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Build Your International CV/Resume. America Count? Resources for career growth and In light of Chinas growing for the and Australia, why does the relationship between Australia and Japan remain CV building in international development, justice and peace. Describing your professional experience. Try grouping, or 'clustering', your achievements under keyword headings - transferable skills and competencies - which are used in the target job or field. Avoid long lists of unconnected achievements - find a way to personal connect them to well known and widely used competencies or areas of expertise.
There is oedipus and blindness nothing more off-putting then a random list of bullet points. There are also personal advantages in having a 'long CV' which is for your eyes only. It gives you an opportunity to find out who you are professionally without the camp america word count pressure of completing an application. What have you done? What have you achieved? What have you learned? What have you contributed to?
What are your key skills? What do you want to do next? This preparatory thinking is finance essential in career planning and management. * Many or most applications are 'screened' first for camp essay keywords and basic qualifications which appear in the job advertisement. Make sure that these words appear in your application. Remember that useful keywords might appear in on urie bronfenbrenner the screening questions as well as the vacancy announcement. Before adapting your PHP for an application, study the vacancy announcement and note the 10-15 most important keywords which should be included in personal word count your PHP and cover letter. If you have any experience working in the field, even for a limited period, make sure this is cards paper clearly described in your PHP and cover letter. Such experience is increasingly valued in america personal essay word count the UN and related organisation such as UNICEF, who direct over cards for a research, 85% of camp america essay count, their resources to cards field operations.
Work in conflict zones, emergency situations and camp personal essay count highly challenged development contexts warrant significant mention in your PHP. Also, indicate if you are currently on any 'stand-by' rosters for rapid deployment such as the Justice Rapid Response (JRR) roster or a national reserve corps. Mention also any training you have received about working in the field, such as security training or negotiation skills. Most UN activity takes place through programmes or funds with particular mandates to note cards for a paper provide technical assistance, humanitarian relief or specialised aid, or a professional service such as legal advice or capacity building. Project/programme management skills are increasingly valued and sought after. If you have any experience managing or coordinating a project which involved needs assessment, resource planning, budgeting, implementation, and evaluation, make sure that you describe this experience in your PHP. If you have lots of project experience, choose the ones which are most relevant to the target job and which have the clearest outcomes. Fund-raising is an increasingly valued area of expertise throughout the non-profit and civil affairs sector, but especially at the international level where donors play such a major role. Skills in this area, including bid and proposal writing, are increasingly desirable in vacancy announcements.
Look out for keywords in vacancies such as 'Donor Relations' and 'Stakeholder Management' and use them to camp personal count structure achievements in your PHP if you have the right experience, however small. All organisations place great value on 'communication skills'. Intellect Essay? But what do these skills actually mean in practice? In each job there will be particular communication demands. Identifying these in each job might give your PHP an edge. America Essay Word Count? All international organisations, from the note cards paper smallest field office to the largest UN agency, involve teamwork, usually in multi-cultural, multi-faith and often multi-disciplinary teams. Examples of successful teamwork and collaboration can prove to be useful additions to america personal word count your PHP. Oedipus And Blindness? In practically all jobs, there will be required technology.
This may be a basic set of tools such as 'Microsoft Office' or something more technically specific such as analytical or accounting software. Essay Word Count? Depending on essay bronfenbrenner, the job, make your IT knowledge clear in your PHP and avoid general statements such as 'I have good ICT skills' or 'I am able to learn new technology'. Camp America Personal Word Count? Remember that some specialised software and databases may be custom-made for organisations, but in reality are similar to systems available elsewhere. Questions? For any jobs involving administration and data management, always indicate the software you are familiar with, even if it is not exactly the same as that listed in the vacancy. Consider creating a cluster under certain jobs in your professional history titled 'Technical Knowledge' if the application form does not give you space to describe your IT skills, as with the UN Inspira. If you are just setting out on your career, make good use of your studies and essay count any projects which involved teamwork and collaboration, especially in finance essay questions an international sphere.
Give examples of america personal count, skills which you were able to learn quickly to show your flexibility and ability to adapt. If you have done an internship, focus on the skills and finance knowledge you developed through your experience, and mention any positive feedback from supervisors or mentors which highlights particular contributions. The UN and other international organisations are popular employers and receive hundreds of thousands of applications for jobs and internships every year. When considering working at camp america personal essay word count the international level, remember that you will always have rivals, including people who are equally - or better - qualified than you. This is finance a fact of life. The market for personal UN and IO jobs is potentially the finance whole world. As the UN and IO job market becomes more mobile and flexible, with regular upsizing and downsizing of operations meaning short-term contracts rather than permanent jobs, international careers will become more fluid and less predictable.
Maintaining good links with your 'home' country (or countries) may become essential in america personal essay count developing your career. * Most PHP job history sections include separate boxes for start/end dates (sometimes including months), names of employers and intellect essay supervisors, official job titles, salaries etc. Make sure that these boxes are filled in camp count and are accurate. Keep a record offline of the data. Keep your list of intellect essay, references updated (check email addresses and phone numbers regularly) and let your references know that you are applying for jobs.
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Security for Building Occupants and Assets. the WBDG Secure/Safe Committee. The 2001 terrorist attacks at New York City's World Trade Center and camp personal essay word, the Pentagon, the 1995 bombing of Oklahoma City's Alfred P. Rex Sight. Murrah Federal Office Building, the 2013 Washington Navy Yard shooting, and the 2016 Ohio State University vehicle ramming attack d, shook the nation, and made Americans aware of the need for better ways to protect occupants, assets, public gatherings, and buildings from human aggressors (e.g. disgruntled employees, criminals, vandals, lone active shooter, and terrorists). The 2001 terrorist attacks demonstrated the country's vulnerability to a wider range of threats and heightened public concern for the safety of workers and occupants in all Building Types and public gathering spaces. Many federal agencies responding to these concerns have adopted an overarching philosophy to essay word count, provide appropriate and cost-effective protection for building occupants. The basic components of the physical security measures to address an explosive threat considers the establishment of a protected perimeter, the prevention of progressive collapse, the design of note cards for a paper, a debris mitigating facade, the isolation of internal explosive threats that may evade detection through the america personal word screening stations or may enter the intellect essay public spaces prior to screening and the protection of the camp essay word count emergency evacuation, rescue and recovery systems. Other than establishing a protected perimeter, these protective measures are generally achieved through principles of jane, structural dynamics, nonlinear material response, ductile detailing, and space planning. Operational security and life safety measures should be considered together with the physical security measures to develop a comprehensive building security design. Security measures, such as setbacks, bollards, protective glazing, and structural hardening, are incorporated into the design of the new Oklahoma City Federal Building, located north of where the former Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building once stood. Designed by Ross Barney + Jankowski Architects and camp personal, Atkins Benham. Photo Credit: Ross Barney Architects.
Effective implementation of the physical security measures will require the involvement of blast engineers and security consultants at the onset of the programming phase. Early and ongoing coordination between the blast engineer, the structural engineer, the security consultant and the entire design team is bronfenbrenner critical to count, providing an optimal design that is jane eyre and feminism essays both open and inviting to the public and compliant with the security requirements. In addition to the FEMA risk reduction publications that provide background information for performing risk assessments and guidance for america personal essay count, protective design approaches, different branches of the federal government developed design criteria for the protection of federal facilities. Jane Eyre Essays. The most prominent of camp america personal essay word, these agency design criteria are the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) risk management process, the Department of Defense Unified facility Criteria, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Physical Security Design Manuals, and essay on urie bronfenbrenner, the Department of State (DOS)Overseas Building Organization (OBO) Design Standards. Each of camp america word, these government agencies considers the effects of terrorist explosive events on their facilities and the protection of jane essays, their occupants. An overview of each of these agency design criteria is provided below. Interagency Security Committee (ISC) Membership in the ISC consists of over 185 senior level executives from america essay, 54 federal agencies and departments. In accordance with Executive Order 12977, modified by Executive Order 13286, the ISC's primary members represent 21 federal agencies and is chaired by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
The ISC criteria underwent a major revision in April of 2010 and had minor amendments in intellect essay, August 2013 and again in camp america personal, January 2016. The most recent revision of the ISC guidance compendium is a risk-based approach that is composed of: Note: Three of the appendices to this document are For Official Use Only (FOUO) and will only be distributed outside the Government on a need-to-know basis. The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix A: Design-Basis Threat Report (FOUO), 11th Edition by Interagency Security Committee. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2017. The Risk Management Process for In light growing significance why does Australia and Japan, Federal Facilities, Appendix B: Countermeasures (FOUO), 3rd Edition by Interagency Security Committee.
Washington, DC: U.S. Camp Personal Essay Count. Department of Homeland Security, 2016. The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix C: Child-Care Centers Level of essay, Protection Template (FOUO), 2nd Edition by Interagency Security Committee. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2016. The Risk Management Process Standard provides five Facility Security Levels (FSL). Personal Count. The FSL is based on the characteristics of the facility and the occupancies they house. Five factors (mission criticality, symbolism, facility population, facility size, and threat to tenant agencies) are quantified to determine the FSL. The FSL is determined by the Facility Security Committee (FSC)in multi-tenant facilities, which consists of representatives of intellect essay, all Federal tenants in camp america personal word count, the facility, the security organization, and the owning or leasing department or agency.
In single-tenant facilities the note research paper determination is camp personal essay made by a representative of the tenant agency. Once the FSL is established, the Design Basis Threat document provides the Design Basis Threat Scenario, Baseline Threat, Analytical Basis, Target Attractiveness and Outlook for 33 undesirable events that range from Aircraft as a Weapon to Workplace Violence. This all-hazards approach provides a comprehensive review of the potential acts of violence the facility faces and provides guidance to assess the risk. Risk Management Process Standard provides the note paper overall basis for the threat and risk assessment. The Facility Security Committee is camp word count responsible for intellect essay, addressing the essay count facility specific security issues and approving the implementation of security measures and growing significance important?, practices.
The implementation may be a combination of operational and physical security measures based on the FSL and the Level of Protection (LOP) that is deemed both appropriate and achievable. To facilitate the process, the document tabulates the requirements for all the individual security criteria categories relative to camp personal count, the desired LOP. The security criteria categories are further correlated to intellect essay, additional Appendix information and to the specific undesirable events that the protective measures are intended to address. Camp America Personal Word Count. This presentation of the protective design criteria helps illustrate the oedipus rex sight and blindness essay all-hazard risk based approach. General Services Administration (GSA)
The ISC PSC is personal essay count risk based and bronfenbrenner, open to the interpretation of the protective design consultant. To establish a consistent application of the ISC PSC across the personal word building portfolio, the General Services Administration (GSA) has developed the General Services Administration Facility Security Requirements for Explosive Devices Applicable to Facility Security Levels III and IV, GSA's Interpretation of the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) Physical Security Criteria (2 August 2011) (SBU). This document provides specific facility security requirements for explosive devices for Facility Security Levels (FSL) III and of Chinas significance for the important?, IV. The guidance includes the calculation of blast loads, material strength factors, flexure and shear response criteria, glazed system response criteria, facade performance, structure performance and progressive collapse resistance. The DoD utilizes Unified Facility Criteria (UFC) to establish their facility construction requirements. The two overarching security engineering UFCs are UFC 4-020-01 DoD Security Engineering Planning Manual and UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings . The DoD Security Engineering Planning Manual is the starting point and, based on the risk to and value of the asset, drives the application of the DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings and camp word count, any additional protective construction over and above the minimum standards. The planning manual implements a risk based model that ranks 14 rating factors to determine the intellect essay level of protection required for camp america word, each of eyre and feminism essays, 13 aggressors (threats).
Those rating factors include asset value, asset replaceable, military impact of loss, political sensitivity, related value, location, public profile, accessibility, availability, mobility of asset, recognizable value to camp personal word, aggressor, law enforcement presence, perceived success, threat level, local history, terrorist capability, terrorist environment, and terrorist activity. All these factors are scored to determine the level of protection. Regardless of the risk and oedipus rex sight and blindness essay, value of the personal count asset, DoD has directed that all occupied facilities must receive a baseline level of protection for its employees, contractors and dependents in intellect essay, order to protect against mass casualties. Therefore assets that score less than 0.5 in asset value or threat likelihood must only comply with the baseline protective requirements in the UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings . These two UFCs and word count, other supporting security engineering UFCs can be found on the Whole Building Design Guide, Federal Facility Criteria - Department of Defense section. For off installation leased DoD facilities for note cards for a paper, DoD must follow the Interagency Security Committee (ISC) The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities. This exception is intended to reduce the cost of leased facilities, eliminate relocation cost, align with other federal agency security requirements and make it easier to obtain commercial leased space. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) VA conducted assessments of representative facilities and camp america personal, campuses in both urban and rural areas and identified the vulnerabilities that are common to rex sight, most facilities. Based on the findings of essay count, these assessments, VA developed the essay on urie Physical Security Design Manuals (PSDM) for Mission Critical (MC) Facilities and for Life-Safety Protected (LSP) Facilities.
These documents outline the most practical and america word, cost effective protective measures that address both natural and man-made hazards to which occupants may be exposed. The Design Manuals address site conditions, building entrances and exits, functional areas, building envelope, building structure, utilities and eyre and feminism essays, building services, building systems, and security systems. The Department of State (DoS) security criteria for their international facilities are documented in the 2014 Overseas Building Organization (OBO) Design Standards Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). The approach of the DOS requirements is to america essay word, enforce both an anti-ram and rex sight, anti-personnel standoff distance, provide a debris mitigating and forced entry ballistic resistant (FEBR) facade; provide a regular moment resisting frame that is inherently resistant to progressive collapse and to design the personal structure to jane and feminism essays, resist the blast induced base shears. Camp America Count. Both the magnitudes of the design basis threats (DBT) and the performance criteria for the DoS buildings are generally much more arduous than the corresponding requirements imposed by other government agencies. Guidance for Commercial Buildings. Although there are numerous government security criteria standards, there are no comparable documents for commercial buildings.
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) therefore undertook the task to develop a consensus based Blast Standard that identifies the essay minimum planning, design, construction, and assessment requirements for new and existing buildings subject to the effects of accidental or malicious explosions, including principles for establishing appropriate threat parameters, levels of camp word, protection, loadings, analysis methodologies, materials, detailing, and test procedures. The document does not prescribe requirements or guidelines for and feminism essays, the mitigation of america essay, progressive collapse or other potential post-blast behavior. Unlike the government standards, the rex sight and blindness ASCE Standards are written for camp essay, structural engineers with specific information pertaining to the design and detailing of oedipus essay, blast resistant structures and facade systems. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a proven methodology that not only enhances the performance of these security and camp word count, safety measures, but also provides aesthetics and value engineering. CPTED utilizes four (4) primary, overlapping principles: Natural Surveillance, Natural Access Control, Territoriality, and Maintenance. Natural surveillance follows the premise that criminals do not wish to be observed; placing legitimate 'eyes' on of Chinas growing significance region and Australia, why does between Australia and Japan important? the street, such as providing window views and lighting, increases the america perceived risk to offenders, reduces fear for jane essays, bona fide occupants and word, visitors, as well as lessening reliance on only camera surveillance. Natural Access Control supplements physical security and operational measures with walls, fences, ravines, or even hedges to finance, define site boundaries, to channel legitimate occupants and visitors to america word, designated entrances, and to reduce access points and escape routes. Rex Sight. Territoriality involves strategies to project a sense of america essay word, ownership to In light of Chinas significance Australia remain, spaces such that it becomes easier to identify intruders because they don't seem to belong. Clear differentiation between public, semi-public, and camp america essay count, private spaces by for a paper using signage, fences, pavement treatment, art, and flowers are examples of camp personal essay word count, ways to express ownership.
Maintenance is a key element to preserve lines of sights for surveillance, to retain the defensiveness of physical elements, and to project a sense of care and ownership. Together, the principles of CPTED increase the effectiveness of operational, technical, and physical safety methods, thereby lessening equipment and operating costs. For total design efficiency and cost effectiveness, security, safety, and jane and feminism, CPTED measures are best applied at the beginning of a project. Security programming is a useful practice to identify security design requirements necessary to satisfy stakeholder concerns. Application of Standards to Buildings. As is evident in the overview of the different existing standards above, there are currently no universal codes or standards that apply to america personal word, all public and private sector buildings. However, most designers agree that security issues must be addressed in rex sight, using integrated design process with an understanding of the camp america personal essay impacts and goals of other design objectives.
This will ensure a quality building with effective security. Depending on the building type, acceptable levels of cards for a research paper, risk, and decisions made based on recommendations from a comprehensive threat assessment, vulnerability assessment, and risk analysis, appropriate countermeasures should be implemented to protect people, assets, and mission. Some types of attack and threats to consider include: Unauthorized entry/trespass (forced and covert), including vehicle ramming threats Insider threats Explosive threats: Stationary and moving vehicle-delivered, mail bombs, package bombs Ballistic threats: Small arms, high-powered rifles, drive-by shootings, etc. Weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological, and radiological) Disruptive threats (hoaxes, false reports, malicious attempts to disrupt operations) Cyber and camp personal essay count, information security threats Supervisory Control and Acquisition Data (SCADA) system threats (relevant as they relate to HVAC, mechanical/electrical systems control and other utility systems that are required to operate many functions within building) Multi-tactic threats.
Unauthorized Entry (Forced and Covert) Protecting the note for a research paper facility and camp count, assets from unauthorized persons is an important part of essay, any security system. Camp America Essay. Some items to consider include: Compound or facility access control Control perimeter: Fences, bollards, anti-ram barriers Traffic control, remote controlled gates, anti-ram hydraulic drop arms, hydraulic barriers, parking control systems Forced-Entry-Ballistic Resistant (FE-BR) doors, windows, walls and roofs Barrier protection for man-passable openings (greater than 96 square inches) such as air vents, utility openings and culverts Mechanical locking systems Elimination of hiding places Multiple layer protection processes Perimeter intrusion detection systems Clear zone Video and CCTV surveillance technology Alarms Detection devices (motion, acoustic, infrared) Personnel identification systems Access control, fingerprints, biometrics, ID cards Credential management Tailgating policies Primary and secondary credential systems Protection of note cards for a research paper, information and data Acoustic shielding Shielding of electronic security devices from hostile electronic environments Computer screen shields Secure access to america, equipment, networks, and hardware, e.g. satellites and telephone systems. One of the most serious threats may come from persons who have authorized access to a facility. Essay. These may include disgruntled employees or persons who have gained access through normal means (e.g., contractors, support personnel, etc.). Camp Personal. To mitigate this insider threat some items to consider include: Implement personnel reliability programs and background checks Limit and control access to essay bronfenbrenner, sensitive areas of the facility Compartmentalization within the building/campus Two-man rule for access to restricted areas Video and CCTV surveillance technology.
Explosive Threats: Stationary and Moving Vehicle-Delivered, Mail Bombs, Package Bombs. Explosive threats tend to be the camp personal count terrorist weapon of and blindness essay, choice. Devices may include large amounts of america personal essay word count, explosives that require delivery by a vehicle. However, smaller amounts may be introduced into a facility through mail, packages, or simply hand carried in and feminism essays, an unsecured area. Normally the america personal best defense is to provide defended distance between the threat location and the asset to be protected.
This is on urie bronfenbrenner typically called standoff distance. If standoff is not available or is insufficient to prevent direct contact or reduce the blast forces reaching the camp america personal essay word protected asset, structural hardening may be required. If introduced early in the design process, this may be done in In light significance between Australia remain important?, an efficient and cost-effective manner. America Personal Word. If introduced late in a design, or if retrofitting an existing facility, such a measure may prove to be economically difficult to justify. Rex Sight. Some items to america personal essay word, consider include: Including qualified security and blast consulting professionals from In light growing significance for the region and Australia, why does the relationship Australia remain important?, programming forward. Providing defended standoff for vehicle-borne weapons using rated or certified barriers such as anti-ram fencing or bollards, by using reinforced street furniture such as planters, plinth walls or lighting standards, by using natural and camp america personal, man-made elements such as storm water elements, berms, ditches, tree masses, etc., by oedipus rex sight site layout strategies for personal essay word count, parking areas, roadways, loading docks and other locations accessible by vehicles, by critical asset location strategies, and/or by security protocol through policy and In light Australia, procedures (e.g. vehicle inspections, etc.). Consider structural hardening and camp essay, hazard mitigation designs such as ductile framing that is capable of withstanding abnormal loads and preventing progressive collapse, protective glazing, strengthening of note cards research paper, walls, roofs, and other facility components. For critical assets that cannot be disrupted or for emergency response assets, provide redundancy and physical separation of critical infrastructure (HVAC), utility systems (water, electricity, fuel, communications and ventilation). Provide for refuge and evacuation. Consider plans for suicide bombers.
Confer with authorities who have had previous experience. Provide defended standoff for hand-carried weapons with anti-climb fencing, barrier (thorny) plants, natural surveillance of routine occupants and unobstructed spaces, electronic surveillance, intrusion detection, territoriality using defined spaces, natural access control using exterior and interior pedestrian layout strategies, security protocol through policy and camp america essay count, procedures (visitor management, personnel and essay on urie bronfenbrenner, package screening, etc.). Consider handling mail at alternate or remote locations not attached to america, the building or in a wing of the building with a dedicated HVAC system to bronfenbrenner, limit contamination and damage to the main building. Consider loading docks in structures unattached to the main building with a dedicated HVAC system to limit contamination and damage to the main building. These threats may include active shooters, random drive-by shootings to high-powered rifle attacks directed at specific targets within the facility (assassinations).
It is important to quantify the potential risk and to establish the appropriate level of protection. The most common ballistic protection rating systems include: Underwriters Laboratories (UL), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), H.P. White Laboratory, and ASTM International. Essay Count. Materials are rated based on their ability to stop specific ammunition (e.g., projectile size and velocity). Some items to consider include: Obscuration or concealment screening using trees and hedges, berms, solid fencing, walls, and less critical buildings Ballistic resistant rated materials and products Locating critical assets away from direct lines of sight through windows and doors Minimize number and note for a research paper, size of windows Physical energy absorption screens such as solid fences, walls, earthen parapets Provide opaque windows or window treatments such as reflective coatings, shades or drapes to decrease sight lines. Avoid sight lines to assets through vents, skylights, or other building openings Use foyers or other door shielding techniques to block observation through a doorway from an camp personal, outside location. Avoid main entrances to buildings or critical assets that face the perimeter or an eyre essays, uncontrolled vantage point Secured compartmentalization of the facility to america personal essay word, limit internal mobility Mass notification and jane and feminism, security systems Facility access control CCTV. Weapons of Mass Destruction: Chemical, Biological, and camp america personal essay word count, Radiological (CBR)
Commonly referred to intellect essay, as WMD, these threats generally have a low probability of occurrence but the consequences of an attack may be severe. These threats may be delivered by hand, mail, or as a result of accidental release of toxic industrial agents. While fully protecting a facility against such threats may not be feasible with few exceptions, there are several common sense and low cost measures that can improve resistance and reduce the risks. Essay Count. Some items to consider include: Protect ventilation pathways into the building Control access to jane, air inlets and water systems Locate air intake well above ground level Provide detection and filtration systems for HVAC systems, air intakes and water systems Provide for emergency HVAC shutoff and control Segregate portions of building spaces (i.e., provide separate HVAC for the lobby, loading docks, and essay count, the core of the building) Consider positive pressurization to keep contaminates outside of the facility Provide an emergency notification system to facilitate orderly response and evacuation Avoid building locations in depressions where air could stagnate Provide access control to mechanical rooms Provide CBR monitoring apparatus.
Cybersecurity - Protection Of Information And Infrastructure Control Systems. The Target Stores data hack brought increased attention to the network connectivity of facilities/buildings operations and maintenance vendors, the organization's business IT systems, and the facility/building control systems. Buildings are increasingly relying on building control systems with embedded communications technology and many enabled via the finance essay Internet. These systems provide critical services that allow a building to meet the functional and operational needs of building occupants, but they can also be easy targets for america personal, hackers and people with malicious intent. Attackers can exploit these systems to gain unauthorized access to facilities; be used as an entry point to the traditional informational technology (IT) systems and data; cause physical destruction of building equipment; and expose an organization to significant financial obligations to contain and eradicate malware or recover from a cyber-event. The facility/building controls systems such as the Building Automation Systems (BAS), Energy Management Systems (EMS), Physical Security Access Control Systems (PACS), and Fire Alarm Systems (FAS) are just beginning to note research, be considered as potential hacking points into an organization.
These control systems are often referred to as Operational Technologies (OT) and use a combination of traditional IT protocols such as TCP and UDP, but also use controls systems' unique protocols such as Modbus, BACnet, LonTalk, and DNP 3 to communicate with the sensors, devices, and essay word, actuators. IT is about data, OT is about controlling machines and OT is increasingly becoming more IP based. The Internet of Everything, Smart Grid, Smart Cities, Smart Buildings and Smart Cars are redefining the boundary between IT and OT. As the intellect essay IT and camp personal, OT systems have converged, so have the risk and vulnerabilities of hacking and using the finance OT systems as a point of entry and then pivoting up the network and taking control of other system assets. Table 4 Comparing IT and OT Systems. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been a primary source of personal essay word, IT cyber standards and guides. The NIST SP 800-37 and NIST SP 800-53 publications, the SANS Top Twenty controls, and ISO standards have been used by both government and industry as IT best practices for intellect essay, many years. Control System Cyber Exploits Increasing in Number and Complexity: On the OT side, the ISA 99 and camp essay word, NIST SP 800-82 Rev 2 Industrial Control Systems Security Guide provide the standards and jane and feminism essays, guides for Industrial Control Systems (ICS) 1 . ICS or OT has traditionally not received the america word same level of cyber scrutiny as the IT systems; however, malware such as Stuxnet, Duqu, and and blindness essay, Flame are now specifically designed to infect the OT components and devices at the firmware or Project File level, and then inject false commands to personal essay word count, spoof the operator's Human Machine Interface (HMI) console, establish a command and control channel to exfiltrate data (technical specifications, floor plans, drawings, etc.), create Botnets, or physically destroy the equipment and other IT systems. An underlying fundamental concept of the NIST SP 800-82 Rev 2 Industrial Control Systems Security Guide is the concept of cards for a research paper, Inbound Protection and Outbound Detection. All control systems should be on america personal a separate network with multiple levels of DMZs and intellect essay, sub-networks. Defending Building Control Systems: The WBDG Cybersecurity Resource Page is meant to be primarily for the buildings community, but also has additional information and links to other control systems, workshops, and training.
All facility/building owners, property managers, engineering, and security staff are highly encouraged to understand the personal essay basic principles of NIST SP 800-82 R2; know how to use the on urie DHS CSET tool; understand how the Shodan, Kali Linux, SamuraiSTFU, and other tools work for camp word count, penetration testing; and intellect essay, prepare to adopt new acquisition and procurement processes into america personal word count, their organizations. Whereas the IT community has had almost two decades to learn and intellect essay, implement cybersecurity, the OT community will have an accelerated learning curve and will need to america personal essay, work closely with senior management, IT, and other stakeholders to properly cybersecure their assets. Every building owner should have a building cybersecurity strategy and have the following key documents that cover both the IT and OT assets: System Security Plan (SSP); Plan of Action and Milestones (POAM); Information Technology and Concept of Operations Plan (ITCP); Incident Communications Procedures (ICP); Security Auditing Plan (SAP) DHS ICS-CERT maintains the list of vulnerabilities and alerts for control systems, and publishes the Cyber Security Evaluation Tool (CSET) which is free of charge to any organization and contains standards, guides, references, networking diagram tools, compliance evaluations, and can generate System Security Plans and cards research paper, other key documents. Another effort being led by the DHS Interagency Security Committee is the Securing Government Assets through Combined Traditional Security and america essay word, Information Technology White Paper . This document outlines the Risk Management Framework process applied to Physical Security systems such as Closed-Circuit Video Equipment (CCVE) or video systems, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and electronic Physical Access Control Systems (PACS). Key to the recommendations is to bring the physical security specialists, facility engineers and managers, IT, system integrators, and for a research, property owner to the table to conduct assessments and develop System Security Plans. DoD Cybersecurity Design Guidance and america personal count, Tactics, Techniques and research paper, Procedures. The DoD has adopted the personal essay Risk Management Framework (RMF) for all Information Technology and Operational Technology networks, components and devices to include Facility-Related Control Systems (FRCS). The DoD Unified Facility Criteria (UFC) 04-10-016 Cybersecuring Facility-Related Control Systems was published in September 2016 describes requirements for incorporating cybersecurity in the design of of Chinas growing significance for the between and Japan remain, all facility-related control systems.
It defines a process based on the Risk Management Framework suitable for control systems of any impact rating, and applies to all planning, design and construction, renovation, and repair of new and existing facilities and installations that result in DoD real property assets, regardless of america personal essay word, funding source. The publication is based on NIST SP 800-82 R2 and questions, is generic enough such that it can be used by any organization. The DoD Advanced Cyber Industrial Control Systems Tactics, Techniques and Procedures is a step-by-step guide on how to Detect, Mitigate and Recover a Facility-Related Control System that has been attacked/compromised, and establishes the camp personal word count requirement for a Jump-Kit Rescue CD with the Fully Mission Capable Baseline configurations. The publication is generic enough such that can it be used by any organization. The DoD ESTCP Cybersecurity Guidelines website is a comprehensive One Stop Shop for Cybersecurity Guidance.
ESTCP FRCS projects will be required to meet RMF requirements and demonstrate the on urie capability to meet certain cybersecurity criteria, and if required, obtain an camp personal essay, Authorization To Operate (ATO) on essay the DoD Information Network (DoDIN). The site provides step-by-step instructions to create a baseline risk assessment in the planning and design phases, how to create a Test and Development Environment, a Design and Construction Sequence Table that identifies deliverables and expected timeframe such as when and camp personal essay word, how to perform Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) in the construction phase; and jane, conduct full Site Acceptance Testing (to include penetration testing) for system turnover, templates, resources and tools. Building Design to Mitigate the Potential for essay count, a Progressive Collapse. Progressive collapse is loosely defined as a situation where a localized failure of a primary structural element leads to the collapse of adjacent structural elements, which propagates to disproportionate collapse of the structure. ASCE 7 states Progressive collapse is defined as the spread of an initial local failure from element to jane eyre essays, element, eventually resulting in camp word count, the collapse of an entire structure or disproportionately large part of it. The initial failure or damage could be from a number of different causes, which might include natural or man-made hazards. The phenomenon is applicable to structure of any appreciable size and type of construction. Concern is greatest for taller structures, as the propagation mechanism is jane and feminism essays typically vertical.
Design guidelines for camp personal count, the prevention of progressive collapse typically take a threat-independent approach that, regardless of initial cause, is intended to develop inherent robustness and continuity in the structure to on urie, resist and arrest propagation of personal, failure. For example, design of a structural frame to resist propagation of damage after loss of for a research paper, a primary vertical-load-carrying element (such as a load-bearing wall or column) is a typical threat-independent approach to providing this resistance. This approach assumes complete damage of the structural element being considered and enhances the structure to prevent disproportionate spread of camp personal essay word, damage. By assuming loss of single vertical-load-carrying elements at key locations in the structure, the designer can reduce the potential for progressive collapse, should an initiating event occur. Design approaches and requirements are presented by the Department of Defense (UFC 4-023-03 Design of Buildings to Resist Progressive Collapse ) and the General Services Administration (2013 Alternative Path Analysis Design Guidelines for Progressive Collapse Resistance). Each of these guidelines provides methods for analysis and of Chinas for the region why does remain, measures of acceptability to meet each specific criterion. Personal Essay Word Count. These Progressive Collapse guidelines (GSA and UFC) are currently the most complete sets of criteria in terms of providing usable guidance to the designer. Additional discussion of the role of Progressive Collapse mitigation measures in on urie, securing buildings can be found in the resource pages for Blast Safety of the Building Envelope and Designing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats.
Crash Rated Barriers and Applicable Standards. A successful site security plan often involves the establishment and enforcement of a controlled perimeter. The controlled perimeter may act to prevent threats that are transported by vehicles or by pedestrians from camp america personal, entering a standoff zone around a protected facility. A controlled perimeter that is designed to on urie bronfenbrenner, stop a vehicle from entering a protected site is often required to be crash or anti-ram rated. A crash rated barrier system is typically tested or engineered such that it can stop a certain size vehicle (i.e. America Essay Word Count. 4,000 lbs.,15,000 lbs.), travelling at a certain speed (i.e., 30 mph) from penetrating the controlled perimeter more than a certain distance (i.e., 3 ft.). Bronfenbrenner. The vehicle size, vehicle speed and penetration distance are typically determined based on the accessibility of the camp america personal count site, the topography and alignment of the of Chinas region why does the relationship Australia surrounding roadways and the required standoff distance. Camp America Personal Word. Crash rated barriers take various forms and can include bollards, cable reinforced fences and planters. Where vehicle access is required into the secure site for parking, maintenance, emergencies or deliveries, active vehicle barriers may be employed; these can include plate barriers, wedge barriers, retractable bollards or gates.
For more discussion regarding crash rated barrier assemblies, see UFC 4-022-02 Selection and Application of Vehicle Barriers , and the Bollard resource page. The governing crash testing standard used for evaluating barrier systems is finance essay questions ASTM F2656/F2656M, Standard Test Method for america word count, Crash Testing of Vehicle Security Barriers. This standard replaced the eyre essays DoS Diplomatic Security standard SD-STD-02.01, Revision A. ASTM F2656/F2656M includes Impact Condition Designations or Crash Ratings for camp essay, various test vehicles (ex. small passenger cars, pick-up trucks, medium-duty trucks and essays, heavy goods vehicles) traveling from america personal essay, 40–60 mph. An example impact condition designation is oedipus rex sight essay a H50 which designates a heavy goods vehicle traveling at 50 mph. Similar C–, PU–, and M–ratings are provided for the other test vehicle types. Integrating Security and word count, Historic Preservation. Balancing the site, facade, structural, and intellect essay, operational requirements of a building required to comply with security standards with historic preservation goals and standards can be particularly challenging.
Careful planning and an understanding of historic preservation objectives is necessary in order to address the requirements of both. America Essay Count. A discussion of intellect essay, retrofit methods that have been successfully employed to meet security requirements in existing buildings are provided in essay count, the Retrofitting Existing Buildings to questions, Resist Explosive Threats resource page. Specific challenges that may be encountered in applying these retrofit methodologies to camp america personal word, historic buildings include lack of intellect essay, documentation on the existing construction, differing building technology at the time of construction, low inherent strength and ductility of existing systems, and camp america word, limitations on modifications that can be made due to oedipus, historic preservation restrictions. Integrating Security and Sustainability. Providing for essay word count, sustainable design that meets all facility requirements is often a challenge. Intellect Essay. With limited resources, it is not always feasible to camp america count, provide for the most secure facility, architecturally expressive design, or energy efficient building envelope.
From the intellect essay planning and concept stages through the development of construction documents, it is important that all project or design stakeholders work cooperatively to camp america personal, ensure a balanced design. Successful designs must consider all competing design objectives and make the best selections. This applies as well to the site, as well as the eyre and feminism building. Ensure sustainable site design and CPTED are considered in concert with each other. Integrating Security and Fire Protection. Care should be taken to implement physical security measures that allow Fire Protection forces access to sites, buildings and building occupants with adequate means of emergency egress to comply fully with NFPA 101. GSA has conducted a study and developed recommendations on design strategies that achieve both secure and fire safe designs. Specifically, the issue of word, emergency ingress and egress through blast resistant window systems was studied.
Training was developed based on this information and is available at the ARA Firefighter Forcible Entry Tutorial. Integrated security systems can offer more efficient access and control. Photo Credit: Integrated Security Systems, LTD. There has been a general trend towards integrating various stand-alone security systems, integrating systems across remote locations, and integrating security systems with other systems such as communications, and fire and emergency management. Some CCTV, fire, mass notification systems, and burglar alarm systems have been integrated to form the foundation for In light region and Australia, between Australia and Japan remain, access control. The emerging trend is to integrate security systems with facility and personal count, personnel operational procedures. Essay. By involving facility stakeholders from the programming stage throughout the life of the project, the behavioral-based policies can be successfully integrated with security systems and forces. Seismic and blast resistant design share some common analytical methodologies and camp count, a performance based design philosophy that accepts varying levels of oedipus rex sight essay, damage in response to camp essay, varying levels of intellect essay, dynamic excitation.
Both design approaches recognize that it is cost prohibitive to provide comprehensive protection against all conceivable events and an appropriate level of protection that lessens the risk of mass casualties can be provided at a reasonable cost. Both seismic design and blast resistant design approaches benefit from a risk assessment that evaluates the functionality, criticality, occupancy, site conditions and design features of a building. While there may be more predictability with natural hazards, this is america personal word count not the note for a paper case with man-made hazards. Also the explosive threats of the future are very likely to be very different from the america personal explosive threats of the past. Another fundamental difference between seismic and blast events are the acceptable design limits.
Since earthquakes are more predictable and affect more structures than are affected by blast events, owners may be willing to accept different levels of risk relative to these different events, and this may translate into differences in acceptable design limits, as defined by allowable deformation, ductility and oedipus rex sight and blindness, other functions. Both seismic design and blast resistant design approaches consider the time-varying nature of the camp essay count loading function. For A Research. The response of a building to america essay count, earthquake loads is global in nature, with the base motions typically applied uniformly over the foundations of the buildings. These seismic motions induce forces that are proportional to the building mass. Blast loading is not uniformly applied to all portions of the building. Parts of the structure and components closest to and facing the of Chinas significance between Australia and Japan remain point of detonation will experience higher loading than components at america word count, a greater distance and/or not facing the point of detonation. The structure's mass also contributes to its inertial resistance. Due to the local versus global nature of blast loading, seismic loading analogies, including the concept of blast-induced base shears, must be applied with great care or they may be misconstrued to provide a false sense of protection. Building configuration characteristics, such as size, shape and location of structural elements, are important issues for both seismic and blast resistant design. The manner in which forces are distributed throughout the building is intellect essay strongly affected by its configuration. While seismic forces are proportional to the mass of the personal essay count building and increase the demand, inertial resistance plays a significant role in the design of structures to reduce the response to jane eyre, blast loading.
Structures that are designed to resist seismic forces benefit from low height-to-base ratios, balanced resistance, symmetrical plans, uniform sections and elevations, the camp count placement of intellect essay, shear walls and lateral bracing to maximize torsional resistance, short spans, direct load paths and uniform floor heights. While blast resistant structures share many of camp essay, these same attributes, the reasons for doing so may differ. For example, seismic excitations may induce torsional response modes in structures with re-entrant corners. These conditions provide pockets where blast pressures may reflect off of adjacent walls and amplify the blast effects. Essay Questions. Similarly, first floor arcades that produce overhangs or reentrant corners create localized concentrations of blast pressure and expose areas of the floor slab that may be uplifted. In seismic design, adjacent structures may suffer from the personal count effects of pounding in which the two buildings may hit one another as they respond to the base motions. Adjacent structures in dense urban environments may be vulnerable to jane eyre and feminism essays, amplification of blast effects due to the multiple reflections of blast waves as they propagate from the camp personal word count source of the detonation. While the geology of the site has a significant influence on the seismic motions that load the structure, the surrounding geology of the site will influence the size of the blast crater and the reflectivity of the blast waves off the ground surface. On an element level, the plastic deformation demands for both seismically loaded structures and blast-loaded structures require attention to details. Many similar detailing approaches can be used to achieve the ductile performance of structural elements when subjected to both blast and seismic loading phenomenon.
Concrete columns require lateral reinforcement to provide confinement to the core and prevent premature buckling of the rebar. Closely spaced ties and spiral reinforcement are particularly effective in increasing the ductility of on urie, a concrete compression element. Carbon fiber wraps and steel jacket retrofits provide comparable confinement to existing structures. Steel column splices must be located away from regions of plastic hinging or must be detailed to develop the full moment capacity of the section. America Personal Essay Word Count. Local flange buckling must be avoided by using closely spaced stiffeners or, in the case of blast resistant design, the intellect essay concrete encasement of the word steel section. Reinforced concrete beam sections require resistance to intellect essay, positive and negative bending moments. In addition to personal word, the effects of load reversals and rebound, doubly reinforced sections possess greater ductility than singly reinforced counterparts.
Steel beams may be constructed composite with the concrete deck in order to increase the ultimate capacity of the section; however, this increase is not equally effective for both positive and intellect essay, negative moments. While the composite slab may brace the camp america personal word top flange of the steel section, the cards for a paper bottom flange is vulnerable to buckling. Addressing blast and seismic design goals may be achieved through the consideration of many of the same building attributes and utilizing similar design and camp america personal essay, detailing solutions. An understanding of the differences between these two loading phenomenon, the effects on the structure, and the performance requirements are essential in order to select and implement the essay bronfenbrenner appropriate choices for camp america personal, achieving the project's goals. See the Designing Buildings to Resist Explosive Threats page for essay questions, additional discussion on this topic. Highly complex security system design is still neither codified nor regulated, and no universal codes or standards apply to all public and private sector buildings. However, in many cases, government agencies, including the military services, and camp america word, private sector organizations have developed specific security design criteria. These standards must be flexible and change in response to emerging threats. Executive Orders Executive Order 12977, Interagency Security Committee, October 19, 1995 Executive Order 13286, Amendment of essay, Executive Orders, and Other Actions, in Connection With the camp america word count Transfer of Certain Functions to the Secretary of Homeland Security, February 28, 2003 Executive Order 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, March 25, 2015 Delegations Delegation Number: 7035.1, 02/01/2005, Delegation of the Chair of the Interagency Security Committee to the Chief Security Officer Delegation Number: 7035.2, 08/15/2007, Delegation of the Chair of the Interagency Security Committee to the Assistant Secretary of Infrastructure Protection Presidential Directives Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection, December 17, 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12, Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors, August 27, 2004 Homeland Security Presidential Directive 20, National Continuity Policy, May 4, 2007 Department of intellect essay, Homeland Security — Interagency Security Committee Policies, Standards, and Best Practices. Department of Defense FM 3-19.30 Physical Security —Sets forth guidance for all personnel responsible for physical security MIL-HDBK-1013/1A Design Guidelines for Physical Security of Facilities PDC TR-10-01, Conventional Construction Standoff Distances of the personal count Low and Very Low Levels of essay on urie, Protection IAW UFC 4-010-01 PDC TR-10-02, Blast Resistant Design Methodologies for Window Systems Designed Statically and Dynamically UFC 4-010-01 DoD Minimum Anti-Terrorism Standards for america essay, Buildings UFC 4-010-02 DoD Minimum Standoff Distances for Buildings (FOUO) UFC 4-010-05 Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities Planning, Design, and Construction UFC 4-020-01 DoD Security Engineering Facilities Planning Manual UFC 4-020-02FA Security Engineering: Concept Design (FOUO) UFC 4-020-03FA Security Engineering: Final Design (FOUO) UFC 4-021-01 Design and of Chinas growing for the why does the relationship remain important?, OM: Mass Notification Systems UFC 4-021-02 Electronic Security Systems UFC 4-022-01 Security Engineering: Entry Control Facilities / Access Control Points UFC 4-022-02 Selection and Application of Vehicle Barriers UFC 4-023-03 Design of Buildings to camp essay count, Resist Progressive Collapse UFC 4-023-07 Design to Resist Direct Fire Weapons Effects UFC 4-023-10 Safe Havens UFC 4-024-01 Security Engineering: Procedures for Designing Airborne Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Protection for In light of Chinas growing the relationship and Japan, Buildings General Services Administration (GSA) PBS-P100 Facilities Standards for the Public Buildings Service , Chapter 8 2013 Alternate Path Analysis Design Guidelines For Progressive Collapse Resistance Occupant Emergency Program Guide Other official use only documents may be obtained from the Office of the personal count Chief Architect Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) VA Office of In light of Chinas region why does the relationship between, Construction Facilities Management—Technical Information Library VA Physical Security Design Manual (Mission Critical Facilities, and Life-Safety Protected Facilities) Department of Homeland Security BIPS 01 Aging Infrastructure: Issues, Research, and Technology BIPS 02 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Mass Transit Stations BIPS 03 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Tunnels BIPS 04 Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings BIPS 05 Preventing Structures from Collapsing BIPS 06 / FEMA 426 Reference Manual to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings BIPS 07 / FEMA 428 Primer to camp america personal word count, Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and School Shootings BIPS 08 Field Guide for Building Stabilization and Shoring Techniques BIPS 09 Blast Load Effects in Urban Canyons: A New York City Study (FOUO) BIPS 10 High Performance Based Design for the Building Enclosure Chemical Facility Anti-terrorism Standards Colleges and Universities and the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) Brochure Colleges and Universities and the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) Fact Sheet National Monuments and Icons Sector-Specific Plan - An Annex to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan , 2010 NIPP Risk Management Government Sector Specific Plan The Role of Emergency Responders in the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Cyber Security Evaluation Tool (CSET) Active Shooter - How to Respond Active Shooter Pocket Card Committee on National Security Systems CNSSI No. 1253 Security Categorization and Control Selection for and feminism essays, National Security Systems , Version 2 , March 2012 Department of State Architectural Engineering Design Guideline (5 Volumes) (For Official Use Only) Physical Security Standards Handbook, 07 January 1998 (For Official Use Only) Structural Engineering Guidelines for New Embassy Office Buildings, August 1995 (For Official Use Only) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) FAA Order 1600.69 Security Risk Management Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) FEMA P-361 Safe Rooms for Tornadoes and camp count, Hurricanes: Guidance for Community and Residential Safe Rooms, Third Edition FEMA 386 Mitigation Planning How-To Series FEMA 386-7 Integrating Manmade Hazards into Mitigation Planning FEMA 424 Design Guide for intellect essay, Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods and High Winds FEMA 427 Primer for america personal word count, Design of eyre and feminism, Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks FEMA 429 Insurance, Finance, and Regulation Primer for Terrorism Risk Management in Buildings FEMA 430 Site and Urban Design for camp america personal count, Security FEMA 452 Risk Assessment - A How-To Guide to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings FEMA 453 Design Guidance for Shelters and Safe Rooms FEMA 543 Design Guide for Improving Critical Facility Safety from Flooding and High Winds FEMA P-750 NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions Interagency Security Committee (ISC) The Risk Management Process for Federal Facilities, Appendix A: Design-Basis Threat Report (FOUO) 11th Edition, January 2017 Interagency Security Committee Policies, Standards, and Best Practices National Institute of jane eyre and feminism, Standards and Technology (NIST) NIST Special Publication 800-53 Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations , Revision 4 , April, 2013 NIST Special Publication 800-82 Guide to Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security , Revision 2 , May 2015 Draft NIST Special Publication 1108R3 NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards/em, Release 3.0 , May 2014.
Department of Commerce Administrative Orders DAO 207-10 Inspector General Investigations DAO 206-5 Occasional Use of Public Areas in Public Buildings DAO 207-1 Security Programs, Designing for Security in the Nation's Capital by camp the National Capital Planning Commission (NVPC). October 2001 NIOSH 2002-139 Guidance for Protecting Building Environments from Airborne Chemical, Biological, or Radiological Attacks by the National Institute for essay on urie bronfenbrenner, Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), May 2002 NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security , September 2010 Owner's Project Performance Requirements Tool More on Occupant Emergency Plans, GSA Occupant Emergency Plans—Development, Implementation, and Maintenance , The Federal Protective Service, November 2007 Protective Glazing Manual by PGC International Vulnerability Assessment of Federal Facilities by Department of Justice. ASCE 7-16, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and camp america count, Other Structures ASCE Standard 59-11, Blast Protection of Buildings ASIS GDL PSO-2010 Private Security Officer Selection and eyre and feminism essays, Training ASIS GDL FPSM-2009 Physical Security Measures ASIS GDL WPV 09-2005 Workplace Violence Prevention and america, Response ASIS GDL IAP 05-2007 Information Asset Protection Guideline Design of Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities , Second Edition by American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010 ICC IBC International Building Code. Protective Design Center—Tool also includes software developed by the USACE and eyre essays, maintained on the PDC web site these include SBEDS, VAPO, CEDAWS, etc. Department of Defense (DOD) Anti-terrorism body—Pentagon's J34 NAVFAC Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center (NAVFAC EXWC) Ready Campaign—Terrorist Hazards Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) U.S. Essay Word. Army Corps of Engineers, Electronic Security Center U.S. On Urie Bronfenbrenner. Army Corps of Engineers, Protective Design Center U.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Homeland Security. American Society of camp america count, Civil Engineers (ASCE) ASIS International Battelle Memorial Institute, National Security Program Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) DoD Security Engineering Working Group (no website) Federal Facilities Council (FFC) Standing Committee on oedipus rex sight and blindness Physical Security and Hazard Mitigation (Sponsored by camp personal essay word National Academies of Science) FM Global International CPTED Association (ICA) Multihazard Mitigation Council National Crime Prevention Council National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) National Institute of Standards and jane eyre, Technology (NIST) Postal Security—Universal Postal Union Protective Glazing Council (PGC) Security Industry Association (SIA) Security Analysis and Risk Management Association (SARMA) Society of American Military Engineers (SAME) The Infrastructure Security Partnership (TISP) Homeland Security Today Government Security News Security Magazine Security Management, a publication of ASIS International.
21st Century Security and CPTED: Designing for Critical Infrastructure Protection and word count, Crime Prevention, Second Edition by Randall I. Atlas, 2013 by CRC Press. Agent-Based Simulation of Human Movements During Emergency Evacuations of Facilities Joseph L. Smith, PSP, Applied Research Associates, Inc. Anthrax-Contaminated Facilities: Preparations and a Standard for Remediation by the Congressional Research Service. Bronfenbrenner. 2005. Camp Word. Creating Defensible Space by of Chinas significance and Australia, why does and Japan Oscar Newman. Washington, DC: Office of Policy Development and Research (PDR) U.S.
Department of Housing and Urban Development, April 1996. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design by Ray Jeffery, 1977 National Symposium of Comprehensive Force Protection, Society of American Military Engineers (SAME), Charleston, SC, October 2001. Lindbergh Associates. NIST World Trade Center Disaster Study Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies, Second Edition Ronald V. Clark, editor Protecting Building Occupants—Building Vulnerabilities—includes useful information about biological threats to building occupants, practical steps for reducing risk, and camp personal essay word count, costs and benefits of risk reduction measures, along with a wealth of related materials and additional resources, from the eyre Center for Health Security at Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of camp personal, Public Health. 1 [The NIST definition of ICS includes a wide range of control systems; an emerging term to categorize these converged systems is Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)]
WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and essay on urie, technologies. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. An Authoritative Source of Innovative Solutions for the Built Environment. 1090 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 700 | Washington, DC 20005-4950 | (202) 289-7800. © 2017 National Institute of Building Sciences. Personal. All rights reserved.
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Writing the Scholarship Essay : by Kay Peterson, Ph.D. It’s the hardest part of your scholarship application. But it’s also the part of the application where the personal word count ‘real you’ can shine through. Make a hit with these tips from In light of Chinas significance for the and Australia, the relationship remain important?, scholarship providers: Think before you write.
Brainstorm to generate some good ideas and then create an essay count outline to help you get going. Be original. In Light Of Chinas Significance For The Region And Australia, Why Does The Relationship Between And Japan Remain? The judges may be asked to review hundreds of essays. It’s your job to make your essay stand out from the rest. So be creative in your answers. Show, don’t tell. Use stories, examples and anecdotes to individualize your essay and personal essay word, demonstrate the point you want to make. By using specifics, you’ll avoid vagueness and generalities and make a stronger impression. Develop a theme. Don’t simply list all your achievements. Decide on a theme you want to convey that sums up the impression you want to make.
Write about experiences that develop that theme. Know your audience. Personal essays are not ‘one size fits all.’ Write a new essay for each application-one that fits the interests and requirements of that scholarship organization. You’re asking to be selected as the research paper representative for that group. The essay is your chance to show how you are the ideal representative. Submit an personal essay word count essay that is neat and readable.
Make sure your essay is questions neatly typed, and camp america essay count, that there is a lot of ‘white space’ on the page. Double-space the In light of Chinas growing significance why does the relationship between Australia and Japan remain essay, and provide adequate margins (1?-1 1/2?) on all sides. Make sure your essay is well written. Proofread carefully, check spelling and grammar and share your essay with friends or teachers. Another pair of eyes can catch errors you might miss. Special thanks to the scholarship specialists who contributed these tips: TROA Scholarship Fund.
Kathy Borunda, Corporate Development. Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers Foundation. The American Legion. Patti Cohen, Program Manager. Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation. AFSA Scholarship Programs. Thomas Murphy, Executive Director. Konieg Education Foundation. Lisa Portenga, Scholarship Coordinator. The Fremont Area Foundation.
Practice Session: Common Essay Questions — by personal essay word count, Roxana Hadad. The essay — It’s the most important part of your scholarship application, and it can be the hardest. But the oedipus rex sight and blindness essay essay shouldn’t keep you from applying. Take a look at some of the most commonly asked essay questions and camp count, use them to prepare for your scholarship applications. Brainstorm ideas, do some research or create your own ‘stock’ of scholarship essays. When the time comes, you’ll be ready to write your way to scholarship success!
Your Field of Specialization and Academic Plans. Some scholarship applications will ask you to oedipus and blindness essay, write about your major or field of study. Camp Personal Essay? These questions are used to determine how well you know your area of specialization and why you’re interested in it. How will your study of _______ contribute to your immediate or long range career plans? Why do you want to be a _______? Explain the oedipus essay importance of (your major) in today’s society. What do you think the industry of _______ will be like in the next 10 years? What are the most important issues your field is camp america essay word count facing today? To test your skills at problem-solving and check how up-to-date you are on finance essay, current issues, many scholarship applications include questions about problems and issues facing society. What do you consider to be the single most important societal problem? Why?
If you had the authority to camp word, change your school in a positive way, what specific changes would you make? Pick a controversial problem on college campuses and suggest a solution. What do you see as the greatest threat to finance essay questions, the environment today? Scholarships exist to reward and encourage achievement. You shouldn’t be surprised to personal word count, find essay topics that ask you to brag a little. Describe how you have demonstrated leadership ability both in and out of school. Discuss a special attribute or accomplishment that sets you apart. Describe your most meaningful achievements and eyre essays, how they relate to your field of study and your future goals. Why are you a good candidate to receive this award. Who you are is closely tied to where you’ve been and who you’ve known.
To learn more about camp personal count you, some scholarship committees will ask you to write about oedipus rex sight and blindness your background and major influences. Pick an experience from your own life and explain how it has influenced your development. Who in camp america personal essay word, your life has been your biggest influence and finance essay questions, why? How has your family background affected the way you see the world? How has your education contributed to who you are today? Scholarship sponsors look for applicants with vision and motivation, so they might ask about camp personal essay count your goals and aspirations. Briefly describe your long- and questions, short-term goals. Where do you see yourself 10 years from now? Why do you want to get a college education? Many scholarship providers have a charitable goal: They want to provide money for students who are going to have trouble paying for college.
In addition to asking for information about your financial situation, these committees may want a more detailed and personal account of camp america word count your financial need. From a financial standpoint, what impact would this scholarship have on your education? State any special personal or family circumstances affecting your need for In light growing significance Australia and Japan, financial assistance. How have you been financing your college education? Some essay questions don’t seem directly related to your education, but committees use them to test your creativity and get a more well-rounded sense of your personality. Choose a person or persons you admire and camp america personal word, explain why. Choose a book or books and that have affected you deeply and explain why. While you can’t predict every essay question, knowing some of the most common ones can give you a leg up on applications.
Start brainstorming now, and you may find yourself a winner! Essay Feedback: Creating Your Structure — by Kay Peterson, Ph.D. You might think that the jane eyre and feminism essays secret of a winning scholarship essay is to write about personal essay word count a great idea. Rex Sight And Blindness? But that’s only half the job. The best essays take a great idea and present it effectively through the structure of the essay. To see how important structure is, let’s look at camp personal word count an essay by Emily H. And Feminism Essays? In her application for the UCLA Alumni Scholarship, Emily responds to the following essay topic: “Please provide a summary of camp america personal count your personal and family background, including information about your family, where you grew up, and perhaps a highlight or special memory of your youth.” Here’s how Emily responded: To me, home has never been associated with the note for a research paper word “permanent.” I seem to use it more often with the camp word “different” because I’ve lived in a variety of on urie places ranging from Knoxville, Tennessee, to Los Angeles, California. While everyone knows where Los Angeles is on a map, very few even know which state Knoxville is in. Personal Word Count? Fortunately, I’ve had the chance to live in the east and west and to view life from two disparate points.
I always get the same reaction from people when I tell them that I’m originally from a small town in Tennessee called Knoxville. Along with surprised, incredulous looks on essay on urie, their faces, I’m bombarded with comments like “Really? You don’t sound or look as if you’re from america personal essay, Tennessee.” These reactions are nearly all the eyre same because everyone sees me as a typical Californian who loves the sunny weather, the beach and the city. They don’t know that I lived in Reading, Pennsylvania, before I moved to essay count, Chattanooga, Tennessee, and then moved again to Knoxville, Tennessee. The idea of my living anywhere in eyre and feminism essays, the vicinity of the South or any place besides California is inconceivable to many because I’ve adapted so well to the surroundings in which I currently find myself. This particular quality, in a sense, also makes me a more cosmopolitan and open-minded person. Having already seen this much of the world has encouraged me to essay, visit other places like Paris or London and growing for the and Australia, the relationship between and Japan important?, the rest of the world. My open-mindedness applies not only to new places, but also to intriguing ideas and opportunities. This attitude towards life prepares me for the vast array of america essay word opportunities that still lie ahead in the future.
From my experiences of jane eyre moving place to place, I have also come to acknowledge the deep bond I share with my family. Count? It has helped me realize the eyre essays importance of camp supporting each other through tough times. Moving from Tennessee to California meant saying good-bye to the house we had lived in for essay, six years, longtime friends and the calm, idyllic lifestyle of the country that we had grown to love and savor. But knowing that we had each other to depend on america personal essay count, made the transition easier. It also strengthened the bond we all shared and placed more value on the time we spent with each other, whether it was at home eating dinner or going on a family trip. Now when I think of the essay word “home,” I see the bluish-gray house I live in now.
In the past, however, “home” has been associated with houses of varying sizes, colors and forms. The only thing that has remained unchanging and personal, permanent is my family. I have acknowledged this constancy, knowing well enough that it is, and always will be, a part of me and a unique part of my life. Los Angeles is one of many places in essay, which I’ve lived. This fact by camp america essay count, itself has had a tremendous impact on me. This kind of intellect essay essay topic can be difficult because it is very general. Emily deftly avoids this pitfall by focusing her essay on one topic: the fact that she’s moved many times. As a result, this essay contains a lot of winning elements: Her opening sentence is great. It really grabs the reader’s attention because it’s unexpected and paradoxical. We want to learn more about personal count her.
Her story is unique; she doesn’t rely on essay on urie, cliches. She provides a lot of personal detail; we feel the differences among the various cities. She’s focused the account so we learn just enough, not too much. She tells us why these events are important. And Feminism? Rather than just listing the cities, she tells us how her experiences have affected her. But there are also a number of things she could do to camp america personal count, improve her essay:
Opening paragraph gets off to a strong start, but quickly loses steam. The last sentence is too vague. The second paragraph is far too long, and covers too many ideas. The transitions among the various ideas are underdeveloped. There’s a thought progression behind her essay that isn’t supported by significance for the region and Australia, remain, the transitions. Conclusion is weak and doesn’t capture the much richer ideas that resonate throughout her essay. The first thing Emily should do is step back from her essay and think about how she has organized her ideas-that is, what structure has she provided? She can do this by creating an outline of the ideas that appear in her essay. Camp Essay Word Count? It should look something like this:
a. Emily has lived in a lot of places. b. Emily has viewed life from two disparate points. 2. Body (one paragraph) a. People don’t guess that Emily is not originally from California. b. Finance? That’s because she has adapted so well to her current environment. c. Camp Essay Word Count? This adaptability has made her open-minded about the world around her, and ready to take new opportunities. d. She’s also learned to recognize and value the bond with her family, which gives her a sense of permanence throughout all the intellect essay changes. 3. Camp Essay? Conclusion: Los Angeles is one of the places she has lived.
As we can see, Emily’s essay is jam-packed with good ideas. With the questions exception of the conclusion (which she should cut), everything in here is meaningful and necessary. Personal Essay Word? What she needs to do now is essay identify the most important idea for the whole essay and then rearrange the points so that they support that idea. What is the overriding idea? I identified a number of fruitful ideas that involve these various points: Constant change has been challenging, but learning how to deal with change has made Emily ready for america essay word, more challenges in the future. Constant change has had a paradoxical effect on intellect essay, Emily: It’s taught her both how to be adaptable and personal count, how determine what is truly permanent (i.e. her family). Constant change has taught her all about different parts of the country, but has also taught her that while she grows and changes, she’ll still remain the same person she always was. Once Emily has decided what main idea she wants to communicate, she can then restructure the points to note for a paper, support that idea. She may find that she needs to cut some points or develop others more fully. Camp Personal Essay Word Count? The key is to make it clear how those points relate to the central idea and to use meaningful transitions that point the way to the next idea.
With a new structure in place, Emily should have a unique and winning essay! Once you have determined which scholarships you will apply for, write to them and ask for oedipus and blindness essay, their scholarship application and requirements. The letter can be a general request for camp america personal essay, information “form” letter that can be photocopied, but you should be specific about the eyre name of the scholarship you are inquiring about on the envelope. Write to each source as far in advance of word count their scholarship deadline as possible and don’t forget to send a self-addressed, stamped envelope(SASE) — it not only expedites their reply, but some organizations won’t respond without one. Remember, on the outside of the envelope, list the name of the specific scholarship you are inquiring about. On Urie Bronfenbrenner? That way, the person opening the mail will know where to camp personal essay word count, direct your inquiry. Here is an example of oedipus essay what your letter might look like: XYZ Corporation (Ian Scott Smith Scholarship) 1234 56th Street, Suite 890. Metropolis, FL 00000-0000. Dear Scholarship Coordinator:
I am a (college) student (give academic year) and will be applying for admission to (a graduate) program for academic year 20__ – __. I would appreciate any information you have available on educational financing, including application forms. I am enclosing a self-addressed, stamped business size envelope for your convenience in replying. Daniel J. Cassidy. 2280 Airport Boulevard. Santa Rosa, CA 95403. Make sure your letter is camp america essay neatly typed, well written and does not contain grammatical errors or misspelled words. When filling out significance and Australia, why does the relationship remain important? scholarship application forms, be complete, concise and creative. People who read these applications want to camp america personal word count, know the real you, not just your name.
The application should clearly emphasize your ambitions, motivations and what makes you different. Be original! You will find that once you have seen one or two applications, you have pretty much seen them all. Usually they are one or two pages asking where you are going to school, what you are going to major in and why you think you deserve the oedipus and blindness essay scholarship. America Word? Some scholarship sources require that you join their organization. If the organization relates to your field of study, you should strongly consider joining because it will keep you informed (via newsletter, etc.) about developments in that field. Other scholarship organizations may want you to promise that you will work for In light growing significance for the between Australia remain, them for a year or two after you graduate. The Dow Jones Newspaper Fund offers a scholarship for up to america personal essay word, $20,000 for journalism, broadcasting, and communications students with the understanding that the student will intern for them for oedipus and blindness, two years. This could even yield a permanent job for the student. Your application should be typewritten and neat. I had a complaint from one foundation about a student who had an excellent background and qualifications but used a crayon to fill out the camp america personal application.
Once your essay is finished, make a master file for it and other supporting items. Photocopy your essay and attach it to In light of Chinas growing for the between Australia and Japan, the application. If requested include: a resume or curriculum vitae (CV), extracurricular activities sheet (usually one page), transcripts, SAT, GRE, or MCAT scores, letters of recommendation (usually one from america personal essay count, a professor, employer and friend) outlining your moral character and, if there are any newspaper articles, etc. about you, it is a good idea to include them as well. You might also include your photograph, whether it’s a graduation picture or a snapshot of your working at your favorite hobby. This helps the selection committee feel a little closer to you. Instead of questions just seeing a name, they will have a face to match it. Mail your applications in america essay word, early , at least a month before the deadline. **Dr. Peterson has won numerous college and graduate scholarships, including the Jacob Javits Fellowship, the jane eyre and feminism essays University of California Regents Scholarship and the National Merit Scholarship.
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Orwell#8217;s 1984: Privacy Issues and Public Manipulation. The links related to privacy issues taught me all of the negative things that come along with modern technology and social websites. Camp America Essay! In Tom Head’s Big Brother is essay on urie bronfenbrenner Watching , he says that “as technology improves, privacy as we know it will inevitably evaporate; the best we can hope for is the power to camp america, watch the watchers.” By this he means that with the advancement of technology comes the decline of and feminism, individual privacy. This holds true in my opinion, because I believe that the use of modern technology is essay linked to intellect essay, the decline is america personal essay personal relations, and the decline of personal relationships is intellect essay linked to the weakening value associated with privacy. There are other ways that privacy is currently invaded other than the use of social media sites.
For starters, the CIFA has previously “exceeded its authority and conducted unauthorized spying on innocent people and organizations,” (The Other Big Brother). They have even acknowledged that some reports may contain information on U.S. Camp Personal! citizens and groups that “never should have been obtained.” Also, this same source states that the National Security Agency to monitor telephone conversations in the U.S. It has been proven, according to this source, that CIFA’s database has contained information that “may have violated regulations,” because the department isn’t allowed to retain information about and blindness, citizens for more than 90 days unless there is a reasonable belief that the personal essay word count, person is linked to of Chinas growing the relationship Australia and Japan remain important?, terrorism or foreign intelligence. This regulation has been violated. Also in use are video surveillance, face recognition software, GPS tracking, all of which go beyond the human eye and the evidence these technologies hold leaves an unsettling feeling to potential “victims,” (Tana Ganeva, Massive New Biometric Database ). The links related to public manipulation showed me that things aren’t always as they seem. There was one link that confirmed that the portrait of camp personal essay, Abraham Lincoln was actually Lincoln’s head painted atop of growing significance region and Australia, the relationship Australia remain important?, John Calhoun’s body.
The link “Orwell and March Madness” talked about an advertisement stating that African-American male student athletes are 10% more likely to graduate. A comparison of college basketball players with other full-time student proves otherwise—that the athletes were 20% less likely to graduate than non-athletes. This link, (Orwell and March Madness) directly reminded me of the scene in america personal word 1984 where Winston overhears the telescreen state that the chocolate rations had been raised to 20g when he knew for a fact that the rations had just been dropped to 20g from 30g. In Oceania, the people believe whatever Big Brother tells them to believe. Jane Eyre And Feminism Essays! If the telescreen says rations of camp america essay count, goods have been raised, then they have been raised. If the telescreen says that conditions today are better than the conditions of the finance essay questions, past, it is truth. If the telescreen reports that they are at personal word count, war with Eurasia, they have always been at war with Eurasia and Eastasia has always been their allied country. Jane And Feminism Essays! The people of Oceania are constantly manipulated by their government to believe that Big Brother is their provider, protector, and savior. Either they mask their realization and pretend to believe in the Party, they really don’t realize that they’re being manipulated, or they are punished and tortured in the Ministry of Love like Winston is in the very end of the america personal essay count, novel. The telescreens can always see and hear whatever is essay bronfenbrenner going on, both in public and personal word count, private settings. There are no secrets and there is no privacy.
They have eyes and cards research, ears everywhere, in technological forms and in the form of undercover spies, like Mr. Charrington. If someone is acting or believed to be thinking suspiciously, that person is captured, tortured, and executed, then vaporized into an imaginary non-existence. All of this happens simply because the government, Big Brother, has some sort of inkling that one person is not thinking and behaving exactly like the rest. It could potentially be caused by nothing more than mere suspicion, suspicion that wouldn’t exist if it weren’t for the governmental spies—the Thought Police and the telescreens.
The technology of Oceania’s society is the core of its societal and camp count, moral destruction. This brings me back to Tom Head’s statement: “As technology improves, privacy as we know it will inevitably evaporate; the best we can hope for is the note cards for a, power to watch the watchers.” In Oceania, their technology was so advanced that the camp personal essay word count, people were continuously watched, leaving them no privacy. The best the people there could hope for was the existence of The Brotherhood—an organization conspiring to overthrow the unjust Big Brother—or a revolt against Big Brother himself. The could only hope to cards research, free themselves by watching Big Brother watch them, see what he sees in order to do what he is personal count incapable of seeing. While George Orwell’s ideas about governmental surveillance were far-fetched at jane and feminism, the time, and still seem over-the-top today, his underlying interpretation of the future government holds true. We are watched and our activities are monitored by our government, though not to the severity assumed by Orwell in 1984. Researching the privacy issues and the ways our government manipulates the public opinion by use of america count, advertisements makes me feel like I ought to be more cautious, especially when on the internet.
I have also learned that in finance questions order to know the truth behind certain ads, I ought to research that ad, not just trust it for what it is. Some may say the current state of government surveillance is camp america count minimal and doesn’t make much difference, and perhaps that is true, however, what level may it reach in the near future?
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Eavan Boland Boland, Eavan (Poetry Criticism) - Essay. (Full name Eavan Aisling Boland) Irish poet and critic. Boland is viewed as one of the most important poets in contemporary Irish literature. Critics commend her exploration of feminist issues in her work, particularly the role of women in america word, Irish literature and society. In her poetry she has also subverted traditional Irish mythology and concepts of female identity in order to express a more accurate perspective on significance region and Australia, between Australia and Japan remain important?, the contributions and achievements of personal word count, women in Irish history, politics, and culture.
Boland was born on September 24, 1944, in Dublin. Her father, the Irish diplomat Frederick H. Intellect Essay? Boland, was posted in 1950 as the Irish Ambassador to the Court of St. James in London, and then in 1956 as the President of the United Nations General Assembly. Growing up in London and New York City, Boland felt alienated from her Irish heritage, particularly in London, where she encountered prejudice against the Irish. As a teenager she returned to Ireland and attended the Holy Child Convent in Killiny, County Dublin. She immersed herself in Irish culture and began to write poetry. America Personal Essay Count? In 1962 she attended Trinity College in Dublin and published her first collection of verse, 23 Poems. In 1966 she received degrees in English and essay, Latin from Trinity and was hired by the English department as a lecturer. In a short time, however, she left Trinity and became a full-time literary critic and poet. Much of her early poetry focused on domestic concerns, such as marriage, children, and her home in a suburb of Dublin. Yet with the publication of In Her Own Image (1980), critics began to take notice of camp count, her exploration of feminist issues, particularly the role of female poets within the patriarchal literary establishment in Ireland.
Her work generated much controversy and intellect essay, brought her international recognition as a feminist literary figure. She has taught at several universities, including University College, Dublin; Bowdoin College; the University of Utah; and Stanford University. In addition, she has received several awards for her work, such as the Lannan Award for Poetry in 1994, the Bucknell Medal of Merit in 2000, and the Frederick Nims Memorial Prize in 2002. Boland's early poems were conventional in style, centered on camp america personal essay count, a celebration of domestic issues such as marriage and children, and were heavily influenced by the work of jane eyre essays, William Butler Yeats. Yet even at this early stage she demonstrated a recurring interest in the role of women in camp america personal essay, Irish literature and society, which later became a central thematic concern of her poetry and essays. In In Her Own Image, Boland explores such topics as domestic abuse, anorexia, breast cancer, and infanticide. She also addresses the lack of real women in Irish myths and national history and announces her suspicion of the male literary tradition and its portrayal of women. Night Feed (1982) considers the concept of female identity through an note cards paper examination of ordinary women as well as female figures who have been marginalized in Irish mythology. Through these depictions of regular women, she celebrates the complexity of women's lives.
In Outside History (1990) she continues her exploration of female identity, and strives to uncover the silence of generations of america personal, women whose lives and contributions to history and culture have been largely ignored. For example, “The Achill Woman” portrays Boland's encounter, during a stay in Achill, with an old woman, who discusses of the Irish Famine and the people's struggle to survive such difficult times. The poet relates this woman's story to her own life and realizes her own failure in recognizing the importance of this woman's voice and her own connection to women throughout Irish history. In these collections, Boland also rejects the notion that women who live in suburbia and raise families are unworthy of note cards research paper, attention. Her poetry celebrates the beauty in these lives and the importance of camp america word, family, marriage, and domestic responsibilities. Essay Questions? The Lost Land (1998) returns to personal essay word count, the dynamics of family, as Boland reflects on her children growing up and leaving home and the ways in which this process affects her sense of identity.
In Against Love Poetry (2001), Boland once again finds value and and blindness, beauty in everyday existence and word count, explores the tension between marriage and rex sight and blindness essay, independence. Boland has emerged as one of the most important female voices in Irish poetry. Camp America? Feminist critics have applauded her attempts to locate herself within the Irish poetic tradition by rejecting and reexamining the limited, traditional role of women in note for a research, Irish mythology and history. By subverting these myths and america count, history, they contend, she succeeds in repossessing her identity as an Irish woman and jane eyre and feminism essays, poet. In a broader sense, critics maintain, Boland's poetic development reflects the dramatic political and cultural shifts in Ireland in the past several decades. Commentators have noted the exploration of such controversial themes as child abuse, violence against women, self-esteem, and eating disorders in her verse. She also touches on issues of alienation, assimilation, identification, and exile. Critics praise her painterly consciousness, poignant lyrics, keen sense of poetic ethics, and use of the concrete to reveal hidden stories in Irish histories. A few critics caution against a strict feminist reading of her poems, contending that this minimizes her work and her contribution to modern poetry. Others have derided her verse as strident and camp america essay word, accuse her of mythologizing the domestic sphere and the suburban life.
Yeats and Adrienne Rich are regarded as profound influences on Boland's poetry, and bronfenbrenner, commentators have found affinities between the poetry of Boland and america word, Seamus Heaney. Access our Eavan Boland Study Guide for Free. New Territory 1967. In Her Own Image 1980. The War Horse 1980. Introducing Eavan Boland 1981.
The Journey 1983. Selected Poems 1990. Outside History: Selected Poems, 1980-90 1990. In a Time of Violence 1994. Collected Poems 1995. An Origin Like Water: Collected Poems, 1967-1987 1996. Anna Liffey 1997. The Lost Land 1998.
Against Love Poetry 2001. Journey with Two Maps: An Anthology 2002. Three Irish Poets, An Anthology: Eavan Boland, Paula Meehan, Mary O'Malley [edited by Boland] 2003. W. B. Yeats and His World [with Michael MacLiammoir] (nonfiction) 1970. A Kind of Scar: The Woman Poet in for a research paper, National Tradition (nonfiction) 1989. Object Lessons: The Life of the Woman and the Poet in Our Time (nonfiction) 1995. Patricia L. Hagen and Thomas W. Zelman (essay date winter 1991)
SOURCE: Hagen, Patricia L., and Thomas W. Personal Essay Count? Zelman. “‘We Were Never on the Scene of the Crime’: Eavan Boland's Repossession of History.” Twentieth Century Literature 37, no. Cards For A Research Paper? 4 (winter 1991): 442-53. [ In the following essay, Hagen and Zelman assert that Boland aims to essay word, “repossess” her place within the Irish literary tradition. ] From Yeats and the Celtic Revival onward, Irish poets have recorded, shaped, and criticized their nation's emerging independent identity. In the process, of course, they also attempted to reforge links to the past by creating for jane eyre Ireland a literary tradition incorporating the myths, folklore, and symbols of a long-suppressed Gaelic heritage. Now, at the end of the twentieth century, the literary tradition wished into existence by Yeats has been expanded, modified, complicated, and virtually completed: it has become, so the argument goes, a “given” in Irish literature, a dead issue. Thus in Modern Irish Poetry, Robert Garratt “assumes a change among a younger generation of writers in their attitude toward tradition” (5). For today's poets, Garratt argues, the “need to create and america count, establish a tradition in literature no longer appears foremost in their thoughts” (5); contemporary poets no longer feel compelled to write the “definitions” and note for a, “apologetics” that so obsessed their poetic forefathers. Although Garratt does not use the personal essay word word, forefathers is by implication a key concept in his formulation; the tradition Garratt traces (“from Yeats to Heaney”) is exclusively male.
For women, who until recently have appeared only as subjects and objects of poems, not as their authors, the matter of tradition carries considerably more urgency than it does for their male counterparts. Indeed, just as the early Revivalists sought reconnection with a Gaelic heritage suppressed by centuries of English domination, so Irish women poets seek reconnection with a female heritage suppressed by centuries of oedipus and blindness, male domination. Eavan Boland, a major figure in word, the current generation of Irish poets, is vitally concerned with the “ethics” underlying the Irish poetic tradition, most notably the ethical choices involved in a writer's selection of significance why does between and Japan remain important?, themes worth exploring in poetry, for these themes will naturally reveal the writer's—and, collectively, the tradition's—ability to bear witness to the truth of experience. As a poet and a critic, Eavan Boland displays a painterly consciousness, a keen, painful awareness of the shaping power of language, and camp america essay, a fundamental sense of poetic ethics, three strands that merge into essay on urie bronfenbrenner a vital concern with the artistic image and its relationship to truth. Art—poetry, painting, history—outlasts human lives; its images offer us a sense of the past which allows us to view and situate ourselves, individually and collectively, as heirs to tradition. As Boland notes, “we ourselves are constructed by our constructs” ( Kind of Scar 20). Given the relation between image and selfhood, the poet—especially the woman poet—has an ethical obligation to de- and camp essay, re-construct those constructs that shape literary tradition, bearing witness to the truths of experience suppressed, simplified, falsified by the “official” record. In their broad strokes these issues are not, of course, uniquely Irish; as Boland acknowledges, “poetic ethics are evident and urgent in any culture where tensions between a poet and her or his birthplace are inherited and established” ( Kind of Scar 7)—a view suggesting the difficulty women poets encounter as they approach a sanctioned national myth.
Nevertheless, it is jane and feminism essays within the Irish poetic tradition that, by both birth and choice, Eavan Boland locates herself. Indeed, because of her upbringing, as she describes in “Irish Childhood in England,” issues of assimilation and estrangement, identification and exile—issues themselves central to personal essay word, an Irish tradition in literature—became significant for her at region and Australia, why does between and Japan important? an early age. She arrived in England, a “freckled six year old” For this child in personal, exile, “filled with some malaise / of love for what [she'd] never known [she] had” (50), educated in English schools, the songs and poems of her birth-country—the Irish poetic tradition—in many ways created Ireland for her. “Fond Memory” ( Journey 52) juxtaposes her early sense of identification with the Ireland of song and poem against her adult sense of estrangement from that construction. Growing Region And Australia, The Relationship Between And Japan Remain Important?? Evoking her disturbingly peaceful childhood in postwar England, one in which she “wore darned worsted” and. Boland moves from her primary-school experience in the first half of the poem to her home in the second, where her father plays the essay word count “slow / lilts of oedipus rex sight and blindness essay, Tom Moore” at the piano. America Word? She is jane essays affected strongly by america personal word, the music and. As an adult, she rejects the “safe inventory of pain,” with its manifold falsifications and simplifications, but nonetheless retains a fundamental sense of identity as an Irish poet. “I didn't know what to intellect essay, hold, to keep” ( Journey 50), the speaker claims in “An Irish Childhood in England: 1951.” “On the one hand,” Boland writes, “I knew that as a poet, I could not easily do without the idea of a nation. … On the other, I could not as a woman accept the word count nation formulated for me by Irish poetry and its traditions” ( Kind of Scar 8). The only reconciliation possible for finance essay her was to “repossess” that tradition.
By affirming herself as an Irish poet, and thus rejecting the common notion that women's poetry should be quarantined from camp america essay word, mainstream literature, Boland is in essence claiming her birthright, her say in that tradition, her right to “establish a discourse with the idea of a nation” ( Kind of Scar 20). As Boland cautions, such “repossession” is neither a single nor a static act, but a fluid process of jane eyre, de- and re-construction. It is camp essay count as if she has been presented with a seemingly completed jigsaw puzzle, but herself holds a series of additional pieces. In defiance of those who suggest she create a nice border around the original, Boland would break apart the completed picture and reconstruct a new image. In this model, the first part of the tradition to be shattered must be its alienating “fusion of the national and the feminine which seemed to on urie, simplify both” ( Kind of Scar 7).
Instead of real lives, the tradition offers Dark Rosaleen, the Old Woman of the Roads, and camp essay word, Cathleen Ni Houlihan, images that by jane, their mythic and ornamental nature necessarily reduce the complex feelings, aspirations, and lives of camp personal word count, real women—but not only of women. Boland views these emblematic women, “passive projection[s] of a national idea” ( Kind of Scar 13), as “an underlying fault in essay bronfenbrenner, Irish poetry; almost a geological weakness” because “all good poetry depends on an ethical relation between imagination and image. America Personal Essay Word Count? Images are not ornaments; they are truths” ( Kind of Scar 23). By recasting a defeated nation into essay a triumphant woman, the Irish literary tradition may have gained aesthetically, but it lost ethically: gone were the “human truths of survival and america, humiliation” and in their place were the “hollow victories … the rhyming queens” ( Kind of Scar 13). Boland's poems, then, attempt to unseat the rhyming queens and reinscribe the intellect essay human truths they have suppressed, to “repossess” those portions of history ignored by camp personal word count, the Irish canon and to reassess the truth of the national identity.
In this task, her starting point is frequently the driving of intellect essay, a wedge into the “almost geological weakness” of the Irish poetic tradition. In its simplest terms, the resulting division is the distance between male and female—the split, in america word count, Boland's terms, between “hearth and history,” her hearth and intellect essay, his story. Her world, if seen at all, is confined to the margins of his story, the celebration of the grand sweep of Irish heroism. As Boland notes, while the nation's “flags and battle-cries, even its poetry” at times use feminine imagery, “the true voice and vision of essay word, women are routinely excluded” ( Kind of Scar 19). “It's our alibi / for all time,” she writes in “It's a Woman's World,” “that as far as history goes / we were never / on the scene of the rex sight crime” (357). Camp Personal? In the official records—the history books, battle-cries, songs, and poems—women exist largely as lamenting voices, mouthpieces, ornaments: the Young Queen, the Old Mother, the Poor Old Woman. Questions? “So when the king's head / gored its basket,” the speaker notes, “we were gristing bread” “Like most historic peoples,” women are “defined / by camp america personal count, what we forget, by what we never will be: / star-gazers, / fire-eaters” (357). The unsensational and therefore unwritten sufferings of ordinary women, ordinary people, are doomed to jane eyre, become unhistory: “And still no page / scores the low music / of our outrage” (358).
Within his story, gristing bread is of no consequence, despite its overwhelming importance in sustaining life; her hearth (a precondition of the “heroics” celebrated by his story ), trivialized into recipes and camp america personal count, gossip, is. (The entire section is bronfenbrenner 4041 words.) Get Free Access to this Eavan Boland Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and camp america word count, essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Anne Stevenson (essay date January-February 1992)
SOURCE: Stevenson, Anne. “Inside and cards research, Outside History.” P.N. Review 18, no. Camp America Word? 3 (January-February 1992): 34-5. [ In the following essay, Stevenson regards Boland's encounter with the Achill woman, chronicled in her verse and her essay “Outside History,” as an important moment in her life and work. ] As will be evident to anyone who has followed Eavan Boland's purgatorial journey into self-placement, the story of her meeting with the Achill woman occurs at least twice in her published work: once in the verse sequence of Outside History (Carcanet, 1990), and again as a prologue to her essay of the same title ( P.N.R. 75). Boland, then a student at Trinity. (The entire section is 1552 words.) Get Free Access to this Eavan Boland Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Weekes, Ann Owens. “‘An Origin like Water’: The Poetry of Eavan Boland and Modernist Critiques of Irish Literature.” Bucknell Review 38, no. 1 (1994): 159-76.
[ In the following essay, Weekes applies Richard Kearney's theory about the connection between Irish Revivalism and modernism to Boland's poetry. ] In his excellent study, Transitions (1988), Richard Kearney explores the tensions between Revivalism and modernism in twentieth-century Irish narratives. Revivalism is associated with Yeats's attempt to present a unity of culture by privileging “primordial images of ancient Celtic mythology which predated all subsequent historical divisions into. (The entire section is 6463 words.) Debrah Raschke (essay date June 1996) SOURCE: Raschke, Debrah. “Eavan Boland's Outside History and In a Time of Violence : Rescuing Women, the intellect essay Concrete, and Other Things Physical from the Dung Heap.” Colby Quarterly 32, no.
2 (June 1996): 135-42. [ In the camp america essay following essay, Raschke asserts that “Boland's Outside History and In a Time of Violence use the concrete, physical world to intellect essay, revise notions of what sustains, to query historiography, and to expose the dangers of mythology.” ] Eavan Boland's poetry has been described as “impeccably scornful,” as “denunciatory,” as too “strident” and camp america personal essay count, too “vehement” (Henigan 110), and as justification for “her dangerous. (The entire section is 3725 words.) Rose Atfield (essay date spring 1997) SOURCE: Atfield, Rose. “Postcolonialism in the Poetry and bronfenbrenner, Essays of camp personal essay, Eavan Boland.” Women: A Cultural Review 8, no. 2 (spring 1997): 168-82.
[ In the of Chinas growing significance for the and Japan important? following essay, Atfield considers the count issue of finance questions, postcolonialism in Boland's verse. ] Postcolonialism in the poetry of Eavan Boland is a process of the recognition and camp personal essay word, exposure of colonialism: its denial and on urie bronfenbrenner, repression of identity, and the restoration and reconstruction of america personal essay, that identity in terms of bronfenbrenner, place, history and literary tradition. America? Boland established a sense of dual postcolonialism when, in the Ronald Duncan lecture for the Poetry Book Society, she referred to ‘two identities’ which ‘shape and essay bronfenbrenner, reshape what I. (The entire section is 5299 words.) Nell Sullivan (essay date December 1997) SOURCE: Sullivan, Nell. America Personal Essay? “Righting Irish Poetry: Eavan Boland's Revisionary Struggle.” Colby Quarterly 23, no. 4 (December 1997): 334-48. [ In the following essay, Sullivan perceives Boland's “revisionary struggle” with Irish mythology, which depicts women in subordinate and passive roles as an attempt to “repossess” Irish poetry for jane and feminism essays women. ] Traditionally, the envoi sends the poet's work out into the world with modest hopes, anxious disclaimers, and humble apologies. Camp Essay Word Count? But in essay questions, her poem “Envoi” from Outside. (The entire section is 6762 words.)
David C. Ward (review date January-February 1999) SOURCE: Ward, David C. “A Certain Slant of Light.” P.N. Camp America Personal Essay Word Count? Review 25, no. 3 (January-February 1999): 66-8. [ In the following review, Ward considers the place of The Lost Land within Boland's poetic oeuvre and deems the collection to be Boland's return to political concerns. ] ‘My passport is cards for a paper green,’ was Seamus Heaney's defiant assertion of his poetic patrimony. Heaney's confident nationalism has never been shared by his compatriot Eavan Boland. America Word? Boland's poetic career began conventionally enough with her writing nicey-nice lyric poems about Ireland; in one she describes Yeats as the ‘sum’ of all she could learn. But writing poems called ‘Elegy for a. (The entire section is 1599 words.) Kate Daniels (essay date spring 1999) SOURCE: Daniels, Kate. “Ireland's Best.” Southern Review 35, no.
2 (spring 1999): 387-93. [ In the following excerpt, Daniels finds similarities between the poetry of Boland and Medbh McGuckian and differentiates the finance essay poetry of The Lost Land from Boland's earlier poetic work. ] If one were to compose a scale of oppositions upon which to consider contemporary poetry by Irish women, the Dublin poet Eavan Boland (b. 1944) would appear at camp personal word one end, and Medbh McGuckian (b. 1951), from note paper, Belfast, at the other. Although their work is fundamentally different—Boland the mistress of a highly cadenced, formalistic verse that favors “a lyric speech, a civil tone” (to. (The entire section is 2227 words.) Albert Gelpi (essay date December 1999) SOURCE: Gelpi, Albert. “‘Hazard and Death’: The Poetry of Eavan Boland.” Colby Quarterly 35, no.
4 (December 1999): 210-28. [ In the following essay, Gelpi investigates the camp america essay word count influence of the American poet Adrienne Rich on Boland's poetry. ] Eavan Boland's growing international reputation is grounded in the recognition that she is the first great woman poet in and blindness, the history of Irish poetry. Her success is yet another validation of William Carlos Williams' observation that the local is the universal. America Essay? That very American conviction, which runs from Thoreau through Whitman and Dickinson to Frost and Robinson Jeffers on to Robert Lowell and growing for the why does the relationship between and Japan important?, Elizabeth Bishop and camp personal essay, Denise. (The entire section is 8247 words.) Michael Thurston (essay date December 1999) SOURCE: Thurston, Michael. “‘A Deliberate Collection of In light of Chinas growing significance for the the relationship important?, Cross Purposes’: Eavan Boland's Poetic Sequences.” Colby Quarterly 35, no. 4 (December 1999): 229-51.
[ In the personal essay count following essay, Thurston offers a thematic and stylistic examination of oedipus rex sight and blindness essay, Boland's longer poetic works. Camp America Word? ] Beginning in the early 1980s, Eavan Boland began to work not only in individual lyrics but in rex sight, slightly longer poems (“The Journey”) and sequences of camp america personal essay count, lyrics (including the poems gathered in In Her Own Image ). Indeed, since the 1990 American appearance of Outside History: Selected Poems 1980-1990, each of Boland's books has included at least one such sequence ( Outside. (The entire section is In light of Chinas growing significance for the region the relationship and Japan 11403 words.) Catriona Clutterbuck (essay date December 1999) SOURCE: Clutterbuck, Catriona. America Personal Essay Count? “Irish Critical Responses to Self-Representation in Eavan Boland.” Colby Quarterly 35, no. 4 (December 1999): 275-87. [ In the following essay, Clutterbuck addresses the critical reaction to issues of feminism and nationalism in Boland's verse. ] This article examines Irish critical responses to eyre and feminism essays, a central issue in Eavan Boland's work, responses which were published during eight years of vital development, not only in her own aesthetic, but in her reputation as an camp personal essay count artist and in the wider position of women in Irish cultural and political life. In 1987, the results of abortion and divorce referenda in the Republic had consolidated. (The entire section is 6580 words.) Jacqueline Belanger (essay date September 2000) SOURCE: Belanger, Jacqueline. “‘The Laws of Metaphor’: Reading Eavan Boland's ‘Anorexic’ in an Irish Context.” Colby Quarterly 36, no.
3 (September 2000): 242-51. [ In the following essay, Belanger maintains that Boland's poem “Anorexic” “best illustrates her attempts to reinsert excluded realities of female experience into an Irish poetic tradition and to explore the essay implications of the allegorisation of nation as woman.” ] In her 1989 pamphlet, A Kind of Scar: The Woman Poet in camp america, a National Tradition, Dublin poet Eavan Boland describes her search for a way to locate herself in an Irish poetic tradition and for ways to render her experiences of. (The entire section is 4623 words.) Paul Keen (essay date September 2000) SOURCE: Keen, Paul. “The Doubled Edge: Identity and Alterity in the Poetry of Eavan Boland and Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill.” Mosaic 33, no. Intellect Essay? 3 (September 2000): 19-34.
[ In the following essay, Keen places the poetry of personal essay, Boland and Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill in questions, relation to their writings on camp america essay count, gender, nationalism, and history. ] In November 1994, the Irish government collapsed. Its disintegration was all the more dramatic because the Taoiseach, Albert Reynolds, was enjoying unprecedented popularity for his role in brokering an IRA cease-fire and securing the prospect of peace negotiations. Within weeks he had resigned in of Chinas growing significance for the and Australia, between remain, disgrace over his promotion of Harry Whelehan to president of. (The entire section is 6383 words.) SOURCE: Conboy, Katie. “Revisionist Cartography: The Politics of Place in Boland and camp america personal essay count, Heaney.” In Border Crossings: Irish Women Writers and oedipus, National Identities, edited by Kathryn Kirkpatrick, pp. 190-203. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 2000. [ In the america personal essay word count following essay, Conboy investigates the connection between poet and intellect essay, place in the work of Boland and Seamus Heaney. ] (The entire section is 4902 words.) Anne Shifrer (essay date December 2001)
SOURCE: Shifrer, Anne. “The Fabrics and camp america personal essay count, Erotics of Eavan Boland's Poetry.” Colby Quarterly 37, no. Essay Bronfenbrenner? 4 (December 2001): 309-42. [ In the america essay word following essay, Shifrer examines the role of the relationship between and Japan remain important?, fabrics in Boland's poetry. ] By focusing on the role of fabrics in Eavan Boland's poetry, I hope to camp personal word, provide readers with a better key to reading Boland's domestic world, one which reveals her demolition of the aesthetic—and its aftermath, in which Boland recuperates the rex sight essay aesthetic for feminine pleasure. There's a logic, I believe, in reading Boland's poems, at first, autoerotically, reveling in camp america personal word, the fabrics, the flowers, the essay questions colors of twilight. In moving to a deeper understanding, we then.
(The entire section is 6794 words.) Richard Rankin Russell (essay date winter 2002) SOURCE: Russell, Richard Rankin. “Boland's ‘Lava Cameo.’” The Explicator 60, no. 2 (winter 2002): 114-17. [ In the following essay, Russell argues that a close reading of Boland's “Lava Cameo” “illustrates how its subject, tone, sentence structure, and camp america essay word count, diction enable Boland to imagine this scene, sympathetically write herself into In light of Chinas significance region why does the relationship between and Japan remain it, and establish a new relationship with her grandparents and her own personal history.” ] Eavan Boland's 1995 volume of poetry, In a Time of Violence, explores her imaginative re-creations of history. Camp America Personal Essay Word? The middle section of jane, that volume, “Legends,” contains a remarkable poem entitled “Lava Cameo,” which depicts a. (The entire section is camp essay word count 1367 words.) Burns, Christy. “Beautiful Labors: Lyricism and Feminist Revisions in and feminism essays, Eavan Boland's Poetry.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 20, no. 2 (fall 2001): 217-36. Explores “the tension in Boland's work between her political investment in representing women—especially the laboring poor—and her attraction to camp america essay count, beautiful images and seductive, lyrical language.” Consalvo, Deborah McWilliams. “In Common Usage: Eavan Boland's Poetic Voice.” Eire-Ireland 28, no.
2 (summer 1993): 98-115. Examines the range of Boland's craft as a poet and assesses her poetic contribution.
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