have a misogynist worldview.
He insinuates that the young girls are catty exhibitionists, but the german writing phrases brunt of his contempt is reserved for older women. These middle-aged housewives, he suggests, are the engines of American consumerism, and he consistently belittles them, describing them as “houseslaves in pin curlers” (598). Analysis Paper. His account of the middle-aged woman at the beginning of navy essay, “A P” is dehumanizing; he calls her a witch and compares her to cost analysis research a bird, calming her down by “[getting] her feathers smoothed and essay her goodies into a bag” (596). Benefit Research. Although the character’s outlook should not necessarily be extended to Updike himself, there are certainly grounds to my math homework criticize his treatment of women. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/a-and-p-and-other-stories/study-guide/summary-a-and-p-part-1 in MLA Format.
Study Guide Navigation About AP and Other Stories AP and Other Stories Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Ace in the Hole A P, Part 1 A P, Part 2 A P, Part 3 Pigeon Feathers Separating Short Easter Consumerism and the Cold War Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store John Updike Biography. AP and Other Stories Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for AP and Other Stories is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the cost benefit analysis research novel. My Math Homework. Sammy is a nineteen-year-old cashier at cost benefit research paper, the A P, a large supermarket chain. He narrates a day at the store, complaining about my math homework customers who are mean or behave like sheep. He is critical of the commercialism of modern culture. Three. Sammy thinks he experiences an epiphany for the rights of these girls but his decision to quit his job is really driven by teen angst and cost benefit research paper sexual attraction.
Check out this GradeSaver link below: Study Guide for AP and Other Stories. AP and Other Stories study guide contains a biography of John Updike, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and on mental analysis. AP and benefit analysis research paper Other Stories essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of AP and other short stories by John Updike.
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Publication 529 (2016), Miscellaneous Deductions. For use in benefit, preparing 2016 Returns. Publication 529 - Introductory Material. Standard mileage rate. The 2016 rate for business use of a vehicle is 54 cents per roman empire essay, mile. Educator expenses expanded. Beginning in 2016, qualified educator expenses also include those expenses you incur while participating in professional development courses related to the curriculum in which you provide instruction. See Educator Expenses for more information about educator expenses. Future developments. For the latest information about developments related to Pub. 529, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to benefit analysis research www.irs.gov/pub529.
Photographs of missing children. The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the german essay writing phrases, National Center for Missing Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of cost research missing children selected by the Center may appear in a concept essay, this publication on benefit pages that would otherwise be blank. On Mental. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and benefit analysis calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. This publication explains which expenses you can claim as miscellaneous itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040NR). You must reduce the total of most miscellaneous itemized deductions by 2% of the visitor your adjusted gross income. This publication covers the following topics. Deductions subject to the 2% limit. Deductions not subject to cost the 2% limit. Expenses you can't deduct. How to report your deductions.
Some of the deductions previously discussed in this publication are adjustments to income rather than miscellaneous deductions. My Math. These include certain employee business expenses that must be listed on Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ and some that are entered directly on Form 1040. Those deductions, which are discussed in Pub. 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and paper Car Expenses, include employee business expenses of officials paid on a fee basis and performing artists. Generally, nonresident aliens are allowed miscellaneous itemized deductions to the extent they are directly related to write a concept essay income which is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the analysis, United States. You must keep records to verify your deductions.
You should keep receipts, canceled checks, substitute checks, financial account statements, and other documentary evidence. We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. You can send us comments from irs.gov/formspubs. Essays. Click on More Information and benefit analysis paper then on Give us feedback. Or you can write to: Internal Revenue Service.
Tax Forms and Publications. 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526. Washington, DC 20224. We respond to han dynasty roman empire many letters by telephone. Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Visit irs.gov/formspubs to download forms and publications. Otherwise, you can go to irs.gov/orderforms to order current and prior-year forms and cost benefit research instructions. Your order should arrive within 10 business days.
If you have a tax question not answered by this publication, check IRS.gov and How To Get Tax Help at the end of this publication. Useful Items - You may want to see: 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and essays on mental retardation Car Expenses. 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income. 535 Business Expenses. 587 Business Use of Your Home (Including Use by Daycare Providers)
946 How To Depreciate Property. Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions. 2106 Employee Business Expenses. 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses. See How To Get Tax Help near the analysis paper, end of this publication for information about getting these publications and forms. Deductions Subject to the 2% Limit. You can deduct certain expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions on write a concept Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040NR). Cost Analysis. You can claim the amount of roman empire essay expenses that is benefit analysis research paper, more than 2% of your adjusted gross income. You figure your deduction on Schedule A by subtracting 2% of your adjusted gross income from the total amount of these expenses.
Your adjusted gross income is the amount on essays Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040NR, line 37. Generally, you apply the 2% limit after you apply any other deduction limit. For example, you apply the cost research, 50% (or 80%) limit on business-related meals and entertainment (discussed later under Travel, Transportation, Meals, Entertainment, Gifts, and Local Lodging ) before you apply the 2% limit. Deductions subject to the 2% limit are discussed in the following three categories. Unreimbursed employee expenses (Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21 or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 7). Tax preparation fees (Schedule A (Form 1040), line 22 or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 8). Other expenses (Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23 or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 9). Generally, the following expenses are deducted on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 7. You can deduct only unreimbursed employee expenses that are: Paid or incurred during your tax year,
For carrying on your trade or business of being an employee, and. Ordinary and necessary. An expense is ordinary if it is common and accepted in your trade, business, or profession. An expense is necessary if it is appropriate and helpful to your business. Answer. An expense doesn't have to be required to be considered necessary. You may be able to deduct the following items as unreimbursed employee expenses.
Business bad debt of an employee. Business liability insurance premiums. Damages paid to a former employer for breach of an employment contract. Depreciation on a computer your employer requires you to use in your work. Dues to a chamber of commerce if membership helps you do your job. Dues to professional societies. Home office or part of your home used regularly and exclusively in your work.
Job search expenses in your present occupation. Laboratory breakage fees. Legal fees related to your job. Licenses and cost regulatory fees. Malpractice insurance premiums. Medical examinations required by an employer. Passport for a business trip. Repayment of an income aid payment received under an the visitor essay, employer's plan. Research expenses of a college professor.
Rural mail carriers' vehicle expenses. Subscriptions to analysis research professional journals and trade magazines related to your work. Tools and the visitor supplies used in your work. Travel, transportation, meals, entertainment, gifts, and cost benefit research local lodging related to your work. Union dues and expenses.
Work clothes and uniforms if required and not suitable for everyday use. A business bad debt is a loss from writing a debt created or acquired in benefit research paper, your trade or business. German Writing Phrases. Any other worthless debt is a business bad debt only if there is a very close relationship between the debt and cost benefit analysis your trade or business when the debt becomes worthless. A debt has a very close relationship to your trade or business of german being an cost analysis research paper, employee if your main motive for incurring the debt is han dynasty roman empire, a business reason. You make a bona fide loan to the corporation you work for. Analysis. It fails to answer pay you back. You had to make the cost paper, loan in order to keep your job. You have a business bad debt as an employee.
For more information on business bad debts, see chapter 10 in Pub. 535. For information on nonbusiness bad debts, see chapter 4 in Pub. 550, Investment Income and Expenses. You can deduct insurance premiums you paid for protection against personal liability for wrongful acts on the job. Damages for Breach of Employment Contract.
If you break an employment contract, you can deduct damages you pay your former employer if the damages are attributable to the pay you received from that employer. You can claim a depreciation deduction for a computer that you use in your work as an employee if its use is: For the convenience of your employer, and. Required as a condition of your employment. For the convenience of your employer. This means that your use of the computer is for a substantial business reason of answer my math homework your employer. Cost Benefit Research Paper. You must consider all facts in making this determination. Use of your computer during your regular working hours to carry on your employer's business is roman empire, generally for the convenience of your employer. Required as a condition of your employment.
This means that you can't properly perform your duties without the computer. Paper. Whether you can properly perform your duties without it depends on all the facts and circumstances. It isn’t necessary that your employer explicitly requires you to use your computer. But neither is german essay writing, it enough that your employer merely states that your use of the item is a condition of benefit analysis research paper your employment. You are an essay, engineer with an engineering firm.
You occasionally take work home at night rather than work late at the office. You own and use a computer that is cost analysis research paper, similar to the one you use at the office to complete your work at home. Since your use of the computer isn't for the convenience of your employer and essay isn't required as a condition of your employment, you can't claim a depreciation deduction for it. Which depreciation method to use. The depreciation method you use depends on whether you meet the more-than-50%-use test. You meet this test if you use the computer more than 50% in cost benefit paper, your work. If you meet this test, you can claim accelerated depreciation under the General Depreciation System (GDS). In addition, you may be able to take the section 179 deduction for the year you place the item in the visitor essay, service. If you don't meet the more-than-50%-use test, you are limited to the straight line method of depreciation under the cost benefit research paper, Alternative Depreciation System (ADS). You also can't claim the essay, section 179 deduction. (But if you use your computer in a home office, see the exception below.)
Your use of a computer in connection with investments (described later under Other Expenses ) doesn't count as use in your work. However, you can combine your investment use with your work use in benefit paper, figuring your depreciation deduction. Exception for essays computer used in a home office. The more-than-50%-use test doesn't apply to a computer used only in a part of your home that meets the benefit analysis research paper, requirements described later under Home Office . You can claim accelerated depreciation using GDS for a computer used in a qualifying home office, even if you don't use it more than 50% in your work. You also may be able to take a section 179 deduction for essays on mental the year you place the computer in service. See Computer used in cost benefit analysis research paper, a home office under How To Report, later.
For more information on depreciation and german essay writing the section 179 deduction for computers and other items used in a home office, see Business Furniture and Equipment in Pub. 587. Pub. 946 has detailed information about the analysis research, section 179 deduction and depreciation deductions using GDS and ADS. Reporting your depreciation deduction. See How To Report, later, for the visitor information about reporting a deduction for depreciation. You must keep records to prove your percentage of business and investment use. Dues to Chambers of Commerce and Professional Societies. You may be able to deduct dues paid to professional organizations (such as bar associations and medical associations) and to chambers of commerce and analysis research paper similar organizations, if membership helps you carry out the duties of your job.
Similar organizations include: Boards of trade, Civic or public service organizations, Real estate boards, and. Lobbying and political activities. You may not be able to deduct that part of your dues that is for certain lobbying and political activities. See Lobbying Expenses under Nondeductible Expenses, later. If you were an german essay writing, eligible educator in 2016, you can deduct up to $250 of qualified expenses you paid in 2016 as an adjustment to gross income on cost analysis research paper Form 1040, line 23, rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. If you file Form 1040A, you can deduct these expenses on line 16. If you and your spouse are filing jointly and both of you were eligible educators, the maximum deduction is essays on mental retardation, $500. However, neither spouse can deduct more than $250 of cost benefit research paper his or her qualified expenses.
An eligible educator is a kindergarten through grade 12 teacher, instructor, counselor, principal, or aide in school for at least 900 hours during a school year. Qualified expenses include ordinary and necessary expenses paid in connection with books, supplies, equipment (including computer equipment, software, and services), and empire other materials used in the classroom. An ordinary expense is one that is common and paper accepted in your educational field. A necessary expense is one that is answer homework, helpful and appropriate for your profession as an educator. An expense doesn’t have to be required to be considered necessary. Beginning in 2016, qualified expenses also include those expenses you incur while participating in professional development courses related to the curriculum in which you provide instruction. It also includes those expenses related to research paper those students for whom you provide that instruction. Qualified expenses don’t include expenses for home schooling or for nonathletic supplies for courses in health or physical education. You must reduce your qualified expenses by the following amounts. Excludable U.S. series EE and I savings bond interest from Form 8815.
Nontaxable qualified state tuition program earnings. Nontaxable earnings from Coverdell education savings accounts. Any reimbursements you received for those expenses that weren’t reported to answer homework you on your Form W-2, box 1. Educator expenses over cost research paper limit. If you were an educator in my math homework, 2016 and analysis research paper you had qualified expenses that you can’t take as an adjustment to answer my math gross income, you can deduct the rest as an itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit. If you use a part of your home regularly and exclusively for business purposes, you may be able to deduct a part of the operating expenses and depreciation of benefit your home. You can claim this deduction for the business use of a part of homework your home only cost research paper, if you use that part of your home regularly and exclusively: As your principal place of business for any trade or business, As a place to on mental meet or deal with your patients, clients, or customers in research, the normal course of essay writing your trade or business, or.
In the case of a separate structure not attached to your home, in connection with your trade or business. The regular and paper exclusive business use must be for the convenience of your employer and not just appropriate and essay phrases helpful in benefit analysis research, your job. Principal place of navy essay business. If you have more than one place of business, the business part of your home is cost benefit, your principal place of business if: You use it regularly and exclusively for administrative or management activities of your trade or business, and. You have no other fixed location where you conduct substantial administrative or management activities of your trade or business.
Otherwise, the location of navy essay your principal place of business generally depends on analysis research the relative importance of the activities performed at each location and the time spent at answer my math each location. You should keep records that will give the information needed to benefit analysis research figure the deduction according to answer these rules. Also keep canceled checks, substitute checks, or account statements and receipts of the expenses paid to prove the deductions you claim. See Pub. 587 for more detailed information and a worksheet for figuring the cost research paper, deduction. You can deduct certain expenses you have in looking for a new job in your present occupation, even if you don't get a new job. You can't deduct these expenses if: You are looking for a job in a new occupation, There was a substantial break between the ending of your last job and your looking for a new one, or.
You are looking for roman essay a job for analysis research the first time. Employment and outplacement agency fees. You can deduct employment and outplacement agency fees you pay in looking for a new job in your present occupation. If, in essay, a later year, your employer pays you back for employment agency fees, you must include the amount you receive in paper, your gross income up to empire the amount of your tax benefit in the earlier year. Cost Analysis Research. See Recoveries in the visitor, Pub. 525. Employer pays the employment agency. If your employer pays the fees directly to the employment agency and you aren't responsible for them, you don't include them in your gross income. You can deduct amounts you spend for preparing and mailing copies of a resume to prospective employers if you are looking for a new job in your present occupation. Travel and transportation expenses.
If you travel to an area and, while there, you look for a new job in your present occupation, you may be able to benefit analysis deduct travel expenses to and from the area. You can deduct the travel expenses if the empire essay, trip is primarily to look for a new job. The amount of time you spend on personal activity compared to the amount of time you spend in looking for benefit work is important in determining whether the answer homework, trip is primarily personal or is cost research paper, primarily to answer my math homework look for a new job. Even if you can't deduct the cost analysis research, travel expenses to and from an han dynasty roman, area, you can deduct the expenses of cost benefit research looking for the visitor a new job in your present occupation while in the area. You can choose to use the standard mileage rate to benefit analysis paper figure your car expenses. Homework. The 2016 rate for business use of a vehicle is 54 cents per mile.
See Pub. 463 for more information on travel and cost paper car expenses. You can deduct legal fees related to doing or keeping your job. You can deduct the amount you pay each year to state or local governments for licenses and regulatory fees for your trade, business, or profession. You can deduct an occupational tax charged at a flat rate by a locality for the privilege of working or conducting a business in the locality. Han Dynasty Roman Essay. If you are an employee, you can claim occupational taxes only as a miscellaneous deduction subject to the 2% limit; you can't claim them as a deduction for benefit analysis taxes elsewhere on your return. An income aid payment is one that is received under an employer's plan to aid employees who lose their jobs because of lack of work. If you repay a lump-sum income aid payment that you received and included in income in an earlier year, you can deduct the navy essay, repayment.
Research Expenses of a College Professor. If you are a college professor, you can deduct your research expenses, including travel expenses, for teaching, lecturing, or writing and publishing on subjects that relate directly to your teaching duties. You must have undertaken the research as a means of carrying out the duties expected of a professor and cost benefit research without expectation of my math profit apart from salary. However, you can't deduct the cost of travel as a form of education. Rural Mail Carriers' Vehicle Expenses. If your expenses to cost benefit research paper use a vehicle in navy essay, performing services as a rural mail carrier are more than the benefit analysis, amount of your reimbursements, you can deduct the unreimbursed expenses. Answer My Math. See chapter 4 of Pub.
463 for more information. Generally, you can deduct amounts you spend for tools used in your work if the tools wear out and cost analysis research are thrown away within 1 year from the date of purchase. You can depreciate the cost of the visitor essay tools that have a useful life substantially beyond the tax year. For more information about cost research paper, depreciation, see Pub. 946.
Travel, Transportation, Meals, Entertainment, Gifts, and Local Lodging. If you are an employee and have ordinary and homework necessary business-related expenses for travel away from home, local transportation, entertainment, and cost benefit analysis research paper gifts, you may be able to deduct these expenses. Generally, you must file Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ to claim these expenses. Travel expenses are those incurred while traveling away from home for your employer. You can deduct travel expenses paid or incurred in connection with a temporary work assignment. Generally, you can't deduct travel expenses paid or incurred in the visitor, connection with an indefinite work assignment. Travel expenses may include: The cost of getting to and from cost benefit analysis paper your business destination (air, rail, bus, car, etc.), Meals and navy essay lodging while away from home, Baggage charges, and. Cleaning and laundry expenses.
Travel expenses are discussed more fully in chapter 1 of Pub. 463. If your assignment or job away from benefit paper home in a single location is realistically expected to last (and does in navy essay, fact last) for cost benefit research paper 1 year or less, it is temporary, unless there are facts and how to write a concept circumstances that indicate it isn't. If your assignment or job away from home in a single location is realistically expected to cost benefit research last for essay more than 1 year, it is indefinite, whether or not it actually lasts for cost benefit paper more than 1 year. If your assignment or job away from home in a single location is realistically expected to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date it is realistically expected to exceed 1 year, it will be treated as temporary (in the essays, absence of facts and circumstances indicating otherwise) until the date that your realistic expectation changes, and it will be treated as indefinite after that date. Federal crime investigation and prosecution. If you are a federal employee participating in benefit analysis research, a federal crime investigation or prosecution, you aren't subject to the 1-year rule for deducting temporary travel expenses. This means that you may be able to deduct travel expenses even if you are away from your tax home for more than 1 year.
To qualify, the Attorney General must certify that you are traveling: For the Federal Government, In a temporary duty status, and. To investigate, prosecute, or provide support services for the investigation or prosecution of essay phrases a federal crime. Armed Forces reservists traveling more than 100 miles from home. If you are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States and you travel more than 100 miles away from home in connection with your performance of services as a member of the reserves, you can deduct some of your travel expenses as an adjustment to gross income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. The amount of expenses you can deduct as an adjustment to gross income is limited to the regular federal per diem rate (for lodging, meals, and incidental expenses) and analysis the standard mileage rate (for car expenses) plus any parking fees, ferry fees, and tolls. The balance, if any, is reported on Schedule A.
You are a member of essays on mental retardation a reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States if you are in the Army, Naval, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard Reserve, the benefit analysis research paper, Army National Guard of the United States, the roman, Air National Guard of the United States, or the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. For more information on travel expenses, see Pub. 463. Local transportation expenses. Local transportation expenses are the expenses of getting from one workplace to another when you aren't traveling away from home. They include the cost of transportation by air, rail, bus, taxi, and the cost of cost benefit analysis using your car.
You can choose to use the standard mileage rate to figure your car expenses. The 2016 rate for business use of a vehicle is my math, 54 cents per mile. In general, the costs of commuting between your residence and your place of business are nondeductible. If you work at two places in a day, whether or not for the same employer, you can generally deduct the expenses of cost analysis research paper getting from one workplace to the other. You can deduct expenses incurred in going between your home and a temporary work location if at least one of the han dynasty roman, following applies.
The work location is outside the metropolitan area where you live and normally work. You have at least one regular work location (other than your home) for the same trade or business. (If this applies, the distance between your home and the temporary work location doesn't matter.) For this purpose, a work location is generally considered temporary if your work there is realistically expected to last (and does in benefit analysis paper, fact last) for 1 year or less. It isn't temporary if your work there is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year, even if it actually lasts for 1 year or less. If your work there initially is realistically expected to last for 1 year or less, but later is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year, the work location is generally considered temporary until the date your realistic expectation changes and german phrases not temporary after that date.
For more information, see chapter 1 of Pub. Cost Research. 463. You can deduct expenses incurred in going between your home and a workplace if your home is your principal place of business for the same trade or business. (In this situation, whether the other workplace is temporary or regular and its distance from your home don't matter.) See Home Office , earlier, for a discussion on the use of your home as your principal place of business. Generally, you can deduct entertainment expenses (including entertainment-related meals) only if they are directly related to the active conduct of your trade or business. However, the a concept essay, expense only needs to be associated with the active conduct of your trade or business if it directly precedes or follows a substantial and bona fide business-related discussion. You can deduct only 50% of your business-related meal and entertainment expenses unless the research paper, expenses meet certain exceptions. You apply this 50% limit before you apply the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Meals when subject to hours of service limits. You can deduct 80% of your business-related meal expenses if you consume the german essay, meals during or incident to any period subject to the Department of Transportation's hours of benefit research service limits. You apply this 80% limit before you apply the navy essay, 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit.
You can generally deduct up to $25 of business gifts you give to any one individual during the cost benefit analysis research, year. The following items don't count toward the retardation, $25 limit. Identical, widely distributed items costing $4 or less that have your name clearly and cost permanently imprinted. Signs, racks, and promotional materials to the visitor be displayed on the business premises of the recipient. If your employer provides or requires you to obtain lodging while you aren't traveling away from home, you can deduct the cost benefit research paper, cost of the lodging if it is: on a temporary basis, necessary for you to navy essay participate in or be available for benefit analysis paper a business meeting or employer function, and. the costs are ordinary and necessary, but not lavish or extravagant. If your employer provides the lodging or reimburses you for navy essay the cost of the cost analysis research paper, lodging, you can deduct the cost only if the value or the reimbursement is included in your gross income because it is reported as wages on your Form W-2. See Pub.
463 for answer my math more information on travel, transportation, meal, entertainment, and gift expenses, and reimbursements for these expenses. You can deduct dues and research paper initiation fees you pay for union membership. You can also deduct assessments for benefit payments to unemployed union members. Write. However, you can't deduct the part of the assessments or contributions that provides funds for the payment of sick, accident, or death benefits. Also, you can't deduct contributions to a pension fund even if the union requires you to make the contributions. You may not be able to cost analysis paper deduct amounts you pay to the union that are related to certain lobbying and political activities. See Lobbying Expenses under Nondeductible Expenses, later. You can deduct the cost and upkeep of work clothes if the following two requirements are met. You must wear them as a condition of your employment. The clothes aren't suitable for everyday wear.
It isn't enough that you wear distinctive clothing. Navy Essay. The clothing must be specifically required by your employer. Nor is cost benefit analysis research paper, it enough that you don't, in han dynasty, fact, wear your work clothes away from work. The clothing must not be suitable for cost benefit paper taking the navy essay, place of cost analysis paper your regular clothing. Examples of workers who may be able to the visitor deduct the cost and benefit research upkeep of work clothes are: delivery workers, firefighters, health care workers, law enforcement officers, letter carriers, professional athletes, and transportation workers (air, rail, bus, etc.). Musicians and roman essay entertainers can deduct the cost of theatrical clothing and analysis paper accessories that aren't suitable for everyday wear.
However, work clothing consisting of white cap, white shirt or white jacket, white bib overalls, and standard work shoes, which a painter is required by his union to essay wear on the job, isn't distinctive in character or in the nature of a uniform. Similarly, the costs of cost paper buying and maintaining blue work clothes worn by a welder at the request of a foreman aren't deductible. You can deduct the cost of protective clothing required in your work, such as safety shoes or boots, safety glasses, hard hats, and work gloves. Examples of workers who may be required to wear safety items are: carpenters, cement workers, chemical workers, electricians, fishing boat crew members, machinists, oil field workers, pipe fitters, steamfitters, and truck drivers. You generally can't deduct the cost of a concept your uniforms if you are on full-time active duty in the armed forces. Analysis Paper. However, if you are an armed forces reservist, you can deduct the unreimbursed cost of your uniform if military regulations restrict you from wearing it except while on duty as a reservist.
In figuring the deduction, you must reduce the cost by any nontaxable allowance you receive for these expenses. If local military rules don't allow you to wear fatigue uniforms when you are off duty, you can deduct the amount by which the cost of buying and keeping up these uniforms is more than the uniform allowance you receive. If you are a student at an armed forces academy, you can't deduct the cost of your uniforms if they replace regular clothing. However, you can deduct the cost of insignia, shoulder boards, and related items. You can deduct the cost of your uniforms if you are a civilian faculty or staff member of a military school. You can deduct expenses you have for education, even if the education may lead to a degree, if the education meets at least one of the following two tests. It maintains or improves skills required in your present work. It is required by your employer or the law to keep your salary, status, or job, and the requirement serves a business purpose of your employer. You can't deduct expenses you have for education, even though one or both of the preceding tests are met, if the education: Is needed to meet the minimum educational requirements to qualify you in your trade or business, or.
Is part of a program of study that will lead to qualifying you in a new trade or business. If your education qualifies, you can deduct expenses for navy essay tuition, books, supplies, laboratory fees, and similar items, and certain transportation costs. If the education qualifies you for a new trade or business, you can't deduct the cost analysis, educational expenses even if you don’t intend to enter that trade or business. You can't deduct the cost of travel that in itself constitutes a form of education. For example, a French teacher who travels to France to write essay maintain general familiarity with the French language and culture can't deduct the cost of the research, trip as an educational expense. See Pub. How To Write A Concept Essay. 970, Tax Benefits for Education, for cost analysis a complete discussion of the deduction for work-related education expenses. Education Expenses During Unemployment. If you stop working for a year or less in order to get education in order to navy essay maintain or improve skills needed in analysis, your present work and then return to the same general type of work, your absence is considered temporary. Education that you get during a temporary absence is qualifying work-related education if it maintains or improves skills needed in roman essay, your present work.
You can usually deduct tax preparation fees on the return for the year in which you pay them. Thus, on analysis paper your 2016 return, you can deduct fees paid in 2016 for preparing your 2015 return. These fees include the cost of tax preparation software programs and tax publications. They also include any fee you paid for navy essay electronic filing of analysis research your return. See Tax preparation fees under How To Report, later. You can deduct certain other expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. On Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 9, you can deduct the ordinary and essay phrases necessary expenses that you pay: To produce or collect income that must be included in your gross income, To manage, conserve, or maintain property held for producing such income, or. To determine, contest, pay, or claim a refund of benefit research paper any tax. You can deduct expenses you pay for the purposes in the visitor essay, (1) and (2) above only if they are reasonable and closely related to these purposes.
These other expenses include the following items. Appraisal fees for a casualty loss or charitable contribution. Casualty and theft losses from property used in performing services as an employee. Clerical help and analysis research paper office rent in caring for investments. Depreciation on home computers used for investments. Excess deductions (including administrative expenses) allowed a beneficiary on essay termination of an benefit paper, estate or trust. Fees to collect interest and dividends. Hobby expenses, but generally not more than hobby income.
Indirect miscellaneous deductions from pass-through entities. Investment fees and expenses. Legal fees related to producing or collecting taxable income or getting tax advice. Loss on retardation deposits in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution. Loss on traditional IRAs or Roth IRAs, when all amounts have been distributed to you. Repayments of income. Repayments of social security benefits.
Safe deposit box rental, except for storing jewelry and other personal effects. Service charges on dividend reinvestment plans. Tax advice fees. Trustee's fees for your IRA, if separately billed and paid. If the research paper, expenses you pay produce income that is only partially taxable, see Tax-Exempt Income Expenses, later, under Nondeductible Expenses. You can deduct appraisal fees if you pay them to figure a casualty loss or the fair market value of essay donated property. You can deduct a casualty or theft loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit if you used the damaged or stolen property in performing services as an employee. First report the loss in Section B of analysis Form 4684, Casualties and roman Thefts. You may also have to include the loss on benefit analysis research paper Form 4797, Sales of Business Property, if you are otherwise required to file that form.
To figure your deduction, add all casualty or theft losses from this type of the visitor essay property included on Form 4684, lines 32 and cost 38b, or Form 4797, line 18a. For more information on casualty and navy essay theft losses, see Pub. 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. You can deduct office expenses, such as rent and clerical help, that you have in connection with your investments and collecting the taxable income on them. Credit or Debit Card Convenience Fees. You can deduct the convenience fee charged by the card processor for paying your income tax (including estimated tax payments) by credit or debit card. Benefit Analysis Research Paper. The fees are deductible on the return for empire the year in which you paid them. Analysis Paper. For example, fees charged to payments made in 2016 can be claimed on the 2016 tax return. You can deduct depreciation on your home computer if you use it to essay produce income (for example, to manage your investments that produce taxable income). You generally must depreciate the computer using the straight line method over the Alternative Depreciation System (ADS) recovery period.
But if you work as an employee and also use the computer in that work, see Depreciation on Computers under Unreimbursed Employee Expenses, earlier. For more information on depreciation, see Pub. 946. If an estate's total deductions in its last tax year are more than its gross income for that year, the beneficiaries succeeding to the estate's property can deduct the excess. Don't include deductions for the estate's personal exemption and charitable contributions when figuring the estate's total deductions. The beneficiaries can claim the deduction only for the tax year in which, or with which, the estate terminates, whether the cost analysis, year of termination is a normal year or a short tax year. For more information, see Termination of essay Estate in Pub. 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. Fees To Collect Interest and Dividends.
You can deduct fees you pay to a broker, bank, trustee, or similar agent to collect your taxable bond interest or dividends on shares of stock. But you can't deduct a fee you pay to a broker to cost benefit research paper buy investment property, such as stocks or bonds. You must add the fee to the cost of the navy essay, property. You can't deduct the fee you pay to a broker to sell securities. You can use the fee only to figure gain or loss from the sale. Benefit Analysis Paper. See the writing phrases, instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040) for information on how to report the analysis research, fee. You can generally deduct hobby expenses, but only up to the amount of hobby income. A hobby isn't a business because it isn't carried on to make a profit. See Not-for-Profit Activities in chapter 1 of Pub.
535. Indirect Deductions of the visitor Pass-Through Entities. Pass-through entities include partnerships, S corporations, and mutual funds that aren't publicly offered. Deductions of pass-through entities are passed through to the partners or shareholders. The partners or shareholders can deduct their share of passed-through deductions for investment expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. You are a member of an investment club that is formed solely to invest in securities. The club is treated as a partnership. The partnership's income is solely from benefit analysis taxable dividends, interest, and gains from essay writing phrases sales of securities. In this case, you can deduct your share of the partnership's operating expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. However, if the investment club partnership has investments that also produce nontaxable income, you can't deduct your share of the partnership's expenses that produce the nontaxable income.
Publicly offered mutual funds. Publicly offered mutual funds don't pass deductions for investment expenses through to shareholders. Analysis Paper. A mutual fund is my math, publicly offered if it is: Continuously offered pursuant to a public offering, Regularly traded on an established securities market, or. Held by or for at least 500 persons at benefit research all times during the tax year. A publicly offered mutual fund will send you a Form 1099-DIV, Dividends and essays Distributions, or a substitute form, showing the net amount of dividend income (gross dividends minus investment expenses). This net figure is the amount you report on benefit analysis paper your return as income.
You can't further deduct investment expenses related to publicly offered mutual funds because they are already included as part of the net income amount. You should receive information returns from pass-through entities. These entities issue Schedule K-1, which lists the how to write a concept essay, items and amounts you must report, and identifies the tax return schedules and lines to paper use. These funds will send you a Form 1099-DIV, or a substitute form, showing your share of essay gross income and paper investment expenses. You can claim the expenses only as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit. You can deduct investment fees, custodial fees, trust administration fees, and other expenses you paid for managing your investments that produce taxable income. You can usually deduct legal expenses that you incur in attempting to produce or collect taxable income or that you pay in connection with the determination, collection, or refund of on mental any tax.
You can also deduct legal expenses that are: Related to either doing or keeping your job, such as those you paid to defend yourself against criminal charges arising out of your trade or business, For tax advice related to a divorce if the bill specifies how much is for tax advice and it is determined in benefit, a reasonable way, or. To collect taxable alimony. You can deduct expenses of resolving tax issues relating to the visitor profit or loss from business (Schedule C or C-EZ), rentals or royalties (Schedule E), or farm income and expenses (Schedule F) on the appropriate schedule. You deduct expenses of resolving nonbusiness tax issues on research paper Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040NR). See Tax Preparation Fees, earlier.
Unlawful discrimination claims. You may be able to deduct, as an adjustment to income on Form 1040, line 36, or Form 1040NR, line 35, rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, attorney fees and court costs for actions settled or decided after October 22, 2004, involving a claim of unlawful discrimination, a claim against the visitor essay, the U.S. Government, or a claim made under section 1862(b)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act. However, the amount you can deduct on Form 1040, line 36, or Form 1040NR, line 35, is limited to the amount of the judgment or settlement you are including in income for the tax year. See Pub.
525 for more information. A loss on deposits can occur when a bank, credit union, or other financial institution becomes insolvent or bankrupt. If you can reasonably estimate the amount of your loss on money you have on deposit in a financial institution that becomes insolvent or bankrupt, you can generally choose to deduct it in the current year even though its exact amount hasn't been finally determined. If elected, the casualty loss is subject to certain deduction limitations. Cost Analysis Research Paper. The election is made on Form 4684. Once you make this choice, you can't change it without IRS approval. If none of the how to, deposit is federally insured, you can deduct the loss in either of the analysis research paper, following ways.
As an ordinary loss (as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit). Write the my math, name of the benefit, financial institution and Insolvent Financial Institution beside the amount on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 9. This deduction is limited to $20,000 ($10,000 if you are married filing separately) for each financial institution, reduced by any expected state insurance proceeds. As a casualty loss. Report it on Form 4684 first and essays on mental retardation then on Schedule A (Form 1040). See Pub. 547 for cost benefit paper details. As a nonbusiness bad debt. Report it on Schedule D (Form 1040). If any part of the han dynasty empire essay, deposit is federally insured, you can deduct the loss only as a casualty loss. You can't make this choice if you are a 1%-or-more owner or an officer of the financial institution, or are related to cost benefit research paper such owner or officer. For a definition of related, see Deposit in Insolvent or Bankrupt Financial Institution in chapter 4 of Pub.
550. Actual loss different from how to write a concept estimated loss. If you make this choice and your actual loss is less than your estimated loss, you must include the excess in income. See Recoveries in Pub. 525. If your actual loss is more than your estimated loss, treat the excess loss as explained under Choice not made, next.
If you don't make this choice (or if you have an excess actual loss after choosing to deduct your estimated loss), treat your loss (or excess loss) as a nonbusiness bad debt (deductible as a short-term capital loss) in the year its amount is cost analysis paper, finally determined. See Nonbusiness Bad Debts in chapter 4 of essay Pub. 550. If you have a loss on your traditional IRA (or Roth IRA) investment, you can deduct the loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit, but only when all the cost benefit analysis paper, amounts in all your traditional IRA (or Roth IRA) accounts have been distributed to you and the total distributions are less than your unrecovered basis. For more information, see Pub. 590-B, Distributions from Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs). If you had to repay an roman empire, amount that you included in income in an earlier year, you may be able to benefit analysis deduct the amount you repaid. If the amount you had to repay was ordinary income of $3,000 or less, the deduction is subject to the 2% limit.
If it was more than $3,000, see Repayments Under Claim of Right under Deductions Not Subject to the 2% Limit, later. Repayments of Social Security Benefits. If the empire, total of the amounts in benefit research, box 5 (net benefits for 2016) of all your Forms SSA-1099, Social Security Benefit Statement, and Forms RRB-1099, Payments By the Railroad Retirement Board, is a negative figure (a figure in parentheses), you may be able to take a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to german the 2% limit. The amount you can deduct is the research, part of the a concept essay, negative figure that represents an benefit analysis research, amount you included in gross income in an earlier year. The amount in box 5 of on mental Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 is the net amount of your benefits for the year. Cost Research. It will be a negative figure if the amount of benefits you repaid in the visitor essay, 2016 (box 4) is research, more than the gross amount of benefits paid to you in the visitor essay, 2016 (box 3). If the deduction is paper, more than $3,000, you will have to use a special computation to figure your tax. See Pub. 915, Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, for the visitor essay additional information.
You can deduct safe deposit box rent if you use the box to store taxable income-producing stocks, bonds, or investment-related papers and documents. You can't deduct the analysis paper, rent if you use the box only for jewelry, other personal items, or tax-exempt securities. Service Charges on Dividend Reinvestment Plans. You can deduct service charges you pay as a subscriber in a dividend reinvestment plan. My Math Homework. These service charges include payments for:
Holding shares acquired through a plan, Collecting and reinvesting cash dividends, and. Keeping individual records and providing detailed statements of accounts. Trustee's Administrative Fees for IRA. Trustee's administrative fees that are billed separately and benefit research paid by you in connection with your IRA are deductible (if they are ordinary and navy essay necessary) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2% limit.
Deductions Not Subject to benefit analysis research paper the 2% Limit. You can deduct the items listed below as miscellaneous itemized deductions. They aren't subject to the 2% limit. Homework. Report these items on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 14. Amortizable premium on taxable bonds.
Casualty and cost benefit analysis theft losses from income-producing property. Federal estate tax on income in respect of a decedent. Gambling losses up to the amount of gambling winnings. Impairment-related work expenses of persons with disabilities. Loss from essay other activities from benefit Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B), box 2. Losses from the visitor Ponzi-type investment schemes. Repayments of more than $3,000 under a claim of right. Unrecovered investment in cost benefit research paper, an annuity.
Amortizable Premium on Taxable Bonds. In general, if the essays, amount you pay for a bond is greater than its stated principal amount, the excess is bond premium. You can elect to amortize the premium on taxable bonds. The amortization of the cost, premium is generally an offset to interest income on the bond rather than a separate deduction item. Pre-1998 election to amortize bond premium. Generally, if you first elected to amortize bond premium before 1998, the above treatment of the essay, premium doesn't apply to bonds you acquired before 1988. Bonds acquired after October 22, 1986, and before 1988.
The amortization of the premium on these bonds is investment interest expense subject to the investment interest limit, unless you chose to treat it as an offset to interest income on the bond. Bonds acquired before October 23, 1986. The amortization of the benefit analysis, premium on these bonds is a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2% limit. Deduction for excess premium. On certain bonds (such as bonds that pay a variable rate of essays on mental interest or that provide for an interest-free period), the amount of bond premium allocable to a period may exceed the amount of stated interest allocable to the period. If this occurs, treat the excess as a miscellaneous itemized deduction that isn't subject to the 2% limit. However, the amount deductible is limited to the amount by which your total interest inclusions on benefit analysis paper the bond in prior periods exceed the total amount you treated as a bond premium deduction on the bond in prior periods. If any of the excess bond premium can't be deducted because of the limit, this amount is carried forward to the next period and is treated as bond premium allocable to that period.
Pre-1998 choice to amortize bond premium. If you made the choice to amortize the premium on taxable bonds before 1998, you can deduct the bond premium amortization that is more than your interest income only for bonds acquired during 1998 and later years. For more information on bond premium, see Bond Premium Amortization in chapter 3 of Pub. 550. Casualty and Theft Losses of Income-Producing Property. You can deduct a casualty or theft loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2% limit if the german essay writing phrases, damaged or stolen property was income-producing property (property held for investment, such as stocks, notes, bonds, gold, silver, vacant lots, and cost benefit research works of art). Essay Writing. First report the loss in research paper, Section B of Form 4684. You may also have to include the loss on Form 4797, Sales of write Business Property, if you are otherwise required to file that form.
To figure your deduction, add all casualty or theft losses from this type of property included on Form 4684, lines 32 and 38b, or Form 4797, line 18a. For more information on casualty and theft losses, see Pub. 547. Federal Estate Tax on Income in Respect of cost benefit paper a Decedent. You can deduct the federal estate tax attributable to navy essay income in cost benefit analysis research, respect of a decedent that you as a beneficiary include in your gross income.
Income in respect of the decedent is gross income that the decedent would have received had death not occurred and that wasn't properly includible in the decedent's final income tax return. See Pub. 559 for information about figuring the amount of the visitor essay this deduction. Gambling Losses Up to the Amount of Gambling Winnings. You must report the full amount of your gambling winnings for the year on Form 1040, line 21. You deduct your gambling losses for analysis research the year on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28.
You can't deduct gambling losses that are more than your winnings. Generally, nonresident aliens can't deduct gambling losses on Schedule A (Form 1040NR). You can't reduce your gambling winnings by your gambling losses and report the difference. You must report the full amount of your winnings as income and claim your losses (up to the amount of winnings) as an itemized deduction. Therefore, your records should show your winnings separately from your losses.
Diary of winnings and navy essay losses. Research. You must keep an accurate diary or similar record of han dynasty essay your losses and winnings. Your diary should contain at least the following information. The date and type of your specific wager or wagering activity. The name and address or location of the gambling establishment. The names of other persons present with you at research the gambling establishment. The amount(s) you won or lost. Proof of winnings and losses. In addition to essay your diary, you should also have other documentation.
You can generally prove your winnings and losses through Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings; Form 5754, Statement by benefit analysis research, Person(s) Receiving Gambling Winnings; wagering tickets; canceled checks; substitute checks; credit records; bank withdrawals; and statements of actual winnings or payment slips provided to you by the gambling establishment. For specific wagering transactions, you can use the following items to support your winnings and losses. These recordkeeping suggestions are intended as general guidelines to help you establish your winnings and losses. They aren't all-inclusive. Your tax liability depends on your particular facts and essay circumstances. Copies of the keno tickets you purchased that were validated by the gambling establishment, copies of your casino credit records, and copies of your casino check cashing records. A record of the machine number and all winnings by date and time the machine was played. Table games (twenty-one (blackjack), craps, poker, baccarat, roulette, wheel of fortune, etc.). The number of the table at benefit which you were playing.
Casino credit card data indicating whether the credit was issued in roman essay, the pit or at cost research paper the cashier's cage. A record of the the visitor essay, number of games played, cost of tickets purchased, and amounts collected on winning tickets. Supplemental records include any receipts from the casino, parlor, etc. A record of the races, amounts of wagers, amounts collected on winning tickets, and amounts lost on losing tickets. Supplemental records include unredeemed tickets and payment records from the racetrack. A record of benefit analysis paper ticket purchases, dates, winnings, and losses. Supplemental records include unredeemed tickets, payment slips, and essay winnings statements. If you have a physical or mental disability that limits your being employed, or substantially limits one or more of your major life activities, such as performing manual tasks, walking, speaking, breathing, learning, and working, you can deduct your impairment-related work expenses.
Impairment-related work expenses are ordinary and necessary business expenses for attendant care services at cost benefit your place of work and other expenses in german essay, connection with your place of cost paper work that are necessary for you to be able to work. You are blind. You must use a reader to how to a concept do your work. You use the reader both during your regular working hours at your place of work and outside your regular working hours away from cost analysis your place of retardation work. The reader's services are only for your work.
You can deduct your expenses for the reader as impairment-related work expenses. If you are self-employed, enter your impairment-related work expenses on the appropriate form (Schedule C, C-EZ, E, or F) used to report your business income and expenses. Loss From Other Activities From Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B), Box 2. If the amount reported in Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B), box 2, is a loss, report it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 14 (only if effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business). It isn't subject to the passive activity limitations. If you are a fee-basis official, you can claim your expenses in performing services in cost paper, that job as an adjustment to income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. See Pub. 463 for more information. If you are a qualified performing artist, you can deduct your employee business expenses as an adjustment to german writing income rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. If you are an employee, complete Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ.
See Pub. 463 for more information. Losses From Ponzi-type Investment Schemes. These losses are deductible as theft losses of income-producing property on your tax return for the year the loss was discovered. You figure the deductible loss in Section B of cost Form 4684. However, if you qualify to use Revenue Procedure 2009-20 (as modified by Revenue Procedure 2011-58) and you choose to follow the procedures in my math homework, the guidance, complete Section C of Form 4684 before completing Section B. Section C of benefit analysis research paper Form 4684 replaces Appendix A in how to write a concept, Revenue Procedure 2009-20. You don't need to complete Appendix A. See the Form 4684 instructions and Pub. 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts, for more information. If you had to repay more than $3,000 that you included in your income in an earlier year because at the time you thought you had an unrestricted right to cost benefit analysis paper it, you may be able to deduct the amount you repaid, or take a credit against your tax.
See Repayments in Pub. 525 for write more information. Unrecovered Investment in Annuity. A retiree who contributed to the cost of an annuity can exclude from cost research paper income a part of each payment received as a tax-free return of the retiree's investment. If the retiree dies before the entire investment is recovered tax free, any unrecovered investment can be deducted on navy essay the retiree's final income tax return. See Pub. 575, Pension and Annuity Income, for more information about the tax treatment of pensions and annuities. You can't deduct the following expenses. Burial or funeral expenses, including the cost of cost benefit analysis a cemetery lot. Fees and licenses, such as car licenses, marriage licenses, and dog tags.
Fines and write a concept penalties, such as parking tickets. Health spa expenses. Home repairs, insurance, and rent. Home security system. Illegal bribes and kickbacks—see Bribes and kickbacks in chapter 11 of Pub.
535. Life insurance premiums paid by the insured. Losses from the sale of your home, furniture, personal car, etc. Lost or misplaced cash or property. Lunches with co-workers. Meals while working late. Medical expenses as business expenses other than medical examinations required by paper, your employer. Personal disability insurance premiums. Personal legal expenses. Personal, living, or family expenses.
Professional accreditation fees. Professional reputation, expenses to improve. Relief fund contributions. Residential telephone line. Stockholders' meeting, expenses of navy essay attending. Tax-exempt income, expenses of earning or collecting.
The value of wages never received or lost vacation time. Travel expenses for cost benefit paper another individual. Voluntary unemployment benefit fund contributions. You can't deduct the essays on mental, expenses of cost benefit analysis research adopting a child but you may be able to take a credit for those expenses. For details, see Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses. Commissions paid on the purchase of securities aren't deductible, either as business or nonbusiness expenses. Instead, these fees must be added to the taxpayer's cost of the han dynasty roman, securities.
Commissions paid on the sale are deductible as business expenses only by dealers. You can't deduct campaign expenses of cost benefit analysis a candidate for any office, even if the candidate is running for reelection to the office. These include qualification and registration fees for primary elections. You can't deduct legal fees paid to defend charges that arise from participation in essays on mental retardation, a political campaign. You can't currently deduct amounts paid to cost benefit analysis research buy property that has a useful life substantially beyond the tax year or amounts paid to increase the value or prolong the life of property. If you use such property in your work, you may be able to take a depreciation deduction. See Pub. 946. My Math Homework. If the property is cost analysis research paper, a car used in your work, also see Pub. 463. Check-Writing Fees on Personal Account.
If you have a personal checking account, you can't deduct fees charged by the bank for the privilege of writing checks, even if the account pays interest. Generally, you can't deduct the han dynasty roman empire, cost of membership in any club organized for cost analysis research business, pleasure, recreation, or other social purpose. This includes business, social, athletic, luncheon, sporting, airline, hotel, golf, and country clubs. You can't deduct dues paid to an organization if one of its main purposes is to: Conduct entertainment activities for members or their guests, or. Provide members or their guests with access to entertainment facilities. Dues paid to airline, hotel, and the visitor luncheon clubs aren't deductible. You can't deduct commuting expenses (the cost of transportation between your home and paper your main or regular place of work). If you haul tools, instruments, or other items in your car to answer homework and from work, you can deduct only the additional cost of hauling the items, such as the rent on analysis research paper a trailer to carry the items. You can't deduct fines or penalties you pay to a governmental unit for violating a law. This includes an write essay, amount paid in settlement of your actual or potential liability for a fine or penalty (civil or criminal).
Fines or penalties include parking tickets, tax penalties, and penalties deducted from teachers' paychecks after an illegal strike. You can't deduct health spa expenses, even if there is a job requirement to cost benefit research paper stay in excellent physical condition, such as might be required of a law enforcement officer. You can't deduct the cost of a home security system as a miscellaneous deduction. Write A Concept Essay. However, you may be able to claim a deduction for a home security system as a business expense if you have a home office. See Home Office under Unreimbursed Employee Expenses, earlier, and Pub. 587. You can't deduct any expenses for attending a convention, seminar, or similar meeting for investment purposes. You can't deduct premiums you pay on cost analysis paper your life insurance. You may be able to deduct, as alimony, premiums you pay on life insurance policies assigned to german writing your former spouse. Benefit Paper. See Pub.
504, Divorced or Separated Individuals, for information on alimony. You generally can't deduct amounts paid or incurred for lobbying expenses. These include expenses to: Participate, or intervene, in any political campaign for, or against, any candidate for public office, Attempt to influence the write a concept, general public, or segments of the public, about elections, legislative matters, or referendums, or. Communicate directly with covered executive branch officials in any attempt to analysis paper influence the official actions or positions of navy essay those officials. Lobbying expenses also include any amounts paid or incurred for research, preparation, planning, or coordination of any of these activities. Covered executive branch official. A covered executive branch official, for the purpose of (4) above, is any of the following officials. The Vice President. Any officer or employee of the White House Office of the Executive Office of the cost benefit research paper, President, and the two most senior level officers of each of the how to a concept, other agencies in the Executive Office.
Any individual serving in cost benefit analysis research, a position in Level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of how to a concept essay Title 5, United States Code, any other individual designated by the President as having Cabinet-level status, and any immediate deputy of one of these individuals. If a tax-exempt organization notifies you that part of the dues or other amounts you pay to the organization are used to benefit analysis pay nondeductible lobbying expenses, you can't deduct that part. You can deduct certain lobbying expenses if they are ordinary and necessary expenses of carrying on your trade or business. You can deduct expenses for attempting to influence the legislation of any local council or similar governing body (local legislation). German Writing. An Indian tribal government is considered a local council or similar governing body. You can deduct in-house expenses for influencing legislation or communicating directly with a covered executive branch official if the cost benefit, expenses for the tax year aren't more than $2,000 (not counting overhead expenses). If you are a professional lobbyist, you can deduct the expenses you incur in the trade or business of lobbying on behalf of another person.
Payments by the other person to you for lobbying activities can't be deducted. You can't deduct a loss based on the mere disappearance of money or property. However, an navy essay, accidental loss or disappearance of property can qualify as a casualty if it results from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. See Pub. 547. A car door is accidentally slammed on your hand, breaking the setting of your diamond ring. The diamond falls from the ring and is never found. The loss of the diamond is a casualty. You can't deduct the expenses of cost benefit analysis research paper lunches with co-workers, except while traveling away from home on business. See Pub. 463 for information on deductible expenses while traveling away from home.
You can't deduct the cost of meals while working late. However, you may be able to claim a deduction if the cost of the on mental, meals is analysis research paper, a deductible entertainment expense, or if you are traveling away from home. See Pub. 463 for answer information on deductible entertainment expenses and benefit analysis research expenses while traveling away from home. You can't deduct personal legal expenses such as those for essay the following.
Custody of children. Breach of promise to marry suit. Civil or criminal charges resulting from a personal relationship. Damages for personal injury (except certain whistleblower claims and unlawful discrimination claims). For more information about cost analysis research paper, unlawful discrimination claims, see Deductions Subject to han dynasty empire essay the 2% Limit, earlier. Preparation of a title (or defense or perfection of a title). Preparation of a will. Property claims or property settlement in cost analysis, a divorce. You can't deduct these expenses even if a result of the legal proceeding is the loss of income-producing property.
You can't deduct contributions made to a political candidate, a campaign committee, or a newsletter fund. Advertisements in convention bulletins and write a concept admissions to dinners or programs that benefit a political party or political candidate aren't deductible. You can't deduct professional accreditation fees such as the following. Accounting certificate fees paid for the initial right to cost analysis paper practice accounting. Bar exam fees and incidental expenses in securing initial admission to the bar. Medical and dental license fees paid to navy essay get initial licensing. You can't deduct expenses of radio and TV appearances to increase your personal prestige or establish your professional reputation.
You can't deduct contributions paid to a private plan that pays benefits to any covered employee who can't work because of any injury or illness not related to the job. You can't deduct any charge (including taxes) for basic local telephone service for the first telephone line to your residence, even if it is used in cost benefit research paper, a trade or business. You can't deduct transportation and other expenses you pay to attend stockholders' meetings of on mental retardation companies in cost benefit analysis research, which you own stock but have no other interest. Han Dynasty Roman Empire. You can't deduct these expenses even if you are attending the meeting to benefit research get information that would be useful in making further investments. You can't deduct expenses to produce tax-exempt income. You can't deduct interest on a debt incurred or continued to retardation buy or carry tax-exempt securities.
If you have expenses to produce both taxable and tax-exempt income, but you can't identify the expenses that produce each type of income, you must divide the expenses based on the amount of benefit analysis paper each type of income to determine the amount that you can deduct. During the year, you received taxable interest of essay $4,800 and tax-exempt interest of $1,200. In earning this income, you had total expenses of $500 during the year. Benefit Analysis. You can't identify the amount of each expense item that is for each income item. Therefore, 80% ($4,800/$6,000) of the han dynasty roman empire essay, expense is for the taxable interest and 20% ($1,200/$6,000) is for the tax-exempt interest.
You can deduct, subject to the 2% limit, expenses of cost benefit paper $400 (80% of essay $500). Travel Expenses for Another Individual. You generally can't deduct travel expenses you pay or incur for a spouse, dependent, or other individual who accompanies you (or your employee) on cost benefit paper personal or business travel unless the spouse, dependent, or other individual is an on mental retardation, employee of the taxpayer, the travel is for a bona fide business purpose, and such expenses would otherwise be deductible by the spouse, dependent, or other individual. See Pub. 463 for analysis research more information on deductible travel expenses. Voluntary Unemployment Benefit Fund Contributions. You can't deduct voluntary unemployment benefit fund contributions you make to a union fund or a private fund. However, you can deduct contributions as taxes if state law requires you to make them to a state unemployment fund that covers you for the loss of wages from unemployment caused by answer, business conditions. You can't deduct the cost of a wristwatch, even if there is a job requirement that you know the correct time to properly perform your duties. You must itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040NR) to benefit analysis research paper claim miscellaneous deductions.
Report your miscellaneous deductions subject to the 2% limit on writing phrases lines 21 through 23 and the total on. line 24 for Form 1040, or lines 7 through 9 and the total on line 10 for Form 1040NR. Report your miscellaneous deductions not subject to the 2% limit on line 28 for analysis paper Form 1040, or line 14 for Form 1040NR. See Instructions for how to a concept Schedule A in your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR instruction booklet for more information. If you have deductible employee business expenses, you usually must file either Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ. You must file Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ if any of the following applies to you. You are a qualified performing artist claiming performing-artist-related expenses.
You are a fee-basis state or local government official claiming expenses in performing that job. You are an individual with a disability and are claiming impairment-related work expenses. Analysis Research. See Impairment-related work expenses , later. You have travel expenses as a member of the Armed Forces reserves that you can deduct as an answer my math homework, adjustment to gross income. You are claiming job-related vehicle, travel, transportation, meal, or entertainment expenses. This doesn't apply if either of the cost benefit analysis paper, following is true. None of your expenses are deductible because of the retardation, 2% limit on miscellaneous itemized deductions.
Your only cost benefit research paper, entry on Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ is on line 4. If this is true and (a) above isn't true, enter the expenses directly on empire essay Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), You can use the shorter Form 2106-EZ instead of Form 2106 if both of the following apply. You aren't reimbursed by your employer for any expenses. (Amounts your employer included as wages on cost research paper your Form W-2, box 1, aren't considered reimbursements.) You aren't claiming vehicle expense, or. You are using the standard mileage rate for your vehicle.
If you have reserve-related travel that takes you more than 100 miles from home, you should first complete Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ. See Pub. 463 for more information. Use Part V of Form 4562, Depreciation and Amortization, to claim the depreciation deduction for a computer that you didn't use only in your home office. German Phrases. Complete Form 4562, Part I, if you are claiming a section 179 deduction. Cost Analysis Research. However, if you file Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ, claim your depreciation deduction on that form and not on Form 4562.
Use Form 4562, Part III, to claim the depreciation deduction for essay a computer you placed in service during 2016 and used only in your home office. Complete Form 4562, Part I, if you are claiming a section 179 deduction. Don't use Form 4562 to benefit analysis paper claim the navy essay, depreciation deduction for analysis a computer you placed in service before 2016 and the visitor used only in your home office, unless you are otherwise required to file Form 4562. Instead, report the benefit research, depreciation directly on the appropriate form. But if you are otherwise required to file Form 4562, report the depreciation in navy essay, Part III, line 17.
Impairment-related work expenses. If you are an employee, you enter impairment-related work expenses on research paper Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ. German Essay Phrases. Enter on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 14, that part of the amount on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, that is related to your impairment. Cost Analysis Research. Enter the amount that is unrelated to your impairment on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 7. If you are self-employed, enter your impairment-related work expenses on on mental the appropriate Form (Schedule C, C-EZ, E, or F) used to report your business income and expenses. Deduct expenses of preparing tax schedules relating to profit or loss from cost benefit research paper business (Schedule C or C-EZ), rentals or royalties (Schedule E), or farm income and expenses (Schedule F) on the appropriate schedule. Deduct expenses of preparing the remainder of the return on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 22, or Form 1040NR, Schedule A, line 8. Debra Smith is employed as a salesperson. She isn't a statutory employee. Her adjusted gross income is $40,000, and essays she didn't receive any reimbursement for her expenses. She has the cost research, following qualifying miscellaneous deductions:
Of Debra's deductions, only gambling losses aren't subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. She enters the how to a concept essay, gambling losses on Schedule A, line 28. The other items are subject to the 2% limit and cost benefit analysis paper are shown on navy essay Schedule A, lines 21, 22, and 23. Debra completes Form 2106-EZ, Part I. She enters the transportation expenses of $500 on line 2. Cost Benefit Analysis Research Paper. The home office expenses of $1,100 are entered on line 4. The entertainment expenses of $500 are subject to the 50% limit and are entered on line 5. She then completes the on mental, rest of the form. The total expenses of $1,850, shown on line 6, are entered on Schedule A, line 21.
Debra's expenses for tax return preparation are entered on Schedule A, line 22. Her expenses for investment counseling are entered on line 23. She then totals the cost benefit analysis research paper, amounts on the visitor essay lines 21, 22, and 23 and enters this total of $2,350 on cost benefit analysis paper line 24. She enters $40,000, her adjusted gross income, on line 25. How To Write Essay. She multiplies this amount by benefit analysis paper, 2% (.02) and enters the result of $800 on line 26. She subtracts the amount on how to write essay line 26 from the amount on line 24 and enters $1,550, her allowable deduction, on line 27. If you have questions about a tax issue, need help preparing your tax return, or want to download free publications, forms, or instructions, go to IRS.gov and find resources that can help you right away. Preparing and filing your tax return. Find free options to prepare and file your return on cost benefit analysis research IRS.gov or in your local community if you qualify. The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to essay people who generally make $54,000 or less, persons with disabilities, the elderly, and limited-English-speaking taxpayers who need help preparing their own tax returns.
The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program offers free tax help for all taxpayers, particularly those who are 60 years of age and older. TCE volunteers specialize in answering questions about pensions and retirement-related issues unique to seniors. You can go to IRS.gov and click on the Filing tab to see your options for cost benefit paper preparing and filing your return which include the how to essay, following. Free File. Go to IRS.gov/freefile. See if you qualify to use brand-name software to prepare and e-file your federal tax return for cost benefit research paper free. VITA. Go to IRS.gov/vita, download the retardation, free IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887 to find the nearest VITA location for cost paper free tax preparation. TCE.
Go to IRS.gov/tce, download the essay phrases, free IRS2Go app, or call 1-888-227-7669 to cost benefit analysis paper find the nearest TCE location for free tax preparation. Getting answers to your tax law questions. On IRS.gov get answers to your tax questions anytime, anywhere. Go to IRS.gov/help or IRS.gov/letushelp pages for navy essay a variety of tools that will help you get answers to some of the most common tax questions. Go to IRS.gov/ita for the Interactive Tax Assistant, a tool that will ask you questions on a number of tax law topics and provide answers. You can print the cost analysis, entire interview and the final response for your records. Go to IRS.gov/pub17 to get Pub. 17, Your Federal Income Tax for Individuals, which features details on essay tax-saving opportunities, 2016 tax changes, and thousands of interactive links to help you find answers to your questions. Benefit Paper. View it online in essay, HTML or as a PDF or, better yet, download it to your mobile device to analysis research enjoy eBook features. You may also be able to essay writing access tax law information in cost analysis, your electronic filing software.
Getting tax forms and how to write publications. Go to IRS.gov/forms to view, download, or print all of the forms and publications you may need. You can also download and view popular tax publications and instructions (including the 1040 instructions) on mobile devices as an eBook at no charge. Or, you can go to benefit analysis research paper IRS.gov/orderforms to place an order and have forms mailed to you within 10 business days. The fastest way to receive a tax refund is to combine direct deposit and IRS e-file . Direct deposit securely and electronically transfers your refund directly into your financial account.
Eight in 10 taxpayers use direct deposit to receive their refund. IRS issues more than 90% of refunds in less than 21 days. Delayed refund for returns claiming certain credits. Due to how to a concept changes in the law, the cost analysis research, IRS can’t issue refunds before February 15, 2017, for returns that claim the phrases, earned income credit (EIC) or the additional child tax credit (ACTC). This applies to the entire refund, not just the cost benefit, portion associated with these credits. Getting a transcript or copy of a return.
The quickest way to get a copy of your tax transcript is to go to IRS.gov/transcripts. Click on either Get Transcript Online or Get Transcript by Mail to order a copy of your transcript. If you prefer, you can: Order your transcript by calling 1-800-908-9946. Mail Form 4506-T or Form 4506T-EZ (both available on IRS.gov).
Using online tools to help prepare your return. Go to IRS.gov/tools for the following. The Online EIN Application (IRS.gov/ein) helps you get an employer identification number. The IRS Withholding Calculator (IRS.gov/w4app) estimates the amount you should have withheld from your paycheck for federal income tax purposes. The First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up (IRS.gov/homebuyer) tool provides information on your repayments and account balance. The Sales Tax Deduction Calculator (IRS.gov/salestax) figures the amount you can claim if you itemize deductions on how to a concept Schedule A (Form 1040), choose not to claim state and cost benefit research local income taxes, and essays on mental you didn’t save your receipts showing the sales tax you paid. Resolving tax-related identity theft issues. The IRS doesn’t initiate contact with taxpayers by email or telephone to request personal or financial information. This includes any type of benefit research electronic communication, such as text messages and social media channels. Go to answer homework IRS.gov/idprotection for information and videos. If your SSN has been lost or stolen or you suspect you are a victim of tax-related identity theft, visit IRS.gov/id to learn what steps you should take.
Checking on the status of your refund. Due to changes in the law, the cost analysis paper, IRS can’t issue refunds before February 15, 2017, for returns that claim the answer my math, EIC or the ACTC. This applies to the entire refund, not just the portion associated with these credits. Download the official IRS2Go app to your mobile device to check your refund status. Call the automated refund hotline at 1-800-829-1954.
The IRS uses the latest encryption technology to ensure your electronic payments are safe and secure. You can make electronic payments online, by phone, and from a mobile device using the IRS2Go app. Paying electronically is quick, easy, and faster than mailing in a check or money order. Go to IRS.gov/payments to make a payment using any of the following options. IRS Direct Pay: Pay your individual tax bill or estimated tax payment directly from your checking or savings account at no cost to you. Debit or credit card: Choose an approved payment processor to cost research pay online, by phone, and by mobile device. Electronic Funds Withdrawal: Offered only essays, when filing your federal taxes using tax preparation software or through a tax professional. Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: Best option for businesses.
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Taxpayers can find information on IRS.gov in the following languages. The IRS TACs provide over-the-phone interpreter service in over 170 languages, and the service is available free to paper taxpayers. The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here To Help You. What is the Taxpayer Advocate Service? The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is an independent organization within the IRS that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and answer my math understand your rights under the Taxpayer Bill of cost Rights. What Can the Taxpayer Advocate Service Do For You? We can help you resolve problems that you can’t resolve with the IRS.
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Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development Essay. Research indicates that traumatic childhood experiences, such as abuse, increase the risk for different cognitive development disorders that effect learning, memory, and consciousness. Statistics show that no one age, gender, or ethnic group is excluded. Cost Research! Cognitive development that is affected includes depression, learning disorders, developmental disorders, attachment disorders and PTSD. Patterns of attachment affect the quality of information processing throughout the individual’s life. With this evidence, it is imperative to how to a concept have programs available that focus on prevention for parents and children. There are outside management courses, substance abuse classes, school based educational programs, required registration of offenders, and background checks. Treatment strategies for children are also important and should include establishing safety, dealing with the trauma, and positive self-assessment therapy, and counseling for functional impairment. Abuse increases the risk for suppressed cognitive development. Maltreatment comes in many forms: physical, sexual, psychological, neglect, and even abuse from peers. Current studies only benefit analysis paper, focus on abuse from guardians.
However, peer abuse exists as and does have a psychological effect on cognitive development (Ambert, 1994). Young children, still “embedded” in the present do not have the ability to see themselves a part of the bigger picture. The se themselves as the center of the universe and everything that happens is retardation directly related to their own sensation. Development consists of learning to master those experiences and to learn to encounter the present as part of one’s personal experience over time. Piaget called this ”decentration”: moving from being one’s reflexes, movements and sensations to having them. The age at which the abuse occurs can impact the learning and development leading to mental disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and analysis research, attachment issues. Because of the results, help programs and education need to be in place for parents, abusers and children of abuse. For example, van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Penninx, and Elzinga (2010) did a study on how childhood abuse affects cognitive disorders. The Implicit Association Test was used to evaluate depression and anxiety, although it has been shown to retardation also impact learning and benefit research paper, development and PTSD. Participants were asked questions in order to obtain self-reports in this study of depression and han dynasty roman essay, anxiety. It was found that childhood abuse leads to a higher self-depression ad self-anxiety view.
From this study it is clear that abuse affects cognitive function. According to Feldman (2011), cognitive development is the way that an individual grows and changes and the change in their intellectual capabilities can influence one’s behavior and learning abilities. Different cognitive development happens in cost paper different stages throughout an answer individual’s life. These stages include: Infancy and toddlerhood (age birth to three years) children learning to cost analysis paper sit, crawl, and walk, memory functions begin, visual recognition, and language development are present. During the preschool period (age three to six years) growth and muscular development carry on, neural interconnects grow and develop, memory functions grows, fine and gross motor skills become more refined so preschoolers can catch, throw, run, use silverware, and answer, tie their shoes. During middle childhood (age six to twelve years) growth of body and cost benefit research, brain function continues still. Gross motor functions develop to han dynasty essay include biking, swimming, and skating. Increased fine motor skills include writing, typing, zipping, and buttoning. Benefit Analysis! During adolescence (twelve years to twenty years), growth of body and neurological functioning continue and sexual characteristics develop. During young adult (age twenty to forty years) there is a peak in physical capabilities (strength, coordination, and reaction time), brain function continues to grow, stress can be a health threat (Feldman, 2011). Depending on navy essay the age the abuse occurs can affect each individual’s cognitive development to include but not limited to disorders like depression, anxiety, learning and memory disorders, PTSD, and attachment disorders.
According to benefit research the definition given by Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley, depression is the emotional state that is characterized by extraordinary sadness. Since 1967, Aaron Beck has provided us with a model of writing phrases, his theory on depression. Beck’s diathesis-stress theory suggests that depression leads back to benefit analysis research a dysfunctional formation early on, which left the individual vulnerable to depression if encountered with stressors (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). Butcher, Mineka, and Hooly (2010) discuss that according to Beck the parent or guardian are responsible for providing the german child or adolescent’s schema. Cost Analysis Research Paper! These may lie dormant until activated by a critical incident. It then triggers automatic negative thoughts that lead to depression. Reports of child abuse have suggested an increase in negative self-worth, negative self-attitudes, and negative self-associations. On Mental Retardation! They tend to get caught up in a negative mood, which leads to depression (van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhover, Penninx, and Elzing, 2010). A learning disorder is a term that refers to a delayed development.
It may be with speech, mathematics, reading, memory, or motor skills. Analysis Research! Poor motor function and memory are associated with the ability to learn and functioning a school setting. Contributions to exploring the relationship of cognitive development and learning are growing. According to the studies done by Giesbrecht and Merckelbach (2012) some victims of abuse tend to compartmentalize their trauma. Han Dynasty! While research shows that some learning disabilities are hereditary, other studies have shown the impact that abuse has on the ability to learn and retain information. Learning disabilities are the cost benefit research products of delicate central nervous system impairments. These learning disabilities are the consequence of immaturity, deficiency, or dysregulation partial to those cognitive skills that are in essay writing normal brain functions (Legano, McHough, and Palusci, 2009). In addition, there is a positive correlation between abuse and cognitive failures from Broadbent, Cooper, Fitzgerald, and Parkes’s Cognitive Failures Questionnaire that measures everyday lapses and errors.
There has been a major change in the way one is diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is research a severe and chronic condition, which is navy essay no longer conceptualized as a normal response to and abnormal stressor but rather a pathological response to an extreme form of stress (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). There may be a bidirectional and cost analysis research paper, temporal relationship between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the hippocampus and neuropsychological functioning in the structural and functional part of the brain. These may either precede the development of essays, PTSD or emerge after the onset of PTSD (Gould, Clarke, Heim, Harver, Majer, and Nemeroff, 2012). Benefit Research Paper! Those that have been sexually abused have long-term mental and emotional suffering that lingers.
They are likely to have feelings of anxiety, depression, anger, and low self-esteem and are more likely to suffer PTSD (Milner and William, 1995). These can impact marriages and other close relationships. Research by the visitor, DeBellis, Hooper, Woolley, and cost benefit analysis, Shenk (2009) pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower visual memory, developmental trauma, anxiety and can lead to problems with adult PTSD. A cognitive treatment for PTSD is to roman vividly recount the traumatic event over and over until there is a decrease in the emotional responses. Analysis Research Paper! One other important aspect of a child’s development is their form of attachment. Homework! This begins within the home and with the guardian. According to benefit research Ainsworth, there are four classifications of infant attachment that can have an the visitor impact on the child’s future. Cost Benefit Paper! A secure attachment is where the mother is a confident base when she is in attendance. As soon as she leaves the child is obviously upset and immediately goes to her upon return.
The avoidant attachment is a style in which the child does not seek closeness to the mother and seems to avoid her upon on mental arrival. The ambivalent attachment is an attachment in which the cost benefit analysis child shows varied reactions. They cry when she leaves but upon return they kick and hit her. Last is the disorganized-disoriented attachment. The Visitor! This style shows contradictory behavior. Cost Research! They will not look at navy essay the mother upon arrival. These seem to be the most negatively attached children (Feldman, 2011). Infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents are more likely to develop negative attachments if abused.
Separation anxiety seems to be the biggest problem of individuals that have been abused (Barth, 2009). According to Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley (2010), early victims of rejection and abuse have damaging effects on a person’s worldview. They also suggest that a parent-child relationship is bidirectional. Some children are easier to love than others based on their temperaments while the cost analysis guardian’s mental stability affects the attachment relationship. The type of attachment formed correlates to the type of parenting style. The different parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful.
According to Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley (2010), the authoritative parent is high on warmth and moderate on control. Research shows that children of authoritative parents tend to be friendly and confident. The Authoritarian parent is low on warmth and high on control Research shows that children of the authoritarian parent can be conflicted and moody. These adolescents usually have more negative outcomes especially with social anc cognitive skills. Next, the roman essay permissive parent is high on warmth but low on discipline. Studies indicate that children of permissive parents are impulsive and benefit paper, aggressive. They are often. selfish and demanding. Last, the neglectful parent is low on warmth and low on control. Children of answer my math, neglectful parents are moody with a low self esteem. They have conduct and analysis research paper, peer problems.
They also reflect poor academics. Researchers have shown that providing structure and guidance while allowing a sense of control and freedom gives the child a more positive attachment (Butcher, Mineka, and the visitor, Hooley, 2010). Thus negative parenting styles can have an overwhelming effect on an individual’s ability to cope with later challenges. Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explored the negative cognitive scars of abuse. Research Paper! The study dated from 2004-2007, which consisted of participants in answer the regular general population and those of benefit research paper, mental care institutes at the visitor different stages of psychopathology. The ethical review board of the University Medical Center in Amsterdam approved it.
Adults were between ages 18 and 65, had a past or present depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and/or social disorder. There were a total of 2981 participants (age M=41.9, SD=13.0). The DSM-IV was used as the diagnostic measure and past childhood abuse was measured by self-report and with the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Childhood abuse was assed by utilizing the Nemesis trauma interview which asks participants whether they and experienced emotional, physical, and/or sexual abuse prior to the age of sixteen. Answers were recorded. Computation came from subtraction of the mean rating of anxiousness from the mean rating of calm on the IAT-stimuli.
A written consent was obtained after reviewing the study to the participants. The findings in the study of Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explain that, when compared to the no abused group, abused individuals have a stronger depression, higher anxiety, and a lower self-esteem when compared to non-abused individuals. There was not a difference in age or education. However, females showed a higher effect of cost analysis, negative self-associations although both genders are affected by maltreatment. The study also showed a higher significance in correlation to sexually abused participants versus physically abused participants. Cognitive emotional maltreatment is related to the negative self-associations and development that individuals face.
The study suggests that the longer that children are exposed to any form of maltreatment, the more likely they are to develop damaging cognitive schemas which lead to cognitive disorders (Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga, 2010. According to a recent study (Child Maltreatment, 2010) over 3 million children are abused or neglected in german writing the United States each year. 8.7 million of the nations children or 1 in 7 have been maltreated. This could be mentally, physically, or sexually. Seventy five percent of all perpetrators are between the ages twenty and thirty nine. Studies have also shown that abused children are more likely to abuse substances (Wulczyn, 2009). There are certain reasons that increase the likelihood of abuse.
These include family that bring in an annual income of analysis research paper, under $15,000, presence of drug or alcohol addiction, the cycle of past abuse or cycle of answer my math, violence hypothesis, stressful environments, high marital conflict, single parent families, and cost benefit paper, families that have more than four children. Han Dynasty Empire Essay! Incest happens in cost benefit research paper more wealthy families (Feldman, 2011). In addition, children that already have certain risk factors such as learning disabilities, behavior problems, visual or hearing impairments, or other medical problems can increase the essay possibility of cost benefit, abuse (Child Maltreatment, 2010). The consequence of early abuse may carry on into adolescence and even the early stages of adulthood. The results of this study make it clear that the United State needs to how to a concept make sure that there are prevention programs, community management programs, and counseling programs all with the correct education and proper training. Wulczyn (2009) shows how prevention programs offer a chance to minimize the effects of maltreatment on the developing child, but many, if not most, jurisdictions lack the infrastructure to do so within the cost analysis paper traditional child welfare system.
Home visiting programs aim to prevent child abuse by providing knowledge, belief in abusing parenting, empathy, sensitive, responsive parenting, and the ability to empire essay provide a safe and stimulating home environments (Wulczyn, 2009). Barth (2009) describes a triple P-Positive parenting program to help parents deal with issues. Cost Analysis Research! This includes five levels of intervention 1. A media campaign that informs parents about the visitor essay, issues and gets them involved 2. Targets an individual topic at a time such as toilet training or bedtime. Parents would be in direct contact with a trainer. 3. Helps parents concerned with their child’s development and attend brief programs to learn how to manage certain behaviors.
4. Cost! This is for parents of children with more severe problems like aggression or behavior issues. They are given certain skills along with contact with a primary care physician. Last is level 5. The Visitor! This is for parents of dysfunctional families with behavior problems. They attend eleven 1-hour sessions and practitioners conduct home visits to ensure the skill being thought are being used. The biggest question of how to prevent sexual abuse remains unanswered. Benefit Research! There are numerous signs and prior efforts have been useful but new methods still need to be further explored and researched. On Mental! Finklehor (2009) suggest that offender management and cost benefit analysis paper, school-based programs should be necessary to help regulate sexual abuse.
Registering sex offenders, notifying communities about their presence, background checks, controlling where they can live, and navy essay, longer prison terms. Finklehor (2009) continues to say that one third of the offenders are juveniles which is why there is benefit analysis paper such a need for school based programs as well. A Concept! This will help to teach students the skills necessary to identify dangerous situations. Abused children will demonstrate different behaviors once removed temporarily from the home and cost benefit analysis, placed in a therapeutic environment (Ambert, 1994). In addition to german essay writing providing services, sometimes a temporary removal needs to be entertained until the cost benefit analysis research family dynamics can be evaluated. Empire Essay! Until recently, no study actually showed that participation in a prevention program resulted in reduced rates of sexual abuse for participants (Legano, McHugh, Palusci).
It is important for counselors or facilitators of programs to have an understanding of screenings, treatment evaluations, and treatment planning (Milner and research, Murphy, 1995). There needs to be sufficient legal and clinical instruction and training about child abuse before any assessment is conductive. Navy Essay! The American Counseling Association has put into place a Code of cost research, Ethics for professionals to follow. Individuals need to be careful not to obtain a false positive based on bias in their findings. Working with children of abuse requires special training in order to achieve the desired outcome. It is the counselor’s responsibility to practice in the boundaries for which they are qualified to work.
In addition, they have a responsibility to read and essay, understand their ethics code (ACA Code of Ethics, 2005). ACA Code of benefit analysis research, Ethics (2005) American Counseling Association. Retrieved September 22, 2012 from han dynasty roman http://www.counseling.org/Resources/CodeOfEthics/TP/Home Ambert, A. (1994). A qualitative study of peer abuse and its effects: Theoretical and. empirical implications. Analysis Paper! Journal of Marriage and the visitor essay, Family, 56 (1), 119-130. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352708 Barth, R. Cost Analysis Paper! (2009). Preventing child abuse and neglect with parent training: Evidence and opportunities. Han Dynasty Roman Essay! The future of children, 19 (2), 95-118. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795049 Butcher, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2010).
Abnormal psychology. (14 ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc Child Maltreatment (2010). Retrieved November 2, 2012 from http://archive.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf DeBellis, M., Hooper, S., Woolley, D., Shenk, C. (2009). Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of ptsd symptoms in children and adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35 (5), 570-577. Retrieved from http://www.jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org Feldman, R. (2011). Development across the life span. (6 ed., pp. 178-251). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc Finkelhor, D. (2009). The prevention of childhood sexual abuse. The future of benefit research, children 19(2), 169-194.
Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795052. Giesbrecht, T., Merckelbach, H. (2009). Betrayal trauma theory of. Navy Essay! dissociative experiences: Stroop and directed forgetting findings. The Americal Journal of Psychology, 122(3), 337-348. Gould, F., Clarke, J., Heim, C., Harvey, P., Majer, M., Nemeroff, C. Cost Benefit Research Paper! (2012). How To A Concept Essay! The effects of child abuse and neglect on cognitive functioning in adulthood. Journal of psychiatric research, 46 (4), 500-506. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.01.005 Legano, L., McHugh, M., Palusci, V. (2009).
Child abuse and neglect. Current problems of cost benefit research, pediatric and adolescent health care,doi:10.1016/j.cppeds.2008.11.00 Milner, J., William, W. (1995). Assessment of the visitor, child physical and sexual abuse offenders. Family Relations, 44 (4), 478-488. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/585002 van Harmelen, A., deJong, P., Glashouwer, K., Spinhoven, P., Penninx, B., Elzing. B. (2010). Analysis Research! Child abuse and negative explicit and automatic self-associations: T. cognitive scars of han dynasty essay, emotional maltreatment. Behavior research and therapy, 48. (4), 486-494. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.02.003. Wulczyn, F. Cost Analysis! (2009). Epidemiological perspectives on maltreatment prevention.
The future of children, 19 (2), 39-66. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795047. University/College: University of homework, California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 13 November 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on cost paper Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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eragon essays This is my essay/review about Eragon by Christopher Paolini. It was posted in cost its entirety on navy essay, Everything2.com and in an abbreviated form on cost benefit analysis paper, Amazon.com due to space constraints. I'm reprinting it here with a few changes and my math homework connections. Beware a few spoilers. Cost Research! There we go. ERAGON : Fantasy novel by navy essay Christopher Paolini; book 1 in the Inheritance Cycle . A short (and somewhat sarcastic) summary: Main character = Eragon, mysteeeeerious boy-child left with his aunt and uncle by wandering mother, father unknown. Boy finds mysteeeeerious stone. Turns out to be dragon egg.
Boy raises dragon and bonds with it strongly. Bad guys come and destroy boy's house and kill his uncle. Cost Benefit Analysis Research Paper! Boy swears revenge. Boy's secret dragon is discovered by mysteeeerious storyteller who turns out to be master swordsman and how to write a concept essay random magic user. The hunt for the bad guys begins, and boy searches for his destiny as a legendary Dragon Rider (of course, that must be capitalized). Eragon goes through traditional bouts of training and learning about himself under the stern tutelage of old wise traveling companion. Along the way he gains and loses friends, and cost benefit analysis research paper he rescues a mysteeeerious woman from a horrible dungeon while never straying from his quest to put right all that is wrong in a world oppressively ruled by an evil king. This book got lots of attention when it first came out, partly because the author was so young. He was fifteen when he started the book, and was nineteen when it was published. Writing Phrases! Age isn't always correlated with mastery, of course, but when I read this book, I could TELL that the benefit analysis research, writer was either young or an immature writer.
Though it seems people think it got published somehow because of its great merit, this book was actually self-published by the author's parents (company was Paolini International), and then it was paraded around on my math homework, a self-funded signing tour the way most self-published people do. An established author happened to run into analysis research paper the family doing a signing while he was on vacation, thought a kid writing a book was interesting, bought a copy and made his stepson read it, and decided to try to get the book a deal when the kid liked it. (Don't believe me? Watch Carl Hiaasen explaining how it happened.) The people at Knopf re-edited and answer repackaged and re-released it under that label. Cost! I believe that if this author had been lucky enough to essay get an agent and the book had meandered its way to publishing houses the usual way, it would have been rejected as unpublishable, for research reasons I will discuss in navy essay depth here. Christopher Paolini, in his own words, describes his story as follows: Eragon is an archetypal hero story, filled with exciting action, dangerous villains, and fantastic locations.
There are dragons and elves, sword fights and cost benefit analysis unexpected revelations, and of course, a beautiful maiden who's more than capable of taking care of answer my math herself. I would argue that this book is not an archetypal hero story so much as an benefit research paper overused and essays on mental retardation overly traditional Tolkienien epic, with epic in quotes because it lacks exactly that epic nature that made the world of Lord of the Rings so rich. There was absolutely nothing new or unexpected in this book (though the author claims there are revelations), and if readers find this book exciting, they are probably reacting to the concepts themselves (e.g., fantasy worlds, dragons, fierce battles) rather than the book's own merit, or perhaps they have never been exposed to cost benefit analysis research paper the dozens of fantasy and science fiction epics from which this author pulled his influences. Answer My Math Homework! My feeling was that this book was nothing special because, if I may be so blunt, it's been done, and it's been done better. Looks like Mikey wasn't impressed! Though I have to give the single prop that by standards of TECHNICAL editing it was a smooth novel (I, a professional editor, did not notice a single typographical error), I must say that content-wise it was an editorial mess. The fact that this novel gives the finger to the writing craft about a billion times raises my suspicions that it was not held to paper the usual industry standards. Here are a multitude of essays examples, unavoidably coated in spoiler dust. My complaints regarding the writing style itself:
Every imaginable permutation of the analysis research, word said is used. If the reader cannot tell how characters are saying something based on empire essay, what they are saying, it is likely that the dialogue has been written sloppily. 'You're not thinking,' admonished Brom. Benefit Analysis! Yes, that is an admonishment without you telling us so. Leave it out. Navy Essay! 'Get on with the story,' he said impatiently. Well, if one person is benefit research paper, urging another to get on with it, it stands to reason that it's being said impatiently. Running into 'Sorry,' apologized Brom made me cringe.
The fact that Brom said Sorry means that he apologized, so use said. You can deviate from said if for some reason HOW the sentence is said is not obvious, such as volume (he whispered) or intent (he said sarcastically, if it isn't obvious that that's a sarcastic comment anyway). Leave out the decorations because they're tacky. Navy Essay! The speech tags are not the part of the writing that is supposed to be interesting, so don't distract us; believe me when I say that if you do it, nearly any editor will consider it an early warning sign that you are an cost research paper amateur. Unnecessary description is inserted with maddening frequency. I am not usually a reader of traditional fantasy, and answer homework traditional fantasy does tend to benefit paper be more flowery than other genres, but either way random descriptions should not just be thrown into navy essay the mix. Eragon is waking up and stretching. Suddenly we get a description of the benefit research, items on his night table, including the random information that he likes to look at answer my math homework, one of the objects on it frequently.
In the meantime, while we are getting this rush of information, Eragon is putting on his shoes. He then does not proceed to research paper touch, pick up, or look at anything on the night table, and none of it is ever mentioned again. Also, people and places just get sudden paragraphs of description. Essay! We're fighting an Urgal and research all of a sudden . . . drop some description on us. While he's rushing at Eragon with drooling fangs, no less. By all means, describe the fangs, slipping the adjectives in gracefully. But don't give us a run-down of a typical Urgal when we're a lot more interested in whether those fangs are going into Eragon's head. Navy Essay! (I wish.) And lastly, too many words, phrases, and concepts seem to be entirely lifted from other well-known works. Word choice read as if it the author was attempting to benefit analysis use all his SAT words; it was verbose and flowery as if on purpose, trying to how to write impress with vocabulary that would have been better used sparingly. The similarity of some people's and places' names to those of Tolkien have not gone unnoticed by seasoned fantasy readers; I have heard several people call this book Aragorn without even noticing they weren't saying it right, not to mention things like Ardwen (compared with Arwen), Isenstar (compared with Isengard), and Isidar (compared with Isildur)--and there are a LOT more. A ridiculous number of phrases seem to be something I've heard before, though I'm not sure where; for example, near the beginning someone is touching a wrapped package repeatedly, as if to reassure herself that it was still there.
I mentioned this to a friend and said, That's FROM something. Cost Benefit Research! He replied, It's FROM everything! Far too often, ridiculously overused or clichd similes and metaphors are used, such as tears being described as liquid diamonds. It is my math homework, less like this book was written and more like it was sewn together from the torn apart products of cost benefit analysis paper others, like some old quilt on write a concept, which the cost benefit analysis research paper, stitches are showing. The Visitor Essay! (How's that for an original simile?) And now, criticism regarding the research paper, content: Two words: Unpronounceable names. Why is the land called Alagasia? I think there is little actual consistency in the languages, though Paolini tries to explain that away by saying the essay, land was settled by different people with different languages. (Seems to benefit me an excuse for lack of navy essay consistency, considering on REAL maps the countries' names change depending on what country they were published in. Cost Benefit Analysis! Is the answer, United States Estados Unidos on your English map?
Didn't think so.) Actually, the benefit analysis research paper, randomness of the accents and umlauts really came off as an attempt to make the language look cool and foreign. There is plenty of other delightful language fun, besides the homework, random umlauts: Take for instance magic words with no damn vowels, or words that possess random apostrophes as if they are contractions, though no letters have been left out. Why are they called the Ra'zac? What is being left out between Ra and zac? The apostrophe isn't indicating any necessary pause; it just doesn't make any sense. And how does one pronounce Draumr kpa anyway?? Yes, you have succeeded in making it all exotic. I guess that was the point? And yes, I know that these words were based upon real ancient and analysis research modern languages that some readers would NOT consider unpronounceable, but here's the problem. Han Dynasty Empire! Are the humans speaking English?
Probably not; they've probably got some other language, but Paolini seems to have set English as the cost benefit analysis research paper, mysteriously unnamed common language. Which implies that everything we're reading has been reconfigured for our understanding anyway . With the essay writing, sheer lack of consistency in these made-up languages, what is the paper, purpose of deliberately choosing spellings that don't make sense to English-speaking audiences? There's no excuse for the visitor the overall inconsistency; Tolkien's languages were hard to figure out, but he was a linguist, and there WAS rhyme and reason. You have to make all kinds of new language rules up to make Alagasia actually be pronounced the way he says it is, and it just would have been easier to spell it in a more intuitive way. Cost Benefit Research! It is not as if he is failing to be true to a well-thought-out phonics system if he excludes the delicious foreign-looking characters. Helpfully (of course), Paolini has included for us pronunciation guides and dictionaries in the appendices, though he warns us in said appendices that he is not translating Eragon's magic utterances word for on mental word in order--and I quote--to save the reader from Eragon's atrocious grammar. (In other words, we are supposed to believe that he, like Tolkien, created entire other languages for these books, but since these languages are unlikely to hold up to intense scrutiny by cost analysis research any linguist--if any linguist could be made to care--there is the excuse that Eragon doesn't really speak it right.) And speaking of Tolkien. . . . Okay. Attractive, complex map on writing phrases, inside cover. Flowery language, often to the point of benefit paper ridiculousness (such as when he would return, he knew not).
Elves are fair, beautiful, long-lived people with another language. Dwarves are short, stocky, bearded people who live under mountains. Dragons breathe fire. The Visitor! Creatures called Urgals are regarded as monsters and speak a guttural language, though there are the elite forms of these which have multiple times the strength and endurance. All swords seem to have names. Hmm, except for the fact that the name Urgal is used and people can actually ride the analysis research, dragons, I think this might just be Middle-Earth. A Concept Essay! I kept expecting to see a hobbit. On the same note, it seems the author felt compelled to cover nearly every fantasy-epic plotline known to man, and kept kind of changing his mind about cost benefit what focus to use. First there's the answer homework, whole Luke Skywalker thing; Eragon comes to terms with his identity as a Dragon Rider and leaves his homeland in the company of cost analysis a mysterious stranger who knows too much and can train him. We have the actual training and traveling, him kind of coming into his own--common fantasy coming of age and whatnot.
Learning his new skills: Swordsmanship, dragon-riding, magic, reading . . German Essay Writing! . he gets all his tools for cost benefit research paper adulthood and for being a hero. And as soon as those who killed his uncle are no longer a danger (robbing him of an immediate goal), just in time, he starts having convenient dreams about a woman in a dungeon--who he of write a concept course has to rescue. Benefit Paper! What is a fantasy without a woman to rescue? Oh WAIT! She's been poisoned! QUICK! We must go on a quest to my math find the antidote in research paper a race against time, though at no point during the frenzied journey are we actually worried that the lady is han dynasty essay, going to die. THAT wouldn't happen; love-interest girls are only allowed to have sexy and alluring bad things happen to them, like an attractive scar on the cheek or a tragic past where Daddy didn't love her. They don't die of a slow-acting poison, making the benefit analysis research paper, hero's trip completely forfeit.
Don't forget the proverbial choosing of sides, where upon essay writing phrases his arrival the hero must decide where to cast his alliance, though of course there are spies and baddies among the good guys. Cost Benefit Paper! (And of course this place where they will find an antidote for that poison is also the place where Eragon can get full training in swordsmanship and magic so he can continue to kick ass.) What will he do? Will it be a wonderful epic quest during which he will overthrow the evil king and essay become a reluctant but benevolent authority figure? YOU BET. Although that was just my speculation upon finishing Eragon , considering there were still three books to go at that point. As if that wasn't enough, the story contains many details that might have been included in the interest of fleshing out the world of Alagasia, but they were rather pointless meanderings rather than descriptions that mattered later and added to the richness of the novel. I got the idea that the research, author just wanted to tell us some neat detail he'd worked out, one of those things that authors are supposed to essay KNOW but not tell the audience unless it MATTERS, and in order to squeeze it in he just randomly has the main character have these questions occur to him so someone else can go off on a tangent explaining the finer points of, say, the communication system they use in cost benefit analysis research paper this half-deserted mountain. Answer! Sometimes it just seems he hasn't quite figured out what inventive little blurbs should nevertheless be left out. Sticking these in is yet another hallmark of an amateur. Paolini would do better to avoid chattering about it what he's invented, and maybe instead do some research on pseudo-medieval settings so he doesn't make mistakes like having poor villagers living in what would have been rich people's conditions back then.
Eragon had his own room in cost research paper their humble house for crying out loud. Research much? I bet it had glass in the windows! Then there is the matter of the write a concept essay, overused characters. Cost Paper! First, the navy essay, random fountain-of-wisdom old man who obviously has a curious connection to the main character. (Can you say Luke, I am your father? Okay, so he's written as though he's more like a grandfather, but the role he ends up filling is benefit research, close enough -- the same thing -- wait, now we're changing the essays retardation, story and he actually IS --never mind, spoilers bad. Besides, he's a lot more like Obi-Wan.) He hides information from Eragon because oh that would be dangerous for you to know now or I will keep that to myself.
Translation: Plot-wise, Eragon needs to be ignorant of that in cost benefit analysis order to make all the han dynasty, supposed revelations of the story more powerful, so we'll just make him a stubborn old man who talks all too freely once the dramatic revelations have passed. Completely manipulating a character to cost analysis have all-too-convenient whims about what information he drops . . . this is on mental retardation, just bad form. (Of course, he later justifies it by saying that some of those secrets are not his to tell, but still, awfully convenient, don't you think? And what about the secrets he ended up telling ANYWAY once Eragon discovered part of the truth himself?) It is akin to the Scarecrow coming to Glinda the analysis research paper, Good Witch at how to write, the end of The Wizard of Oz and asking her, WHY didn't you just tell Dorothy to cost benefit research click her heels before she had to go through all this? She wouldn't have believed me! says Glinda. Translation: If it had been that simple, we couldn't have had a movie! And what about essays retardation Arya, the cost benefit, token girl--I mean, the alluring love interest?
Paolini seems quite proud of himself for how to having a beautiful maiden who's more than capable of taking care of paper herself, but first off, does he have any idea how INSULTING that is? He's trying to retardation make it out like this is a compliment, but if he were to say a handsome hero who's more than capable of taking care of himself, people would go cross-eyed thinking, Well, of paper course the HERO can take care of on mental himself. He's the GUY! But if a WOMAN can take care of herself in cost benefit paper a story, well, now that's something different, isn't it? He seems to have no idea that he betrays a sexist attitude toward women if he suggests that this one being able to defend herself is somehow unusual. And beyond that . . . she isn't particularly independent, considering her role in the story begins when she has to be rescued by our bumbling dragon-riding hero. Arya pretty much has no personality--like everyone else in the story, actually--and exists as a plot device. At least it's kind of fun to watch her respond to Eragon as though she is han dynasty roman, offended by his attention. This, however, is the benefit, formula for falling in love with him later in the series. What's the likelihood that a man and answer my math homework woman portrayed as hating each other in the beginning don't end up together in the end? Paolini might end up NOT going this route, but frankly I'd be surprised if he didn't.
This is archetypal, after all, and that means it has to rip off better works of benefit analysis paper literature. And in most works of literature, the guy and the girl get together. Han Dynasty Empire Essay! That or they turn out to be related. And last but not least: Galbatorix. Cost Research Paper! Big evil king. They haven't really mentioned much about what he's doing that's evil, though apparently he levies taxes (hmm, our government does that too--we should attack it with dragons!). People don't really seem that bad off under this guy, except that he seems to empire employ some real jerks as henchmen--he gives those guys jobs to run around and be scary and cost benefit analysis paper stuff. But . Han Dynasty Empire! . . Cost Paper! see, what is this guy's motivation? I bet you know. Roman! He's crazy!
Everything he does is because he is insane. Benefit Analysis Paper! There is an explanation for his insanity, but it's pretty weak, and it was brought on by some very unwise choices he made in the past which also seem to navy essay have no motivation. Foreshadowing? Yes. Often, and obvious. Even goes so far as to have a woman who tells Eragon's fortune, with deliberately dubious prophecies that supposedly will only make sense after they come true. (Incidentally, the fortune-teller is shamelessly based on the author's own sister, and bears her name.) She prophesies that a family member will betray him, and cost benefit paper he doesn't think his only living cousin is capable of doing so? At this point, my immediate thought was, He's going to somehow find out that his father changed sides and joined the bad guys.
A traitor! Heavens, no! More speculation on my part, of course, but then again, this story has mostly been written before, and it's more or less a toss-up to see if Darth Vader turns out to be Luke's . . . *ahem* Eragon's father, or if it's more of a Sauron/Saruman kind of deal. Okay, note on the above, added much later because of all the mail I got about it from Eragon fans. My prediction about Daddy being the betraying relative wasn't dead on, how about that. And lots of fans have scrambled to tell me so, attempting to mock me by roman empire essay saying essentially Ha-ha, you were WRONG, the prophecy wasn't about his father, it was his BROTHER! . Cost Benefit Analysis Research! . . Yeah. Does anyone else find this ironic? Luke, I am your brother, and by the way my father did in fact betray the Dragon Riders and german phrases join the bad guys. Cost Benefit Paper! That they're claiming I was wrong because instead of the classic father figure directly betraying the main character, the essay, dad was a traitor before he was born and the direct betrayal came from a different relative?
Do you people NOT see that it is still ridiculously predictable? It's still the same overdone shock of family betrayal that he set up as if we wouldn't see it coming. The fact that it was his brother and not his father who stabbed him in the back does not disprove my point. We have a Sauron/Saruman situation because the bad guy--Eragon's brother--is being controlled and benefit research paper influenced by the real big baddie. Surprise! How about physical impossibilities?
Yes, we're reading a story that has a talking dragon in german essay writing it, so maybe we're supposed to suspend disbelief, but it seems mostly the laws of analysis physics apply in Alagasia. Han Dynasty! So. Benefit Research! A bad storm descends upon german phrases the boy and his dragon, and before the poor creature has managed to fold her wings appropriately, she is caught by analysis research paper the wind and blown over, and she does not seem to on mental retardation be strong enough to tuck her wings in against the wind to cost research avoid getting blown over roman essay, again. This right here could maybe be ignored, because I don't think it was ever explained how big her wings are, so maybe she'd lose control if there were really strong winds, though we'd have to ignore that she'd have to have very STRONG wings to cost benefit analysis research get her giant dragon body off the ground so if the wind can force them open but not pull her up too we have a physics mismatch. But get this. Eragon, a teenage boy, runs over to help Saphira close her wings.
Now, if a mighty dragon cannot summon the empire essay, strength to close her sails against the wind, exactly how much will it help to have a little human teenager (who can ride on cost, her during normal conditions) pushing on them? So, this is essays, just silly to be sure, but I think I've figured out why it was written that way. Being a writer myself, I know this syndrome very well: It's called I just really wanted to benefit analysis research write this scene disease. Whole stories are constructed around these gratuitous scenes, the ones the author saw in the mind early in the story-creating process. It ended up in han dynasty essay the story rough around the benefit research paper, edges because it just doesn't quite go. Oh yeah, don't forget when Eragon accidentally does magic for the first time to defeat an german Urgal. Cost Benefit Analysis Paper! Background: He doesn't know any magic-users (has yet to on mental find out benefit analysis paper that his traveling companion can use magic). Navy Essay! He doesn't know anything about magic and if he did he wouldn't have any reason to believe that he had any.
But oh look . Benefit Paper! . . under attack, he not only uses the magic against my math his foe, but just happens to find the necessary magic word on his tongue and says it in conjunction with his attack (without which, he finds out later, nothing would have happened). He had heard his companion say the magic word for research fire once. He did not know it was a magic word then; he thought it was a curse word. The Visitor Essay! Why would he randomly say it? That is a hell of an intuition, even given the dire circumstances, and considering Eragon a) never used brisingr as a curse word even once before that point and b) the paper, story never shows someone doing magic under conditions of ignorance and lack of focus before or after this scene, that's just too much of a coincidence for us to navy essay swallow just in the name of letting Eragon have his little revelation of OMG I gotz magic?? A little side effect, I think, of not ironing out all the rules of the land before writing it, and not tweaking earlier writings to match the consistent rules. Because he is needed to help sort through some secret information, Eragon is taught how to read. In a week. Yeah. (Sure maybe he could recognize some letters and be of benefit research paper some help in finding keywords, but all of the visitor essay a sudden after that he mostly reads like anyone else. 'Nuff said.) He learns the cost paper, ancient magic language similarly easily, and navy essay though he was only taught it for the purpose of using magic, he is still somehow able to have a complex conversation with an analysis research elf using only on mental retardation, that language, and understands her giving him directions to benefit analysis an unfamiliar place. I am having trouble swallowing this.
Especially since he was previously an essay illiterate farmboy and had no context for benefit research paper learning written or spoken languages, and isn't said to acquire unusual learning abilities through his new Speshul Dragonriderdom. Pet peeve: At least three or four times in this novel it is mentioned that someone cries a single tear or has a single tear running down his or her face. Why does it always have to my math be one tear? This is not the cost benefit paper, movies; you can have torrential crying in a book if you want to. This does not strike me as romantic. Answer My Math Homework! This strikes me as obviously fake and contrived, not true emotion but more to write a cool visual scene.
I am really turned off by cost benefit analysis research paper this. Another pet peeve: A minor villain is essays, destroyed at benefit analysis, the end; since it is a series, it cannot be the MAIN villain (assumingly it's the essays retardation, oppressive king), but the analysis research, major villain of the german, book is cost analysis research paper, heroically killed by the main character, who is of course scarred physically and emotionally by the experience (but not, of essay course, on his face; only upon skin that will show if he takes off his battle gear in the privacy of a secluded room, preferably with a sexy elf woman watching). Cost Analysis Research! During the battle, details are revealed about the villain's past that make the reader understand why he turned evil; in other words, his actions are sort of justified so that we sympathize a bit before he, ya know, DIES. This slight redemption of the evil guy is only slightly preferable to the plot where the villain is essay, just evil for analysis paper no reason, but it's only a step up, and german essay phrases not a big one. Of COURSE the villain was scarred for cost research paper life by essays retardation losses he incurred as a child. It's only cost benefit research paper, natural. And instead of being the giant revelation the author was expecting to unveil, that was my exact thought: Well, of course.
Overall, I just think this book was written as though it had a template or blueprint for german essay writing phrases traditional fantasy novel and cost analysis research paper the details and roman empire names were simply filled in. Research! I couldn't help feeling the entire time I was reading it that I had read this story before; nothing was much of a surprise, and things that didn't make sense or got in the way of a conflicting original vision were smoothed over with excuses or deliberate muddling of motives. I think in order to write something so traditional, a writer needs something special--a unique twist or slant--and this just hasn't got it. (In other words, I'm not saying writing an archetypal fantasy epic is BAD; I'm saying it needs to not be a rehashing of overused story elements that were invented, reformed, or retold from legend by classic writers.) The boy and his powerful companion having an how to a concept essay intimate relationship? Done, in everything from Anne McCaffrey to freaking Digimon . The hero quest to punish the baddies and bring the good guys back into power? Done, in Lord of the cost benefit analysis research paper, Rings and german essay writing Star Wars . Lush descriptions of landscapes and surroundings? Done by Tolkien of course, but more as a background to action rather than in stagnant heaps of detail.
Mysterious companions to whom there is more than meets the cost benefit research, eye? I don't even want to think about all the books and movies that have done that. I can't pick out a single thing that this book has that has never been done before, the characters didn't interest or capture me, the storytelling was riddled with too many attempts to be grand that I was just entirely turned off by it. In short, I very much doubt I will enjoy reading the rest of the Inheritance Cycle , though I will be muddling through it at answer my math homework, the insistence of all my fans (thank you, thank you; yes, hundreds of people have liked what I did here, and you can read my comments if you think I'm making it up). But you can read the book for yourself if you choose, or learn more about it by looking at other people's book reviews and checking out the analysis research, website at www.alagaesia.com . I've heard silly stories about this author going to speak at school assemblies and whatnot (dressed in some sort of goofy medieval costume, so I hear), telling them all about retardation his ideas and inspirations as if he is already a legendary master storyteller instead of a kid who likes to write and happened to cost benefit analysis research get a break. Dude. He's about roman essay as good at writing fantasy as he is at actually executing the swordplay he writes about. (Li'l movie made by predak123.
Yes, actual Paolini footage and research quote.) I'm betting that if Paolini does eventually get to the point where he has enough experience to write something I can respect, he will probably be kicking himself that he let this baby go before he did his homework. I know the stuff I wrote when I was nineteen was pretty abysmal (though not in the same ways that this guy's is). Difference is, I knew it, and I did not press my idea prematurely into print through a vanity press. Han Dynasty Essay! I've done my damn homework. And if he had done likewise, we'd see evidence that he could show his work on these little math problems here. Copying them out of the textbook and then fiddling with the end sums does not a homework assignment make. Okay, well, since I am now at the risk of going on in metaphor pretentiously for the next hour, I think I will end this here. Thank you for benefit research paper listening to my whining opinions. I posted a version of this essay as a review on Amazon.com when I first read it, and my math homework it was number a hundred-and-something, so I figured it was buried and would never be seen. Au contraire!
Apparently enough people voted it helpful that it became the spotlight review, viewable as one of the cost benefit research, first reviews whenever anyone looked this book up on that site. As a result I started getting mail. Weirdly, ALL of navy essay it was POSITIVE! I was expecting lots of little kids to cost analysis research paper send me e-mails that were the equivalent of nuh-uh! But it was mostly people who agreed with me. I saved but didn't post people who agree with me, but there have been dozens and dozens of them. Apparently a lot of people are encouraged to see that someone can explain why this book is not all that. However, I have gotten some negatives--through the comments box on my website, through my e-mail box, and through direct comments referring to me in other people's Amazon.com reviews. If you'd like to read some interesting responses, please go back to the jump-off page and look through the comments and responses.
Or just get on with reading my review of the sequel! Any comments left here are PUBLIC. If you are not comfortable with that, mail me directly.
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How to analysis research paper, write the perfect SAP CV: Top 10 tips and SAP CV sample template. Writing an effective SAP CV is an essential foundation for building a successful SAP career. When being considered for a new SAP employment opportunity your curriculum vitae is how to a concept essay normally the first thing an employer uses to analysis, decide if you are suitable for the SAP position on roman essay offer, so it is no surprise that the candidates who write the best SAP CVs are those who are invited for interviews and research paper who ultimately get hired. Writing a great SAP CV is the first step in the race for an SAP job; those with a poor CV will rarely even make it past the first hurdle. With the SAP market becoming saturated and competition increasing, having an a concept essay, SAP resume that stands out is now more important than ever. When writing anything, the most important thing to cost paper, keep in mind is the audience you are writing for. With an SAP resume, the chances are high that the person who reads your CV at my math homework, the start of most recruitment processes will be an paper, SAP recruiter. Retardation. As an SAP recruitment agent with over 10 years’ experience, who has personally placed over 700 SAP Consultants in SAP roles, I’d estimate that I have probably read over 100,000 SAP CVs in my time, so I have a pretty good idea of what makes a top SAP CV. I’m going to offer an honest insider’s perspective into how most SAP recruiters actually read your SAP CV…let’s consider that on a busy day an research, SAP recruiter might have to recruit for three SAP vacancies, and may receive up to 50 applications for each position. Will they read 150 CVs word for word, end to end?
Of course not. The honest reality is essays on mental retardation that most recruiters (myself included) probably spend 30 seconds skim reading each CV and perhaps another 30 seconds crudely using the analysis paper CTRL-F feature to essays on mental, search the CV for cost benefit analysis paper, some other keywords. Bearing this in mind, along with other SAP recruiter insiders’ perspectives, I’m going to answer homework, provide my advice on how to cost paper, write the perfect SAP CV. Below are my top 10 tips for a successful SAP CV and an SAP CV example / SAP CV sample template: 1 – Optimise your SAP CV so that it can be quickly and clearly digested when skim-read. It is a concept very likely that the first round of screening (often by an SAP recruiter) will involve someone quickly glancing over cost research your CV.
Therefore the best tip I can give you when writing your SAP CV is to make sure that it is optimised to be read in on mental retardation this way. To do this you need to benefit research paper, ensure that the key information in your SAP CV stands out. In my opinion the thing that should stand out the most in your SAP CV is your job title. At the very beginning of navy essay your CV, your job title should be clearly and benefit research paper boldly mentioned e.g. How To A Concept Essay. SAP HANA Consultant, so that it obvious at a glance what you do; it should leap off the page. Your job title should then be mentioned as a clear and bold heading at the top of every job position / SAP project description that you mention throughout your CV. Cost Benefit Research. By doing this simple thing, the reader will be able to quickly and clearly understand what you do, where you have done it, and how many projects you have done it on. You’d be surprised at how many SAP consultants there are who don’t do this in their CVs. Empire Essay. This same principle should also be applied to other key information from your CV.
Underlining, bullet points, bold text, coloured text and header text can all be used to cost research, emphasise key information within your CV. 2 – Make the han dynasty first impression count. The first impression is always the cost benefit analysis research paper most important one. Therefore, the first page on your CV is the most important page. Navy Essay. It should be the page that you spend the most time perfecting. I have read many SAP CVs where the first page has been so poor and given off such bad signals that I have rejected the cost benefit paper candidate without even making it to the second page! The first page should contain a summarised version of all key information that you are trying to get across to the reader; it should be perfectly presented and engage the essay reader. Benefit Research. Think carefully about the opening sentence, is the visitor that really the most important thing you want to cost benefit research paper, say to a potential employer? Because it should be! Think of the the visitor first page of your CV as the shop window, people are much more likely to come into cost benefit research your shop and buy if they like the look of navy essay what you have displayed in your window. 3 – Ensure your SAP CV has the right structure and order.
A logical and effective structure is essential for writing a good SAP CV. Whilst people have different opinions and personal preferences, in my opinion an SAP CV should be set out with the following sections in the following order: Document Title: Curriculum Vitae, CV, Resume, Profile etc. are all fine (this is cost benefit analysis research paper down to regional and personal preference). Basic details: Full Name, job title, nationality (plus details of any other working permissions held), Date of birth (optional), marital status (optional), address, photo (optional), contact number, email address, languages spoken (and proficiency). Profile Summary: This should be a concise section that briefly tells the phrases reader who you are and what you do. Benefit Analysis. It should mention information such as your job title / preferred position and give an overview of your key SAP skills. For an SAP CV, it is good to the visitor essay, mention things like the SAP modules / SAP submodules that you specialise in, for example: “SAP CO Consultant specialised in analysis paper SAP CO-PC (Product Costing)”. You should also mention details such as the number of full end-to-end SAP implementation lifecycles you have been involved in and how many SAP roll out projects you have participated in etc. to give the navy essay reader an cost benefit paper, instant indication of empire essay your level of experience.
You should talk about benefit analysis paper, personal strengths and unique selling points, and a summary of how to write a concept your key results and achievements. This is the first opportunity to differentiate yourself and cost benefit analysis paper inject a personal touch to your CV. Keep it short and sharp, almost like a bullet point list of your profile highlights. Skills Summary: This could be a table or a bullet-pointed list of your key skills including details of all SAP modules and sub-modules that you have, SAP configuration (customising) experience in: SAP FI-GL, SAP FI-AP, SAP FI-AR, SAP CO-PA, SAP CO-PC for example, together with an indication of your level of experience or years of experience in each area. It should also include details of other useful SAP-related experience that you may have e.g.
LSWM, IDoc etc. and details related to project management or SAP Implementation methodology experience e.g. Prince 2, Agile, ASAP, SAP Solution Manager. On Mental. It is also good to indicate your relevant certifications here. Work Experience: You should always list your work experience in chronological order (most recent SAP project first). Each work experience segment should clearly display the basic key details: Start Date, End Date, Job title, Client Name, Brief Project Description, Key Activities and Results achieved. Education / Training Courses / Certifications: For a senior SAP Consultant, this section just needs to be brief and contain a list of the benefit analysis basic key details. In addition to mentioning your SAP certifications here, it is also good to mention them within the skills summary section on the first page too. For a junior consultant / intern looking to answer my math homework, enhance their SAP career, this section is benefit analysis more important and more detail can be given to describe experiences within your education / training which are relevant to your intended SAP career. References: Again this is a matter of the visitor essay opinion, but personally I think that including two short written references in your SAP CV can certainly add something; a 3-4 line reference quotation, followed by the name, job title and company of the referee (only do so with prior consent from the benefit analysis referee).
Having a good written reference already included in your CV can help you stand out, especially if it is from someone senior at a large, well-known SAP client. I wouldn’t include their contact details in on mental retardation the CV however, I recommend holding this back just for those who you want to cost analysis research, contact them. Alternatively, you could include a URL / link to your LinkedIn references section here instead. Writing “references available upon request” is really just a waste of space in answer homework my opinion and it is better not to even have this section if you choose to cost benefit paper, do that. Interests: Providing details of essay your personal interests isn’t the paper most important component of phrases a CV, but it could still contribute to the reader’s overall opinion/decision on your CV. Cost Benefit. A word of warning, what you choose to reveal here could possibly count against you without you ever realising, for example: innocently revealing that you are an active and han dynasty roman empire essay passionate member of cost analysis research Greenpeace or an Animal rights charity may count against you if applying for a position with a Pharmaceutical or cosmetics company (where animal testing is involved), as they may deem this as a security risk. Mentioning that you love extensive, extended travel and answer take five holidays every single year might put off an employer who has a busy SAP project with tight deadlines and now assumes you’ll want to go away for cost analysis paper, 6 weeks in german essay the summer, right in the middle of a busy project milestone. On the other hand, describing your interests could also work in your favour: talking about SAP-related interests may add to your CV: being an cost analysis paper, active member of an SAP user group, writing SAP blogs, articles or books for example. Mentioning personal interests that the write a concept essay person who is hiring also happens to share by benefit coincidence might also count in your favour. Revealing a rare or interesting hobby may add to the perception of navy essay your personality that comes across from the CV, not too rare or interesting though… mentioning taxidermy might creep some people out.
4 – Make sure you mention the SAP Key Words throughout the CV. As mentioned above, most SAP recruiters will only analysis paper skim-read your CV and quickly search it for keywords. You therefore need to think carefully about which keywords are most important in relation to the SAP jobs you are applying for and ensure that as well as making them stand out, you also mention these keywords as often as possible. If I am searching for an SAP SuccessFactors Learning Management System specialist for example, I would normally check the document for essays retardation, some specific keywords using the cost benefit research Ctrl-F search function. My Math Homework. I would check for research, “SuccessFactors” and “Learning Management System” and see how many times each of these was mentioned. The important thing to note here is to also mention synonyms of these keywords in your CV as much as possible too, for example SuccessFactors is also referred to as SFSF (in its abbreviated form), as is answer Learning Management System to LMS. It is therefore important to have these variations well-represented in your CV. A lazy SAP recruiter, or perhaps one not familiar with the variations of names/abbreviations etc., could even dismiss your CV, simply because they don’t find the keywords they think they should be looking for! i.e. you might have LMS mentioned 100 times in your CV, but you haven’t mentioned “Learning Management System” once, a recruiter who doesn’t think/know to check for benefit analysis, this could accidentally rule you out, so it is best to ensure all critical keywords, as well as possible variations of my math these, are well-represented in your CV. Benefit Analysis Research Paper. It is similar to SEO (search engine optimisation), but for your CV and my math homework the lazy readers, rather than Google. 5 – Be prepared to adjust your CV slightly for each specific SAP vacancy. If your SAP recruitment agent asks you to adjust or tweak your CV for a particular position, be open to this.
You don’t have to re-write the benefit analysis entire CV, but simply making a few changes to tailor the CV for the specific position you are applying for could make a huge difference. My Math. Never lie or exaggerate on your CV, what I am referring to here is more about cost benefit, emphasising certain specific experiences that are particularly relevant for the SAP job you are applying for at write a concept, the time. 6 – Make sure your CV is the right length. There is no fixed rule about the correct length for a CV as the length will depend on many factors. In general your CV should be as short and benefit analysis paper to-the-point as possible, whilst being long enough to contain all of the important information a potential employer may want to how to a concept, know. You’ll read a lot of generic articles telling you that your CV should only be 1-2 pages long, but in my opinion this does not apply to an SAP CV, an SAP CV is different as you need to go into more technical detail and clearly outline the exact SAP modules, SAP submodule, SAP-related tools, methodologies etc. that you have experience with. Cost Paper. You also need to go into enough detail about the nature of the SAP projects you have been involved in and your specific responsibilities within these projects. Keep in mind that your SAP profile should be an overview and not a lengthy memoir. How To Essay. If you are someone who can’t control the volume of text when writing in prose, then perhaps consider using concise bullet-pointed text wherever possible, to cost benefit analysis paper, help you keep control of the overall length. Answer. An SAP CV is there to cost benefit analysis paper, form the basis for guiding an han dynasty empire, interview conversation and not there to replace it. 7-Make sure your CV has a professional look.
The content is paper of course the most important factor when writing an SAP resume, however you’d be surprised at how many SAP CVs I’ve seen with decent content which have been ruined by the aesthetic presentation. How To Write A Concept Essay. Choose a sensible and professional font. Its fine to go with something slightly different, but Times New Roman is analysis research paper certainly overused. Fonts such as Arial, Calibri, Candara, Georgia, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS or Verdana would be fine. I would avoid fonts like Berlin Sans FB, Comic Sans, Courier new and Vijaya. In my opinion a fairly conservative colour scheme is best, classic black text is tried and tested, so I’m always bewildered when SAP Consultants send me rainbow coloured CVs. If you want to emphasise or differentiate certain areas or headers using different colour text, using one or two additional colours is more than enough. Personally, I prefer conservative options such as blue or grey for these parts, but it is a matter of personal taste. Subtly and sparingly using some brighter coloured text for headers/titles can also work, especially if you’re trying to integrate the main colour from your company logo/branding into the CV.
8- Make sure your CV is saved in the right format! I would recommend providing your CV to SAP recruiters in MS Word (.doc or .docx) format where possible, making sure the the visitor essay file isn’t password protected or locked for editing. As an alternative you could provide your CV as a PDF file, however PDFs cannot be edited unless the recruiter has the Adobe Acrobat MS Word converter (which many don’t). Even in cost benefit research cases where PDF is han dynasty roman converted to MS Word, it is often troublesome to cost, edit or reformat. You might be thinking to yourself that you’d prefer for your CV not to be changed by anyone else so this is a good thing, but in most cases this will do you more harm than good: An SAP recruiter should never change the real content of navy essay your CV without asking your permission, and any decent recruiter would never do this. However, a recruiter may want to make some superficial changes to your CV to improve the presentation for example and having a non-editable file prevents this. The recruiter might need to convert CVs into a certain format, or insert a client-specific coversheet on benefit analysis the front page of the on mental CV (which is a mandatory requirement for some client’s recruitment processes). The recruiter may be required by cost research paper the client to navy essay, submit CVs without logos only, or they may wish to cost benefit paper, remove your direct contact details from the CV before submitting it to essays, a client. Preventing the cost benefit recruiter from having the CV the way they need it will ultimately slow down your application and may even mean you miss out on an opportunity because of german it. For those who are limited to PDF files, I would suggest removing any logo and benefit analysis research contact details from your CV when sending it to a recruiter (ensure you provide your contact details within the email you send them though, so they can still reach you!). Occasionally I receive SAP CVs in a concept Powerpoint or other even stranger CV file formats.
I don’t understand why people do this, and certainly wouldn’t recommend doing so! 9- Always have an updated SAP CV ready – Speed is key! Writing the perfect SAP CV is of no use if you don’t have it with you when it is needed. Make sure you have access to a copy of your CV at all times, you never know where or when you might need it. Similarly, you need to make sure that you constantly keep it updated. Being away on holiday and only having a copy of your CV on your home desktop could cause you to miss out on the SAP career opportunity of a lifetime, or having to delay your application by cost research paper 24 hours while you update your CV may also cause you to miss out. 10- Get someone else to check over your CV! Your Curriculum Vitae is a reflection of you, it should be logically ordered, consistent, well presented and without errors. The Visitor. Nothing would put me off more than an ABAP developer who’s CV was full of typos! No matter how perfect you think your SAP CV is, always get a fresh pair of benefit research eyes to essay, look over it. Have it proofread for spelling errors and benefit analysis paper grammar by a fellow SAP colleague, a professional proof-reader or perhaps your favourite SAP recruiter.
So now you’ve read my top ten tips, giving my best, most honest advice, you’re ready to phrases, write the perfect SAP CV. Cost. I wish you the best of luck with writing it and hope to place you in your next SAP position myself when your new CV is ready.